Перевод: с английского на все языки

PERRET, Auguste

  • 1 Perret, Auguste

    [br]
    b. 12 February 1874 Ixelles, near Brussels, Belgium
    d. 26 February 1954 Le Havre (?), France
    [br]
    French architect who pioneered and established building design in reinforced concrete in a style suited to the modern movement.
    [br]
    Auguste Perret belonged to the family contracting firm of A. \& G.Perret, which early specialized in the use of reinforced concrete. His eight-storey building at 25 bis Rue Franklin in Paris, built in 1902–3, was the first example of frame construction in this material and established its viability for structural design. Both ground plan and façade are uncompromisingly modern, the simplicity of the latter being relieved by unobtrusive faience decoration. The two upper floors, which are set back, and the open terrace roof garden set a pattern for future schemes. All of Perret's buildings had reinforced-concrete structures and this was clearly delineated on the façade designs. The concept was uncommon in Europe at the time, when eclecticism still largely ruled, but was derived from the late nineteenth-century skyscraper façades built by Louis Sullivan in America. In 1905–6 came Perret's Garage Ponthieu in Paris; a striking example of exposed concrete, it had a central façade window glazed in modern design in rich colours. By the 1920s ferroconcrete was in more common use, but Perret still led the field in France with his imaginative, bold use of the material. His most original structure is the Church of Notre Dame at Le Raincy on the outskirts of Paris (1922–3). The imposing exterior with its tall tower in diminishing stages is finely designed, but the interior has magnificence. It is a wide, light church, the segmented vaulted roof supported on slender columns. The whole structure is in concrete apart from the glass window panels, which extend the full height of the walls all around the church. They provide a symphony of colour culminating in deep blue behind the altar. Because of the slenderness of the columns and the richness of the glass, this church possesses a spiritual atmosphere and unimpeded sight and sound of and from the altar for everyone. It became the prototype for churches all over Europe for decades, from Moser in prewar Switzerland to Spence's postwar Coventry Cathedral.
    In a long working life Perret designed buildings for a wide range of purposes, adhering to his preference for ferroconcrete and adapting its use according to each building's needs. In the 1940s he was responsible for the railway station at Amiens, the Atomic Centre at Saclay and, one of his last important works, the redevelopment after wartime damage of the town centre of Le Havre. For the latter, he laid out large open squares enclosed by prefabricated units, which display a certain monotony, despite the imposing town hall and Church of St Joseph in the Place de L'Hôtel de Ville.
    [br]
    Principal Honours and Distinctions
    President des Réunions Internationales des Architectes. American Society of the French Legion of Honour Gold Medal 1950. Elected after the Second World War to the Institut de France. First President of the International Union of Architects on its creation in 1948. RIBA Royal Gold Medal 1948.
    Further Reading
    P.Blater, 1939, "Work of the architect A.Perret", Architektura SSSR (Moscow) 7:57 (illustrated article).
    1848 "Auguste Perret: a pioneer in reinforced concrete", Civil Engineers' Review, pp.
    296–300.
    Peter Collins, 1959, Concrete: The Vision of a New Architecture: A Study of Auguste Perret and his Precursors, Faber \& Faber.
    Marcel Zahar, 1959, D'Une Doctrine d'Architecture: Auguste Perret, Paris: Vincent Fréal.
    DY

    Biographical history of technology > Perret, Auguste

См. также в других словарях:

  • PERRET, Auguste — (1874 1954)    Auguste Perret, the first architect to use reinforced concrete in domestic architecture, was born in Belgium and worked mostly around Paris. Béton armé, or ferro cement, a concrete threaded with steel, was introduced by François… …   Historical Dictionary of Architecture

  • Perret, Auguste — ▪ French architect born Feb. 12, 1874, near Brussels, Belg. died Feb. 25, 1954, Paris, Fr.  French architect notable for his pioneering contributions to the vocabulary of reinforced concrete construction.       He was the son of Claude Marie… …   Universalium

  • Perret, Auguste — (1874 1954)    architect    Born in Ixelles, Belgium, Auguste Perret, who became one of the most important pioneers of modern French architecture, was the son of a Communard exile. He enrolled in the École des beaux arts in Paris, where he… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Perret, Auguste — ► (1874 1954) Arquitecto francés. Construyó el teatro de los Campos Elíseos …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Perret — Perret, Auguste …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Auguste Perret — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Auguste Perret (1874 1954) fue un arquitecto francés. Nació en Bruselas. Estudió arquitectura en la Escuela de Bellas Artes de París y comenzó a trabajar después en la empresa de construcción de su padre,… …   Wikipedia Español

  • PERRET (A.) — PERRET AUGUSTE (1874 1954) Pendant la période où l’apparition de nouveaux matériaux a été déterminante pour l’avènement d’une architecture moderne, un rôle éminent revient à Auguste Perret qui a donné au béton armé un style architectural. Petit… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Perret — (Auguste) (1874 1954) architecte français. En association avec ses frères Gustave (1876 1952) et Claude (1880 1960), il utilisa le premier le béton: maison du 25 bis, rue Franklin à Paris (1902 1903); théâtre des Champs élysées (1911 1913), etc …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Auguste Perret — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Perret. Auguste Perret Buste d Auguste Perret par Antoine Bourdelle, 1921, salle Cortot à Paris …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Auguste Perret — Auguste Perrets Büste Auguste Perret (* 12. Februar 1874 in Ixelles/Elsene in Belgien; † 27. August 1954 in Paris) war ein französischer Architekt, Bau Unternehmer und Stadtplaner. Er galt als ein Meister des Eisenbetonbaus …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Auguste Perret — (February 12, 1874 February 25, 1954) was a French architect and a world leader and specialist in reinforced concrete construction. In 2005 his post WWII reconstruction of Le Havre was declared by UNESCO one of the World Heritage Sites.He was… …   Wikipedia