Перевод: с латинского на английский

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PREP ACC

  • 1 ā

       ā    (before consonants), ab (before vowels, h, and some consonants, esp. l, n, r, s), abs (usu. only before t and q, esp. freq. before the pron. te), old af, praep. with abl., denoting separation or departure (opp. ad).    I. Lit., in space, from, away from, out of.    A. With motion: ab urbe proficisci, Cs.: a supero mari Flaminia (est via), leads: Nunc quidem paululum, inquit, a sole, a little out of the sun: usque a mari supero Romam proficisci, all the way from; with names of cities and small islands, or with domo, home (for the simple abl; of motion, away from, not out of, a place); hence, of raising a siege, of the march of soldiers, the setting out of a fleet, etc.: oppidum ab Aeneā fugiente a Troiā conditum: ab Alesiā, Cs.: profectus ab Orico cum classe, Cs.; with names of persons or with pronouns: cum a vobis discessero: videat forte hic te a patre aliquis exiens, i. e. from his house, T.; (praegn.): a rege munera repudiare, from, sent by, N.—    B. Without motion.    1. Of separation or distance: abesse a domo paulisper maluit: tum Brutus ab Romā aberat, S.: hic locus aequo fere spatio ab castris Ariovisti et Caesaris aberat, Cs.: a foro longe abesse: procul a castris hostes in collibus constiterunt, Cs.: cum esset bellum tam prope a Siciliā; so with numerals to express distance: ex eo loco ab milibus passuum octo, eight miles distant, Cs.: ab milibus passuum minus duobus castra posuerunt, less than two miles off, Cs.; so rarely with substantives: quod tanta machinatio ab tanto spatio instrueretur, so far away, Cs.—    2. To denote a side or direction, etc., at, on, in: ab sinistrā parte nudatis castris, on the left, Cs.: ab eā parte, quā, etc., on that side, S.: Gallia Celtica attingit ab Sequanis flumen Rhenum, on the side of the Sequani, i. e. their country, Cs.: ab decumanā portā castra munita, at the main entrance, Cs.: crepuit hinc a Glycerio ostium, of the house of G., T.: (cornua) ab labris argento circumcludunt, on the edges, Cs.; hence, a fronte, in the van; a latere, on the flank; a tergo, in the rear, behind; a dextro cornu, on the right wing; a medio spatio, half way.—    II. Fig.    A. Of time.    1. Of a point of time, after: Caesar ab decimae legionis cohortatione ad dextrum cornu profectus, immediately after, Cs.: ab eo magistratu, after this office, S.: recens a volnere Dido, fresh from her wound, V.: in Italiam perventum est quinto mense a Carthagine, i. e. after leaving, L.: ab his, i. e. after these words, hereupon, O.: ab simili <*>ade domo profugus, i. e. after and in consequence of, L.—    2. Of a period of time, from, since, after: ab hora tertiā bibebatur, from the third hour: ab Sullā et Pompeio consulibus, since the consulship of: ab incenso Capitolio illum esse vigesumum annum, since, S.: augures omnes usque ab Romulo, since the time of: iam inde ab infelici pugnā ceciderant animi, from (and in consequence of), L.; hence, ab initio, a principio, a primo, at, in, or from the beginning, at first: ab integro, anew, afresh: ab... ad, from (a time)... to: cum ab horā septimā ad vesperum pugnatum sit, Cs.; with nouns or adjectives denoting a time of life: iam inde a pueritiā, T.: a pueritiā: a pueris: iam inde ab incunabulis, L.: a parvo, from a little child, or childhood, L.: ab parvulis, Cs.—    B. In other relations.    1. To denote separation, deterring, intermitting, distinction, difference, etc., from: quo discessum animi a corpore putent esse mortem: propius abesse ab ortu: alter ab illo, next after him, V.: Aiax, heros ab Achille secundus, next in rank to, H.: impotentia animi a temperantiā dissidens: alieno a te animo fuit, estranged; so with adjj. denoting free, strange, pure, etc.: res familiaris casta a cruore civili: purum ab humano cultu solum, L.: (opoidum) vacuum ab defensoribus, Cs.: alqm pudicum servare ab omni facto, etc., II.; with substt.: impunitas ab iudicio: ab armis quies dabatur, L.; or verbs: haec a custodiis loca vacabant, Cs.—    2. To denote the agent, by: qui (Mars) saepe spoliantem iam evertit et perculit ab abiecto, by the agency of: Laudari me abs te, a laudato viro: si quid ei a Caesare gravius accidisset, at Caesar's hands, Cs.: vetus umor ab igne percaluit solis, under, O.: a populo P. imperia perferre, Cs.: equo lassus ab indomito, H.: volgo occidebantur: per quos et a quibus? by whose hands and upon whose orders? factus ab arte decor, artificial, O.: destitutus ab spe, L.; (for the sake of the metre): correptus ab ignibus, O.; (poet. with abl. of means or instr.): intumuit venter ab undā, O.—Ab with abl. of agent for the dat., to avoid ambiguity, or for emphasis: quibus (civibus) est a vobis consulendum: te a me nostrae consuetudinis monendum esse puto.—    3. To denote source, origin, extraction, from, of: Turnus ab Ariciā, L.: si ego me a M. Tullio esse dicerem: oriundi ab Sabinis, L.: dulces a fontibus undae, V.—With verbs of expecting, fearing, hoping (cf. a parte), from, on the part of: a quo quidem genere, iudices, ego numquam timui: nec ab Romanis vobis ulla est spes, you can expect nothing from the Romans, L.; (ellipt.): haec a servorum bello pericula, threatened by: quem metus a praetore Romano stimulabat, fear of what the praetor might do, L.—With verbs of paying, etc., solvere, persolvere, dare (pecuniam) ab aliquo, to pay through, by a draft on, etc.: se praetor dedit, a quaestore numeravit, quaestor a mensā publicā, by an order on the quaestor: ei legat pecuniam a filio, to be paid by his son: scribe decem (milia) a Nerio, pay by a draft on Nerius, H.; cognoscere ab aliquā re, to know or learn by means of something (but ab aliquo, from some one): id se a Gallicis armis atque insignibus cognovisse, Cs.; in giving an etymology: id ab re... interregnum appellatum, L.—Rarely with verbs of beginning and repeating: coepere a fame mala, L.: a se suisque orsus, Ta.—    4. With verbs of freeing from, defending, protecting, from, against: ut a proeliis quietem habuerant, L.: provincia a calamitate est defendenda: sustinere se a lapsu, L.—    5. With verbs and adjectives, to define the respect in which, in relation to, with regard to, in respect to, on the part of: orba ab optimatibus contio: mons vastus ab naturā et humano cultu, S.: ne ab re sint omissiores, too neglectful of money or property, T.: posse a facundiā, in the matter of eloquence, T.; cf. with laborare, for the simple abl, in, for want of: laborare ab re frumentariā, Cs.—    6. In stating a motive, from, out of, on account of, in consequence of: patres ab honore appellati, L.: inops tum urbs ab longinquā obsidione, L.—    7. Indicating a part of the whole, of, out of: scuto ab novissimis uni militi detracto, Cs.: a quibus (captivis) ad Senatum missus (Regulus).—    8. Marking that to which anything belongs: qui sunt ab eā disciplinā: nostri illi a Platone et Aristotele aiunt.—    9. Of a side or party: vide ne hoc totum sit a me, makes for my view: vir ab innocentiā clementissimus, in favor of.—10. In late prose, of an office: ab epistulis, a secretary, Ta. Note. Ab is not repeated with a following pron interrog. or relat.: Arsinoën, Stratum, Naupactum... fateris ab hostibus esse captas. Quibus autem hostibus? Nempe iis, quos, etc. It is often separated from the word which it governs: a nullius umquam me tempore aut commodo: a minus bono, S.: a satis miti principio, L.—The poets join a and que, making āque; but in good prose que is annexed to the following abl. (a meque, abs teque, etc.): aque Chao, V.: aque mero, O.—In composition, ab- stands before vowels, and h, b, d, i consonant, l, n, r, s; abs- before c, q, t; b is dropped, leaving as- before p; ā- is found in āfuī, āfore ( inf fut. of absum); and au- in auferō, aufugiō.
    * * *
    I
    Ah!; (distress/regret/pity, appeal/entreaty, surprise/joy, objection/contempt)
    II
    by (agent), from (departure, cause, remote origin/time); after (reference)
    III
    ante, abb. a.

    in calendar expression a. d. = ante diem -- before the day

    Latin-English dictionary > ā

  • 2 abs

        abs    see a.
    * * *
    by (agent), from (departure, cause, remote origin (time); after (reference)

    Latin-English dictionary > abs

  • 3 absque

        absque    praep. with abl.; prop., apart from, away from; hence in conditional clauses, apart from (in thought), but for, were it not for: absque eo esset, vidissem, etc., were it not for him, T.: absque unā hac foret, but for this one thing, T.; (absque for sine is late and vulgar).
    * * *
    without, apart from, away from; but for; except for; were it not for; (early)

    Latin-English dictionary > absque

  • 4 ad

       ad praep. with acc.    [cf. Eng. at].—Of approach (opp. to ab, as in to ex).    I. In space, to, toward: retorquet oculos ad urbem: una pars vergit ad septentriones, Cs.: tendens ad sidera palmas, V. —Fig.: ad alia vitia propensior, more inclined to. —Esp., ad dextram, sinistram, or laevam, to or on the right or left: ito ad dextram, T.: alqd ad dextram conspicere, Cs.: non rectā regione... sed ad laevam, L.—Designating the goal, to, toward: ad ripam convenire, Cs.: vocari ad cenam, H.: ad se adferre: reticulum ad narīs sibi admovebat (cf. accedit ad urbem, he approaches the city; and, accedit provinciae, it is added to the province).— Ad me, te, se, for domum meam, tuam, suam (in T. freq.): eamus ad me, T. — With gen., ellipt.: ad Dianae, to the temple of, T.: ad Castoris currere. — Used for dat: litteras dare ad aliquem, to write one a letter (cf. litteras dare alicui, to give a letter to one): domum ad te scribere: ad primam (epistulam) scribere, to answer.—Hence, librum ad aliquem mittere, scribere, to dedicate a book to one. —In titles, ad aliquem signifies to, addressed to.— With names of towns, ad answers to Whither? for the simple acc., i. e. to the vicinity of, to the neighborhood of: ad Aquinum accedere, approach: ut cum suis copiis iret ad Mutinam. — Of hostile movement or protection, against (cf. adversus): veniri ad se existimantes, Cs.: ipse ad hostem vehitur, N.: Romulus ad regem impetum facit (cf. in), L.: clipeos ad tela protecti obiciunt, V.: ad hos casūs provisa praesidia, Cs.—In war, of manner of fighting: ad pedes pugna venerat, was fought out on foot, L.: equitem ad pedes deducere, L.: pugna ad gladios venerat, L. — Emphatic of distance, to, even to, all the way to: a Salonis ad Oricum portūs... occupavit, Cs.: usque a Dianis ad Sinopum navigare. — Fig.: deverberasse usque ad necem, T.: virgis ad necem caedi.—Of nearness or proximity in gen. (cf. apud), near to, by, at, close by: ad forīs adsistere: Ianum ad infimum Argiletum fecit, L.: quod Romanis ad manum domi supplementum esset, at hand, L.: errantem ad flumina, V.; and ellipt.: pecunia utinam ad Opis maneret! — Of persons: qui primum pilum ad Caesarem duxerat, Cs.: ad me fuit, at my house: ad inferos poenas parricidi luent, among.—So, fig.: ad omnīs nationes sanctum, in the judgment of, Cs.: ut esset ad posteros monumentum, etc., L.: ad urbem esse (of a general outside of the walls): ad urbem cum imperio remanere, Cs.—With names of towns and verbs of rest: pons, qui erat ad Genavam, Cs.; and with an ordinal number and lapis: sepultus ad quintum lapidem, N.—    II. In time, about, toward: domum reductus ad vesperum, toward evening.—Till, until, to, even to, up to: usque ad hanc aetatem: ad multam noctem: amant ad quoddam tempus, until: quem ad finem? how long: ad quartam (sc. horam), H. — Hence, ad id (sc. tempus), till then: ad id dubios servare animos, L.— At, on, in, by: ad horam destinatam, at the appointed hour: frumentum ad diem dare. —    III. In number or amount, near, near to, almost, about, toward (cf. circiter): talenta ad quindecim coëgi, T.: annos ad quadraginta natus.—Adverb.: occisis ad hominum milibus quattuor, Cs.: ad duo milia et trecenti occisi, L.—Of a limit, to, unto, even to (rare): (viaticum) ad assem perdere, to the last farthing, H.: ad denarium solvere. —Esp., ad unum, to a single one, without exception: omnes ad unum idem sentiunt: exosus ad unum Troianos, V. —    IV. In other relations, with regard to, in respect of, in relation to, as to, to, in: ad honorem antecellere: nihil ad rem pertinet.—Ellipt.: rectene an secus, nihil ad nos: Quid ad praetorem? quid ad rem? i. e. what difference does it make? H.: quibus (auxiliaribus) ad pugnam confidebat, Cs.: ad speciem ornatus, ad sensum acerbus: mentis ad omnia caecitas: ad cetera paene gemelli, H.: facultas ad dicendum.—With words denoting measure, weight, manner, model, rule, etc., according to, agreeably to, after: taleis ad certum pondus examinatis, Cs.: ad cursūs lunae describit annum, L.: canere ad tibiam: carmen castigare ad unguem, to perfection (see unguis), H.: ad istorum normam sapientes: ad specus angustiae vallium (i. e. ad specuum similitudinem angustae valles), Cs. — With the cause or reason, according to, at, on, in consequence of, for, in order to: ad horum proces in Boeotiam duxit, on their entreaty, L.: dictis ad fallendum instructis, L.: causae ad discordiam, to produce dissension, T.: ad facinora incendere, S.: ad speciem tabernaculis relictis, for appearance, Cs.: ad id, for this use, as a means to that end, L.: ad id ipsum, for that my purpose, L.: delecto milite ad navīs, marines, L.: puer ad cyathum statuetur, H.: biiugi ad frena leones, yoked in pairs with bits, V.: res quae sunt ad incendia, Cs.: ad communem salutem utilius.—In comparison, to, compared with, in comparison with: terra ad universi caeli complexum: nihil ad tuum equitatum, Caesar.—    V. In adverbial phrases, ad omnia, withal, to crown all: ad omnia tantum advehi auri, etc., L.—Ad hoc and ad haec, moreover, besides, in addition: ad hoc, quos... postremo omnes, quos, etc., S. — Ad id quod, beside that (rare): ad id quod... indignitate etiam Romani accendebantur, L. — Ad tempus, at a definite, fixed time, C., L.; at a fit, appropriate time, L.; for some time, for a short time, L.; according to circumstances. — Ad praesens, for the moment, for a short time.—Ad locum, on the spot: ut ad locum miles esset paratus, L.—Ad verbum, word for word, literally. — Ad summam, on the whole, generally, in general; in a word, in short, C., H.—Ad extremum, ad ultimum, ad postremum, at the end, finally, at last; of place, at the extremity, at the top, at the end: ad extremum (teli) unde ferrum exstabat, L.; of time, at last, finally: ad extremum incipit philosophari; of order, finally, lastly; to the last degree, quite, L. — Quem ad finem? to what limit? how far? how long? Note.—a. Ad rarely follows its acc: quam ad, T.: quos ad, C.: ripam ad Araxis, Ta.—b. In composition, ad- stands before vowels, b, d, f, h, i consonant, m, n, q, v, and mostly before l, r, s; acbefore c; but very often ad- before cl-, cr-, and cu-; ag- or ad- before g; ap- or ad- before p; atbefore t; but a- or ad- before gn, sp, sc, st.
    * * *
    I II
    to, up to, towards; near, at; until, on, by; almost; according to; about w/NUM

    Latin-English dictionary > ad

  • 5 adversum

        adversum ī, n    the opposite direction: hic ventus adversum tenet Athenis proficiscentibus, N.: in adversum Romani subiere, directly to the hill, L.—Fig., opposed, contrary, hostile, adverse, unfavorable, unpropitious: fortuna: mentes mihi: bellum, a face-to-face quarrel, H.: adversā patrum voluntate, L.: res, misfortune, calamity, H.: casūs, N.: adversae rerum undae, a sea of troubles, H.: Mars, i. e. defeat, V.: annus frugibus, L.: valetudo, i. e. sickness, L.: adversā nocte, i. e. since the night was unfavorable, Cs.: qui timet his adversa, the opposite fortune, H: quīs omnia regna advorsa sint, odious, S.—As substt.    1.
    * * *
    I
    opposite, against, in opposite direction; in opposition; (w/ire go to meet)
    II
    facing, opposite, against, towards; contrary to; face to face, in presence of
    III
    direction/point opposite/facing; uphill slope/direction; obstacle, trouble

    Latin-English dictionary > adversum

  • 6 adversus

        adversus ī, m    an enemy, opponent: vir populi partium, an opponent of the democrats, S. —    2.
    * * *
    I
    opposite, against, in opposite direction; in opposition; (w/ire go to meet)
    II
    facing, opposite, against, towards; contrary to; face to face, in presence of
    III
    adversa -um, adversior -or -us, adversissimus -a -um ADJ
    opposite, directly facing, ranged against; adverse, evil, hostile; unfavorable
    IV
    person/foe opposite/directly facing (w/hostile intent); political opponent

    Latin-English dictionary > adversus

  • 7 adversum

        adversum ī, n    misfortune, calamity, disaster: uti Advorsa eius per te tecta sient, T.: nihil adversi exspectare: si quando adversa vocarent, if misfortune should require, V.
    * * *
    I
    opposite, against, in opposite direction; in opposition; (w/ire go to meet)
    II
    facing, opposite, against, towards; contrary to; face to face, in presence of
    III
    direction/point opposite/facing; uphill slope/direction; obstacle, trouble

    Latin-English dictionary > adversum

  • 8 amb-, am-, an-

       amb-, am-, an- insepa<*> prep.,    around, round about, only in composition; before vowels usually amb-; ambages, ambedo, etc.; but amicio (for amiicio); once amp-: ampulla; before consonants, am-: amplector, amputo; or amp-: Ampsanctus; but before c, q, h, f, an-: anceps, anfractus, anquiro, etc.

    Latin-English dictionary > amb-, am-, an-

  • 9 ante

        ante adv. and praep.    [ANT-].    I. Adv., of space, before, in front, forwards: ante aut post pugnandi ordo, L.: positum ante pullum Sustulit, served, H.: non ante, sed retro.—Usu. of time, before, previously: nonne oportuit Praescisse me ante, T.: fructus ante actae vitae: ante feci mentionem: ut ante dixi: ut saepe ante fecerant: non filius ante pudicus, hitherto, Iu.: multis ante saeculis, many centuries earlier: paucis ante diebus: biennio ante: paulo ante, a little while ago: ante aliquanto: tanto ante praedixeras.—Followed by quam, sooner than, before: ante quam ad sententiam redeo, dicam, etc.: memini Catonem anno ante quam est mortuus disserere: ante quam veniat in Pontum, mittet, etc.: ante... Ararim Parthus bibet... Quam... labatur, etc., V.: qui (sol) ante quam se abderet, vidit, etc.: ante vero quam sit ea res adlata: nullum ante finem pugnae quam morientes fecerunt, L. — Rarely with a subst: neque ignari sumus ante malorum, earlier ills, V.: prodere patriam ante satellitibus, to those who had been, etc., L.—    II. Praep. with acc, before. —In space: ante ostium: ante fores, H.: ante aras, V. — Of persons: causam ante eum dicere, plead before his bar: ante ipsum Serapim: ante ora patrum, V.: ante oculos vestros: togati ante pedes, as servants, Iu.: equitatum ante se mittit, Cs.: ante signa progressus, L.—Fig.: pone illum ante oculos viam, recall: omnia sunt posita ante oculos, made clear. — Of esteem or rank, before: facundiā Graecos ante Romanos fuisse, S.: me ante Alexandrum... esse, superior to, L.: Iulus Ante annos animum gerens, superior to, V.: ante alios gratus erat tibi, more than, O.: (virgo) longe ante alios insignis specie, L.: felix ante alias virgo, V.: ante omnīs furor est insignis equarum, V.: longe ante alios acceptissimus militum animis, L.: maestitia ante omnia insignis, above all things, L.: dulces ante omnia Musae, V. — In time, before: ante brumam, T.: ante lucem venire: ante noctem, H.: ante lucernas, Iu.: ante me sententias dicere, S.: tot annis ante civitatem datam: ante id tempus duces erant, until, N.: neque umquam ante hunc diem, never till now, T.: iam ante Socratem, before the time of: qui honos togato habitus ante me est nemini, before my time: Ante Iovem, V.: ante Helenam, H.: per hunc castissimum ante regiam iniuriam sanguinem iuro, L.: ante mare et terras, O.: ante cibum, H.: Hoc discunt omnes ante alpha et beta, before learning ABC, Iu.: ante istum praetorem, before his praetorship: ante hanc urbem conditam, before the founding of this city: ante Epaminondam natum, N.: ante te cognitum, S.: ante conditam condendamve urbem, i. e. built or planned, L.—Poet., with gerund: (equi) ante domandum, before they are broken, V. — Esp. in phrases: factus est (consul) bis, primum ante tempus, before the lawful age: Filius ante diem patrios inquirit in annos, before the destined time, O.: Sed misera ante diem, prematurely, V.: dies ante paucos, a few days sooner, L.: nobis ante quadrennium amissus est, four years ago, Ta.— Ante diem (abbrev. a. d.) with an ordinal number denotes the day of the month, reckoned inclusively, e. g., ante diem quintum (a. d. V.) Kalendas Aprilīs means, by our reckoning, the fourth day before the calends of April: ante diem XIII. Kalendas Ianuarias, the 20th of Dec.: ante diem quartum idūs Martias, the 3d day before the Ides of March, the 12th of March, L. — The entire phrase, as the name of the day, may be preceded by a praep: in ante diem quartum Kal. Dec. distulit: caedem te optimatium contulisse in ante diem V. Kal. Nov., to the 28th of Oct.
    * * *
    I
    before, previously, first, before this, earlier; in front/advance of; forwards
    II
    in front/presence of, in view; before (space/time/degree); over against, facing

    Latin-English dictionary > ante

  • 10 apud

        apud    older
    * * *
    at, by, near, among; at the house of; before, in the presence/writings/view of

    Latin-English dictionary > apud

  • 11 aput

        aput    praep. with acc, with, at, by, near.    I. Of persons, before, in the presence of, to: apud alquem sedere: me: alquem apud aliquos vituperare: causam apud iudices defendere: verba apud senatum fecit. — Among, with: quae apud eos gerantur, cognoscere, Cs.: apud quos consul fuerat: apud exercitum esse. — At the house of: apud me sis volo, T.: apud Domitium cenare: apud quem erat educatus, in whose family: apud se in castris, at his quarters, Cs. — Fig., with, in the view or mind of, among, over, in the opinion of: Itane parvam mihi fidem esse apud te? T.: apud Helvetios nobilissimus, Cs.: apud alquem multum valere, N. — In the power of, in the possession of, with esse: omnis gratia, potentia, honos... apud eos sunt, S.: par gloria apud Hannibalem... erat, L.: erat ei... apud me relicuom pauxillulum Nummorum, a balance due him, T.: (signa) deposita apud amicos.—With pron reflex., at home, in one's senses, sane (colloq.): non sum apud me, T.: fac apud te ut sies, T. — In the writings of: apud Xenophontem Cyrus dicit: apud quosdam acerbior in conviciis narrabatur, Ta. — In the time of, among: apud maiores nostros. —    II. Of place, at, near, in: apud forum, T.: apud Tenedum pugna navalis: nuntius victoriae apud Cannas, L.: apud oppidum morati, Cs.: non apud Anienem, sed in urbe. — Fig., of time: apud saeclum prius, T.
    * * *
    at, by, near, among; at the house of; before, in presence/writings/view/eyes of

    Latin-English dictionary > aput

  • 12 caussa

        caussa    see causa.
    * * *
    I
    for the sake/purpose of (preceded by GEN.), on account of, with a view to
    II
    cause/reason/motive; origin, source, derivation; responsibility/blame; symptom; occasion, subject; plea, position; lawsuit, case, trial; proviso/stipulation

    Latin-English dictionary > caussa

  • 13 circā

        circā adv.    and praep., later for circum.    I. Adv, around, round about, all around, near: gramen erat circa, O.: ripae Responsant circa, V.: ex montibus qui circa sunt, which are around, L.: sed non passi sunt ii, qui circa erant, who were at hand, N.: multarum circa civitatum inritatis animis, the surrounding towns, L.: corpora multa virūm circa, V.: farre ex agris circa undique convecto, all around, L.: cum circa omnia hostium essent, L.—    II. Praep. with acc. (sometimes after or separated from the acc.). — In space, about, around, on the side of, surrounding, encompassing: quam (Hennam) circa sunt flores: ligna contulerunt circa casam, N.: aes triplex Circa pectus, H.: quem circa tigres iacent, O. — Around, about, among, through: Romulus legatos circa vicinas gentes misit, L.: circa domos ire, L.: circa civitates miserat nuntios, L.—In the region of, near to, near by: urbīs circa Capuam occupare: circa Liternum posuit castra, in the neighborhood of, L. —In vague designations of a place, in, at, about: Circa virentīs campos, H.: cum amor Saeviet circa iecur, H.: quadriduum circa rupem consumptum, L.: circa unam rem ambitūs facere, L.—Of persons as attendants, around, with, attending, accompanying: canes quos circa se haberet: trecentos iuvenes circa se habebat, L. — In time, about: circa eandem horam, L.: Circa lustra decem, H. —In numerical designations, about, nearly, almost: circa quingentos Romanorum, L.—Fig., about, in respect to: circa adfectationem originis, Ta.
    * * *
    I
    around, all around; round about; near, in vicinity/company; on either side
    II
    around, on bounds of; about/near (space/time/numeral); concerning; with

    Latin-English dictionary > circā

  • 14 circiter

        circiter adv. and praep.    [circus].    I. Adv. of duration or distance, with numerals, about, not far from: diebus circiter quindecim pervenit, Cs.: horā circiter diei quartā, Cs.: circiter CCXX naves, Cs.: circiter pars quarta, S.: circiter duum milium intervallo, S.: circiter parte tertia (armorum) celatā, Cs.: milia passum ex eo loco circiter quinque, Cs.: decem circiter milia ab hoste abesse, L.—    II. Praep. with acc., of time, about, near: circiter meridiem, Cs.: circiter Idūs Septembrīs: circiter Kalendas Iunias, S.: octavam circiter horam, H.
    * * *
    I
    nearly, not far from, almost, approximately, around, about
    II
    about, around, near (space/time/numeral); towards

    Latin-English dictionary > circiter

  • 15 circum

        circum    [acc. of circus], adv. and praep.    I. Adv, around, round about, all around: Arboribus clausi circum, V.: quae circum essent opera, Cs.: portis circum omnibus instant, V.: circum tutae sub moenibus urbis, round about under the walls, V.: Gentibus circumque infraque relictis, O.: circum Undique convenere, on all sides, V.—    II. Praep. with acc. (sometimes following its case), around, about, all around: terra circum axem se convertit: novas circum felix eat hostia fruges, V.: circum caput Deposuit radios, O. — About, upon, around, near: capillus circum caput Reiectus, T.: flexo circum tempora cornu, O.: flumina circum, on the borders of the rivulets, V.: turbā circum te stante, H.: Circum claustra fremunt, V. — Among, around, through, to: circum villulas nostras errare, in our villas around: circum Me vectari rura caballo, H.: pueros circum amicos dimittit, to friends around: ducebat eos circum civitates: dimissis circum municipia litteris, Cs.: circum oram maritimam misit, ut, etc., L.: oras et litora circum Errans, V.—In the neighborhood of, around, about, at, near by: templa circum forum: urbes, quae circum Capuam sunt.—Of attendants, with, attending, accompanying: paucae, quae circum illam essent, T.: Hectora circum, V.: Circum pedes homines habere, i. e. slaves.—    III. In composition, the m before vowels was not pronounced, and is often omitted; circum with many verbs forms a loose compound, and tmesis is frequent in poetry (see circumago, circumdo, etc.). Some edd. have circum verto, circum volito, etc.
    * * *
    I
    about, around; round about, near; in a circle; in attendance; on both sides
    II
    around, about, among, near (space/time), in neighborhood of; in circle around

    Latin-English dictionary > circum

  • 16 cis

        cis praep.    [2 CA-], on this side: cis Tiberim redire, L.: Euphratem: cis Rhenum incolunt, Cs.
    * * *
    on/to this/near side of, short of; before, within (time)

    Latin-English dictionary > cis

  • 17 citrā

        citrā adv. and praep.    [citer].    I. Adv, on this side, on the hither side: (dextera) nec citra mota nec ultra, neither this way nor that, O.—On this side, nearer: id a capite arcessere: saepe etiam citra licet, not so far: paucis citra milibus, L.— Fig.: citra quam debuit, less than, O.—    II. Praep. with acc, on this side of: esse citra Rhenum, Cs.: citra Leucadem stadia CXX: citra flumen intercepti, L.: natus mare citra, H.: exercitum citra <*>umen educere.—Before, short of: nec a postremā syllabā citra tertiam, before the third syllable.— Fig., of time, before, within: citra Troiana tempora, O.—Short of, inferior to, within, less than: Nec virtus citra genus est, unworthy of the family, O.: citra necem constitit ira, O.: citra fidem, i. e. reason for distrust, Ta.: fines, Quos ultra citraque, etc., H. — Without, aside, from, except: citra speciem, not ornamental, Ta.: citra Caledoniam (Britannia), Ta.
    * * *
    I
    on this/near side of, towards; nearer; short of the mark/amount/degree
    II
    on this/near side of, short of; before; below, less than; without regard to

    Latin-English dictionary > citrā

  • 18 clam

        clam    [2 CAL-], adv. and praep.    I. Adv, secretly, privately, covertly, in secret: Si sperat fore clam, will not be found out, T.: tum id clam, he kept it a secret, T.: vel vi, vel clam, vel precario, by fraud, T.: Sychaeum Clam ferro superat, stealthily, V.: cui te commisit alendum Clam, O. —    II. Praep, without the knowledge of, unknown to.—With abl: clam vobis salutem fugā petivit, Cs.—With acc. (old): clam evenire patrem, T.: Neque adeo clam me est quam, etc., nor am I ignorant, T.: Non clam me haberet, etc., conceal from me, T.
    * * *
    I
    secretly, in secret, unknown to; privately; covertly; by fraud
    II
    without knowledge of, unknown to; concealed/secret from; (rarely w/ABL)
    III
    without knowledge of, unknown to; concealed/secret from; (rarely w/ABL)

    Latin-English dictionary > clam

  • 19 clanculum

        clanculum adv. and praep.    [clam].    I. Adv, secretly, privately: mordere, T.: id agere inter se, T. —    II. Praep. with acc: clanculum Patres, in secret from, T.
    * * *
    I
    secretly, by stealth; sub rosa; privately (L+S)
    II
    without knowledge of, secret from

    Latin-English dictionary > clanculum

  • 20 contrā

        contrā adv. and praep.    [comp. of com-; see 1 cum].    I.adv., of position, in opposition, opposite, face to face, in front, on the other side: signum contra animo finivit, i. e. mentally drew a line, L.: stare, Iu.: ulmus erat contra, in front, O.: consistere, to make front, Cs.: positā Hispaniā, opposite, Ta.: intueri, in the face, L.: oscula non pervenientia contra, so as to meet, O.—Fig., of actions, in turn, in return, back, on the other hand, likewise: Audi nunc, in turn, T.: Mettius Tullo gratulatur, contra Tullus Mettium adloquitur, L.: at tibi contra Evenit, ut, etc., you have your reward, H.: cui latrans contra senex (i. e. respondit), Ph.: si scias quod donum huic dono contra comparet, what counter-gift, T.: Facere contra huic aegre, T.: tibi contra gratiam Referre, T. — Of opposition or strife, in opposition, on the other side: obniti contra sufficere, to have strength to resist, V.: pugnare, O.: vociferans, L.: pauca accipe contra, H.: contra feriundi copia, making a counter-attack, S.: quid, si de litteris corruptis contra venit? as his accuser: est contra iudicatum, an adverse decision: licere, to compete, Cs.: nihil quod contra peterent, to compete for: qui contra fecerit, the transgressor.—With verbs of saying, in opposition, on the other side, in answer: cum contra dicturus Hortensius esset, as opposing counsel: contra qui dicit, the opponent: cum nemo contra diceret, denied it: nihil contra disputabo priusquam dixerit, make no objection: quid contra reus? says in reply: contra dicentibus inimicis, Cs.: quid contra dicerem meditabar, how to reply: id quod contra diceretur refellere, the objections: quod in eā causā contra dicendum est: dicitur contra, nullum esse testamentum, the objection is made: respondit nec contra dici quin, etc., there was no objection, L.— Reversely, in an opposite manner, the contrary, the opposite: in stultitiā contra est, with fools the reverse is true: quod contra est, S.: utrumque contra accidit: alia probabilia, contra alia dicimus, improbable: cognoscere quid boni utrisque aut contra esset (i. e. mali), S. — On the contrary, on the other hand, conversely: tu contra obicies: Romanus conserere pugnam velle, contra eludere Poenus, L.: iusta omnia decora sunt, iniusta contra indecora: ut hi miseri, sic contra illi beati quos, etc.: imperavi nihil, et contra patribus parui, but on the contrary: non enim tua culpa est... contraque summa laus: at contra: sed contra: contra autem: falso queritur quod, etc.: nam contra, etc., S.: quin contra, nay on the contrary, L.—Followed by atque or ac, contrary to, different from, otherwise than: simulacrum, contra atque ante fuerat, ad orientem convertere: contra atque esset dictum, Cs.: si haec contra ac dico essent omnia: contra ac ratus erat, S.: contra quam fas erat, contrary to the divine law: contra quam ipse censnisset, contrary to its own resolution.    II. Praep., with acc. (in prose before its case, except sometimes a rel. pron.), of position, before, against, facing, towards, opposite to, contrary to, over against: insulae latus est contra Galliam, Cs.: pacatis contra insulam suam terris, L.: Carthago Italiam contra, V.—Opposite, towards, against, facing, over against: contra vos in contione consistere, to face you: a fronte contra hostem, Cs.: Albanos contra legionem conlocat, L.: quos agmina contra Procurrunt, V.: contra hanc Romam altera Roma, a rival to.—Fig., in answer to, in reply to: contra ea facturos clamitabat, etc., Cs.: contra ea aiebat, etc., L.: contra postulata nuntios mittit, S.: Quae contra breviter fata est vates, V.—With valere, to weigh against, counterbalance, avail against: hac ratio contra omne ius iurandum valet: contrane lucrum nil valere Pauperis ingenium? H. —Of opposition or strife, against, with, in hostility to, as the enemy of: contra Caesarem gerere bellum: arma contra senatum tuli: armis contendere contra populum R., Cs.: contra Crustuminos profectus, marched against, L.: nihil se contra Sequanos consili inire, take hostile measures against, Cs.: contra salutem urbis incitari: paratus contra eum: agere contra hominem, plead against: nihil satis firmum contra Metellum, S.: contra difficultates providere, S.: vi contra vim resistere, L.: defensio contra vim: contra me sentire, hold an unfavorable opinion: quem contra veneris antea, for whose adversary you were counsel: pugnandum contra morbum: (provinciam) contra Caesarem retenturi, as the enemy of: eae res contra nos faciunt, make against.—Against, in opposition to, as the opponent of: tibi contra nos dicendum putes: contra iuris consultos dicere, against their opinions: contra caput dicere, to plead against life: contra Epicurum dictum est, in reply to: consuetudo contra deos disputandi, i. e. against the existence.—Against, injurious to, unfavorable to, to the disadvantage of: nihil contra me fecit odio mei: aliquid contra Caesarem Pompeio suadere: contra se ipse misericors, to his own injury, Ph.: contra valetudinis commodum laborare.—Esp., of offences, against, in violation of: pecuniam contra leges auferre: contra fas: contra ius gentium, L.: contra verecundiam, in disregard of: contra rem p. fecisse, to have been guilty of treason: vim eam contra rem p. factam decernere, L.: contra morem facere: quod contra legem esset: contra fidem. — Of opposition in thought, contrary to, opposite to, the reverse of: sed mihi contra ea videtur, the contrary seems true, S.: contra ea Caesar putabat, otherwise, Cs.: contra ea benigne, on the other hand, L.: cuius a me corpus crematum est, quod contra decuit ab illo meum (sc. cremari), whereas: quod contra oportebat delicto dolere, correctione gaudere, while, on the contrary.—With an abstract noun, contrary to, beyond, against: contra omnium opinionem (i. e. contra ac rati erant), Cs.: contra opinionem Iugurthae, against the expectation, S.: cetera contra spem salva invenit, L.: contra timorem animi praemia sceleris adeptus, S.
    * * *
    I
    facing, face-to-face, in the eyes; towards/up to; across; in opposite direction; against, opposite, opposed/hostile/contrary/in reply to; directly over/level; otherwise, differently; conversely; on the contrary; vice versa
    II
    against, facing, opposite; weighed against; as against; in resistance/reply to; contrary to, not in conformance with; the reverse of; otherwise than; towards/up to, in direction of; directly over/level with; to detriment of

    Latin-English dictionary > contrā

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  • sur — 1. sur [ syr ] prép. • 1080; sovre Xe; sore 980; la forme sur vient d un crois. avec sus; lat. super ou supra I ♦ Marquant la position « en haut » ou « en dehors » …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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