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One who strikes with his heels

  • 1 calcitro

    1.
    calcĭtro, āre, v. n. [1 calx].
    I.
    Lit., to strike with the heels, to kick, of animals (very rare), Plin. 30, 16, 53, § 149; cf. calcitratus.—
    B.
    Trop, to resist, to be stubborn or refractory: calcitrat, respuit, * Cic. Cael. 15, 36.—
    C.
    Prov.:

    calcitrare contra stimulum,

    to kick against the pricks, Amm. 18, 5, 1; Vulg. Act. 9, 5; 26, 14; cf. 1. calx. —
    * II.
    In gen., to strike convulsively with the feet, of one dying, Ov M. 12, 240.
    2.
    calcĭtro, ōnis, m. [1. calcitro].
    I.
    One who strikes with his heels, a kicker: equus mordax, calcitro, Varr. ap. Non. p. 45, 2 (Sat. Men. 81, 3).—
    II.
    Of men, a boisterous fellow, a blusterer, Plaut. As. 2, 3, 11.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > calcitro

  • 2 calcitrō

        calcitrō —, —, āre    [1 calx], to kick, O.—Fig., to resist, be refractory: calcitrat, respuit.
    * * *
    I
    calcitrare, calcitravi, calcitratus V INTRANS
    kick with heels, kick; be refractory; resist; kick convulsively (dying)
    II
    one that kicks/is inclined to kick with heels, kicker

    Latin-English dictionary > calcitrō

  • 3 calcitratus

    Latin-English dictionary > calcitratus

  • 4 calcitrosus

    I
    calcitrosa, calcitrosum ADJ
    inclined/apt to kick with heels, kicking
    II
    one inclined/apt to kick with heels, kicker

    Latin-English dictionary > calcitrosus

  • 5 caput

        caput itis, n    [CAP-], the head: Capillus circum caput Reiectus, T.: caput obnubito, L.: capitis nives, H.: capite operto: aperire: velare, L.: abscindere cervicibus: capite demisso: attollere, O.: extollere, to become bold: breve (equi), H.: coronatum (bovis), Tb.: per caput pedesque ire, heels over head, Ct.: dux cum exercitu supra caput est, i. e. is ready to fall upon us, S.: capita conferre, to lay heads together, i. e. to confer in secret, L.: caput aut collum petere, strike at the vital parts: haec alias inter caput extulit urbes, towers, i. e. excels, V.: aliena negotia Per caput saliunt, run through the head, i. e. the mind, H.: capitis labor, mental exertion, H. — Meton., the head, top, summit, point, end, extremity: iocur sine capite (of a sacrifice), L.: in extis, O.: tignorum, Cs.: cornu duxit, donec curvata coirent capita, the ends, V. — The origin, source, spring, head (of a river), L.: caput unde erumpit Enipeus, V.: celsis caput urbibus exit, my source springs among great cities, V.—The mouth, embouchure (rare): multis capitibus in Oceanum influit, Cs.—Of plants: diducere terram ad capita, the roots, V.: papavera demisere caput, the heads, V.: capitum iugatio, branches (of the vine). — Of mountains, the summit: capita aspera montis, V. — Of persons, a head, person: ridiculum caput! T.: carum, V.: duo haec capita taeterrima: ignota, L.: di capiti ipsius reservent, for himself, V.: capiti cane talia Dardanio rebusque tuis, i. e. for Aeneas and yourself, V.: Perfidum, H.: de sacrando cum bonis capite alcuius, L.: ut caput Iovi sacraretur, L.—With numerals: capitum Helvetiorum milia CCLXIII, souls, Cs.: nullum caput Proserpina fugit, H.: in capita, to each person, L.; cf. sus Triginta capitum fetūs enixa, V.—Fig., life, physical life: Capitis periculum adire, to risk life, T.: caput obiectare periclis, V.: capitis poena, capital punishment, Cs.: certamen capitis et famae: ut capite dimices tuo, L.: caput offerre pro patriā: patrium tibi crede caput (i. e. patris vitam), O.: accusatus capitis absolvitur, of a capital crime, N.: Sthenium capite damnare.—Civil life, personality, civil rights, liberty and citizenship: capitis causae, involving citizenship: iudicium capitis: capitis deminutio, loss of civil rights, Cs.—Poet.: capitis minor, H.—Of persons, a leader, chief, guide: concitandorum Graecorum: capita nominis Latini, heads, chiefs, L.: ut se Suevorum caput credant, chief tribe, Ta.: capita coniurationis securi percussi, L.: illic est huic rei caput, author, contriver, T.: ab illo fonte et capite Socrate: corpori valido caput deerat, leader, L.: ipsum Expugnare caput, the great man himself, H. —A head, chief, capital: Thebae totius Graeciae, first city, N.: Roma, orbis terrarum, L.: castellum eius regionis, principal place, L.: Romam caput Latio esse, L.: ius nigrum, cenae caput, principal dish: fundus, vestrae pecuniae, chief source of income: caput esse artis, decere, the note, characteristic: ad consilium de re p. dandum caput est nosse rem p., first qualification: caput litterarum cum alquo, reason for corresponding: Epicuri, chief dogma: caput belli et summa, V.—In writings, a division, paragraph, chapter: legis: caput Annianum de hereditatibus, passage in the will of A.— Of money, the principal sum, capital, stock: quibus ille de capite dempsisset, reduced their debts: de capite deducite alqd, L.: Quinas hic capiti mercedes exsecet, extort sixty per centum, H.
    * * *
    head; person; life; leader; top; source/mouth (river); capital (punishment); heading; chapter, principal division

    Latin-English dictionary > caput

  • 6 occupō

        occupō āvī, ātus, āre    [ob+CAP-], to take into possession, seize, occupy, master, win: Italiam praesidiis: opportunae ad occupandum urbes, L.: portum, H.: tyrannidem: a potentioribus regna occupabantur, chieftains were aiming at, Cs.: Occupat amplexu, clasps, O.—To occupy, cover, take up, fill: quantum loci acies occupare poterat, Cs.: urbem (sc. aedificiis), L.: caementis mare, H.— To fall upon, attack: Latagum saxo os faciemque, strikes (in) the face, V.: Occupat hos morsu, longis complexibus illos, O.: manicis iacentem, fetters while prostrate, V.: Volteium Vilia vendentem, surprise, H.—To get the start of, be before-hand with, anticipate, do first, outstrip: egressas rates, O.: bellum facere, begin the war first, L.: rapere oscula, H.— To hinder: profluvium sanguinis occupat secantes, Cu.—Fig., to seize, take possession of, fill, invade, overspread, engross: mors ipsam occupat, T.: quae (tenebrae) totam rem p. tum occuparant: timor exercitum occupavit, Cs.: oculos nox occupat, are darkened, O.: fama occupat aurīs, V.—To gain, win, acquire: militarem gloriam, Ta.: obscuri speciem, pass for reserved, H.—To take up, fill, occupy, employ: tres et sexaginta annos aeque multa volumina occupasse mihi, L.: in funambulo Animum, T.: pecuniam adulescentulo grandi fenore occupavisti, invested at high interest: occupatur animus ab iracundiā: occupatus certamine est animus, L.
    * * *
    occupare, occupavi, occupatus V
    seize; gain; overtake; capture, occupy; attack

    Latin-English dictionary > occupō

  • 7 offendō

        offendō fendī, fēnsus, ere    [ob+fendo], to hit, thrust, strike, dash against: latus vehementer: caput, L.: offenso pede, having stumbled, O.: in scopulis offendit puppis, strikes on, O.: in redeundo, run aground, Cs.: solido, bite a stone, H.—To hit upon, light upon, come upon, meet with, find, catch: te hic, Enn. ap. C.: imparatum te, come upon you unawares: nondum perfectum templum: omnia aliter ac iusserat offendit.—Fig., to suffer damage, receive an injury: qui in tantis tenebris nihil offendat: in causis.—To stumble, blunder, make a mistake, commit a fault, offend, be offensive: sin quid offenderit, sibi totum, tibi nihil offenderit: apud honestos homines, give offence to: neque in eo solum offenderat, quod, etc., N.—To find fault, be displeased, take offence: si in me aliquid offendistis.—To fail, miscarry, be defeated, suffer misfortune, be unfortunate: apud iudices, lose his cause: primo accessu ad Africam, i. e. met with disaster, L.: si aliquid esset offensum: quo (casu) in milibus passuum tribus offendi posset, a disaster might occur, Cs.—To trespass upon, shock, offend, vex, displease, repel, disgust: Divitiaci animum, Cs.: tuas aurīs: neminem umquam non re, non verbo offendit: hi sermones tuam existimationem non offendunt, injure: si non offenderet unum Quemque limae labor, H.: offendere tot caligas, tot Milia clavorum, provoke, Iu.: multis rebus meus offendebatur animus, was hurt: fidis offendi medicis, H.: ut non offendar subripi (ista munera), am not offended at the loss of, Ph.
    * * *
    offendere, offendi, offensus V
    offend, hurt (feelings)

    Latin-English dictionary > offendō

  • 8 pēs

        pēs pedis, m    [PED-], a foot: nudus, T.: pedibus aeger, S.: si pes condoluit: pede tellurem pulsare, i. e. dance, H.: cycnum pedibus uncis Sustulit, talons, V.: pedum digiti, toes, O.: numquam huc tetulissem pedem, would have come hither, T.: Nusquam pedem (sc. feram), I won't stir a step, T.: pedem ferre, go, V.: si in fundo pedem posuisses, set foot: profugum referre pedem, return, O.: magis pedem conferre, come to closer quarters: ut prope conlato pede gereretur res, almost hand to hand, L.: votis malignum Opponit nostris pedem, sets her foot against (of Fortune), O.: retrahitque pedem simul unda relabens, V.: ego me in pedes (dedi), took to my heels, T.— Abl plur. (rarely sing.), of motion, afoot, on foot, marching, walking: pedibus vincere, in running, O.: cum ingressus iter pedibus sit: pedibus compensari pecuniam, i. e. the long walk to the property makes up for its cheapness: ut omnes pedibus mererent, serve as infantry, L.: cum illud iter pedibus confici soleat, by land: quod flumen pedibus transiri potest, be forded, Cs.: in quam sententiam cum pedibus iretur, i. e. when a division was taken on this question, L.: cum omnes in sententiam eius pedibus irent, voted for his resolution, L.: Quo bene coepisti, sic pede semper eas, O.: tua dexter adi pede sacra secundo, expressive of favor, V.: Ripa felici tacta sit pede, propitious, O.: quid tam dextro pede concipis, etc., auspiciously (the right foot being associated with good omens), Iu.— Acc plur. with ad: ad pedes descensum ab Romanis est, the Romans dismounted, L.: magnā ex parte ad pedes pugna venerat, mainly an infantry fight, L.: ad pedes omnium singillatim accidente Clodio, supplicating each: vos ad pedes lenonis proiecistis: cui cum se maesta turba ad pedes provolvisset, L.— In expression of subjection or inferiority: servus a pedibus, footman: Omnia sub pedibus vertique regique, under their sway, V.: duas urbīs sub pedibus tuis relinquemus, L.: Sub pedibus timor est, is spurned, O.—In the phrase, pedibus trahi, to be dragged by the heels, go to the dogs: trahantur per me pedibus omnes rei.—In the phrase, ante pedes, before the feet, in plain view, evident: quod ante pedes est, Videre, T.: eos ante pedes suos iugulari coëgit.—In phrases with caput: tuas res ita contractas, ut nec caput nec pedes (habeant), i. e. neither beginning nor end: ut nec pes nec caput uni Reddatur formae, i. e. the several parts, H.—In the phrase, manibus pedibus, with might and main: Conari manibus pedibus noctīsque et dies, T.—Meton., of a couch or table, a foot, leg, prop: Lectuli pedes, T.: mensae, O.: grabati, a handle, Ct.—In navigation, a sheet, sail-rope: pede labitur aequo, i. e. before the wind, O.: pedibus aequis: unā omnes fecere pedem, i. e. let out the sheet, V.—In verse, a foot: herous: pedibus claudere verba, to make verses, H.: Musa per undenos emodulanda pedes, in hexameters and pentameters, O.: extremum seu trahat pedem, i. e. limps (of the choliambus), O.— A kind of verse, measure: Et pede, quo debent acria bella geri, O.: Lesbius, H. —As a measure, a foot: intervallum pedum duorum, Cs.: pedem discessisse: pede suo se metiri, by his own foot-rule, i. e. by his own abilities, H.
    * * *

    Latin-English dictionary > pēs

  • 9 sollicitō (sōli-)

        sollicitō (sōli-) āvī, ātus, āre    [sollicitus], to disturb, stir, agitate, move, shake: tellurem, i. e. to plough, V.: remis freta, V.: stamina docto Pollice, strikes the strings, O.: Maenalias feras, hunt, O.: mala copia Aegrum sollicitat stomachum, distresses, H.: manes, disturb (of Boreas), O.—Fig., to disturb, disquiet, worry, trouble, harass: ne se sollicitare velis, O.: rebellando nos, L.: quietae civitatis statum, L.: ea cura quietos (deos) Sollicitat, V.: Parce, precor, manes sollicitare meos, O.— To fill with apprehension, make anxious, make uneasy, disturb, distress: Ego id timeo? Ph. Quid te ergo aliud sollicitat? T.: multa sunt quae me sollicitant anguntque: ne cuius metu sollicitaret animos sociorum, L.: Desiderantem, quod satis est, neque Tumultuosum sollicitat mare, Nec, etc., H.: de posteris nostris sollicitor: Quibus nunc sollicitor rebus! ne aut ille alserit, etc., in fear, lest, etc., T.: me illa cura sollicitat, quod, etc.— To grieve, afflict, make wretched, distress: Quor meam senectutem huius sollicito amentiā? make my old age miserable, T.: nihil me magis sollicitabat quam non me ridere tecum.— To stir, rouse, excite, incite, stimulate, solicit, urge, invite, exhort, move: Unicus est de quo sollicitamur honor, O.: Cupidinem Lentum sollicitas, H.: Cum rapiant mala fata bonos... Sollicitor nullos esse putare deos, O.: maritum precibus, ne, etc., O.—Esp., to incite, urge to evil, inveigle, seduce, stimulate, instigate, provoke, tempt, abet: rursus agrarios: quos ex aere alieno laborare arbitrabatur, sollicitabat, Cs.: ingentibus ipsam Sollicitare datis, O.: Sollicitati dulcedine agrariae legis animi, L.: ad sollicitandas civitates, to incite to revolt, Cs.: servitia urbana, S.: omnes sollicitatos legationibus Persei, sed egregie in fide permanere, L.: qui Persas sollicitarent mittuntur, Cu.: hos (Hilotas) spe libertatis, N.: nuptae sollicitare fidem, to attempt, O.: in servis ad hospitem necandum sollicitandis: se sollicitatum esse ut regnare vellet: legati tumultūs Gallici excitandi causā a P. Lentulo sollicitati.

    Latin-English dictionary > sollicitō (sōli-)

  • 10 adflictrix

    I
    (gen.), adflictricis ADJ
    that strikes against/down/overthrows or collides with
    II
    one (female) who strikes against/down/overthrows

    Latin-English dictionary > adflictrix

  • 11 afflictrix

    I
    (gen.), afflictricis ADJ
    that strikes against/down/overthrows or collides with (female)
    II
    one (female) who strikes against/down/overthrows

    Latin-English dictionary > afflictrix

  • 12 addico

    ad-dīco, xi, ctum, 3, v. a. ( imp. addice, for addic, Plaut. Poen. 2, 50;

    addixti,

    Mart. 12, 16), orig., to give one's assent to a thing (“addicere est proprie idem dicere et approbare dicendo,” Fest. p. 13 Müll.), in its lit. signif. belonging only to augural and judicial language (opp. abdĭco).
    I.
    Of a favorable omen, to be propitious to, to favor, usually with aves as subj., and without obj.:

    cum sacellorum exaugurationes admitterent aves, in Termini fano non addixere,

    Liv. 1, 55, 3; so,

    Fabio auspicanti aves semel atque iterum non addixerunt,

    id. 27, 16, 15; also with auspicium as subj.:

    addicentibus auspiciis vocat contionem,

    Tac. A. 2, 14; cf. Drak. Liv. 1, 36, 3; 27, 16, 15.—And with acc. of obj.:

    illum quem aves addixerant,

    Fest. p. 241 Müll.—In judicial lang.: alicui aliquid or aliquem, to award or adjudge any thing to one, to sentence; hence Festus, with reference to the adjudged or condemned person, says:

    “alias addicere damnare est,” p. 13 Müll.: ubi in jus venerit, addicet praetor familiam totam tibi,

    Plaut. Poen. 1, 1, 57:

    bona alicui,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 52:

    addictus erat tibi?

    had he been declared bound to you for payment? id. Rosc. Com. 14, 41; hence ironic.: Fufidium... creditorem debitoribus suis addixisti, you have adjudged the creditor to his debtors (instead of the reverse), id. Pis. 35:

    liberum corpus in servitutem,

    Liv. 3, 56.—Hence subst., addictus, i, m., one who has been given up or made over as servant to his creditor:

    ducite nos quo jubet, tamquam quidem addictos,

    Plaut. Bacch. 5, 2, 87:

    addictus Hermippo et ab hoc ductus est,

    Cic. Fl. 20 extr.; cf. Liv. 6, 15, 20. (The addictus, bondman, was not properly a slave = servus, for he retained his nomen, cognomen, his tribus, which the servus did not have; he could become free again by cancelling the demand, even against the will of his dominus; the servus could not; the addictus, when set free, was also again ingenuus, the servus only libertinus; v. Quint. 7, 3, 27. The inhuman law of the Twelve Tables, which, however, was never put in execution, that one indebted to several creditors should be cut in pieces and divided among them, is mentioned by Gell. 20, 1: Niebuhr, Rom. Gesch. 1, 638;

    Smith's Antiq.): addicere alicui judicium,

    to grant one leave to bring an action, Varr. L. L. 6, § 61 Müll.: addicere litem, sc. judici, to deliver a cause to the judge. This was the office of the praetor. Such is the purport of the law of XII. Tab. Tab. I.: POST MERIDIEM PRAESENTI STLITEM ADDICITO, ap. Gell. 17, 2:

    judicem or arbitrum (instead of dare judicium),

    to appoint for one a judge in his suit, Dig. 5, 1, 39, 46 and 80: addicere aliquid in diem, to adjudge a thing to one ad interim, so that, upon a change of circumstances, the matter in question shall be restored in integrum, Dig. 18, 2; 6, 1, 41; 39, 3, 9.—
    B.
    In auctions, to adjudge to the highest bidder, knock down, strike off, deliver to (with the price in abl.): ecquis est ex tanto populo, qui bona C. Rabirii Postumi [p. 31] nummo sestertio sibi addici velit, Cic. Rab. Post. 17; so id. Verr. 2, 1, 55; Suet. Caes. 50.—Addicere bona alicujus in publicum, i. e. to confiscate, Caes. B. C. 2, 18;

    hence in Plaut., of a parasite, who strikes himself off, as it were, i. e. promises himself to one as guest, on condition that he does not in the mean time have a higher bid, i. e. is not attracted to another by a better table,

    Plaut. Capt. 1, 2, 76 sq. —
    C.
    In gen., to sell, to make over to:

    addice tuam mihi meretricem,

    Plaut. Poen. 2, 50:

    hominem invenire neminem potuit, cui meas aedes addiceret, traderet, donaret, Auct. Or. pro Dom. 41. Antonius regna addixit pecunia,

    Cic. Phil. 7, 5, 15; so Hor. S. 2, 5, 109.—In a metaph. signif.,
    D.
    To deliver, yield, or resign a thing to one, either in a good or a bad sense.
    a.
    In a good sense, to devote, to consecrate to:

    senatus, cui me semper addixi,

    Cic. Planc. 39, 93:

    agros omnes addixit deae,

    Vell. 2, 25;

    hence, morti addicere,

    to devote to death, Cic. Off. 3, 10, 45:

    nolite... omnem Galliam prosternere et perpetuae servituti addicere,

    to devote to perpetual slavery, Caes. B. G. 7, 77.—
    b.
    In a bad sense, to give up, to sacrifice, to abandon (very freq.);

    ejus ipsius domum evertisti, cujus sanguinem addixeras,

    Cic. Pis. 34, 83:

    libidini cujusque nos addixit,

    id. Phil. 5, 12, 33; so id. Mil. 32; id. Sest. 17; id. Quint. 30; hence poet.:

    quid faciat? crudele, suos addicere amores,

    to sacrifice, to surrender his love, Ov. M. 1, 617 (where some read wrongly abdicere).—
    E.
    In later Latin, to attribute or ascribe a work to one:

    quae (comoediae) nomini eius (Plauti) addicuntur,

    Gell. 3, 3, 13.—Hence, addic-tus, P. a. (after II. D.), dedicated or devoted to a thing; hence,
    a.
    Destined to:

    gladiatorio generi mortis addictus,

    Cic. Phil. 11, 7, 16; cf. Hor. Epod. 17, 11.—
    b.
    Given up to, bound to:

    qui certis quibusdam destinatisque sententiis quasi addicti et consecrati sunt,

    Cic. Tusc. 2, 2, 5:

    nullius addictus jurare in verba magistri,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 1, 14:

    Prasinae factioni addictus et deditus,

    Suet. Cal. 55.— Comp., sup., and adv. not used.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > addico

  • 13 calcis

    1.
    calx, calcis, f. (m., Pers. 3, 105 dub.; Sil. 7, 696; cf. App. M. 7, p. 483 Oud.; Pers. 3, 105; Grat. Cyn. 278. Whether Lucil. ap. Charis, p. 72 P. belongs here or to 2. calx is undecided) [Sanscr. kar-, wound, kill; akin with lax, calcar, calceus], the heel.
    I.
    Lit.:

    calces deteris,

    you tread on my heels, Plaut. Merc. 5, 2, 111:

    quod si ipsa animi vis In capite aut umeris aut imis calcibus esse Posset,

    Lucr. 3, 792; 5, 136: incursare pug nis, calcibus, pux kai lax, Plaut. Poen. 4, 1, 3; Ter. Eun. 2, 2, 53:

    certare pugnis, calcibus, unguibus,

    Cic. Tusc. 5, 27, 77:

    uti pugnis et calcibus,

    id. Sull. 25, 71:

    concisus pugnis et calcibus,

    id. Verr. 2, 3, 23, § 56:

    subsellium calce premere,

    Auct. Her. 4, 55, 68:

    ferire pugno vel calce,

    Quint. 2, 8, 13:

    quadrupedemque citum ferratā (al. ferrato) calce fatigat,

    Verg. A. 11, 714:

    nudā calce vexare ilia equi,

    Stat. S. 5, 2, 115; Sil. 7, 697; 13, 169; 17, 541:

    nudis calcibus anguem premere,

    Juv. 1, 43.—Also of the heels of animals, Varr. R. R. 2, 5, 8; Col. 8, 2, 8:

    quadrupes calcibus auras Verberat,

    Verg. A. 10, 892.—Hence, caedere calcibus, to kick, laktizô, Plaut. Poen. 3, 3, 71:

    calce petere aliquem,

    to kick, Hor. S. 2, 1, 55:

    ferire,

    Ov. F. 3, 755:

    extundere frontem,

    Phaedr. 1, 21, 9:

    calces remittere,

    to kick, Nep. Eum. 5, 5; so,

    reicere,

    Dig. 9, 1, 5:

    aut dic aut accipe calcem,

    take a kick, Juv. 3, 295 al. —
    2.
    Prov.: adversus stimulum calces (sc. jactare, etc.) = laktizein pros kentron (Aesch Agam. 1624; Pind. Pyth. 2, 174;

    W. T. Act. 9, 5),

    to kick against the pricks, Ter. Phorm. 1, 2, 28 Don. and Ruhnk.; cf. Plaut. Truc. 4, 2, 55, and s. v. calcitro: calcem impingere alicui rei, to abandon any occupation:

    Anglice,

    to hang a thing on the nail, Petr. 46.—
    B.
    Meton. (pars pro toto), the foot, in gen.:

    calcemque terit jam calce,

    Verg. A. 5, 324 Serv. and Heyne. —
    II.
    Transf. to similar things.
    A.
    In architecture: calces scaporum, the foot of the pillars of a staircase; Fr. patin de l'échiffre, Vitr. 9, praef. § 8.—
    B.
    Calx mali, the foot of the mast, Vitr. 10, 3, 5.—
    C.
    In agriculture, the piece of wood cut off with a scion, Plin. 17, 21, 35, § 156.
    2.
    calx, calcis, f. (m., Varr. ap. Non. p. 199, 24, and Cato, R. R. 18, 7; Plaut. Poen. 4, 2, 86; dub. Cic. Tusc. 1, 8, 15; and id. Rep. Fragm. ap. Sen. Ep. 108 fin.; cf. Rudd. I. p. 37, n. 3; later collat. form calcis, is, f., Ven. Fort. Carm. 11, 11, 10) [chalix].
    I.
    Liv.
    A.
    A small stone used in gaming, a counter (less freq. than the dim. calculus, q. v.), Plaut. Poen. 4, 2, 86; Lucil. ap. Prisc. p. 687 P.; cf. Paul. ex Fest. p. 46 Müll.—
    B.
    Limestone, lime, whether slaked or not, Lucr. 6, 1067; Cic. Mil. 27, 74:

    viva,

    unslaked, quicklime, Vitr. 8, 7:

    coquere,

    to burn lime, Cato, R. R. 16; Vitr. 2, 5, 1: exstincta, slaked, id. l. l.:

    macerata,

    id. 7, 2; Plin. 36, 23, 55, § 177:

    harenatus,

    mixed with sand, mortar, Cato, R. R. 18, 7:

    materies ex calce et harenā mixta,

    Vitr. 7, 3.— Since the goal or limit in the race-ground was designated by lime (as later by chalk, v. creta), calx signifies,
    II.
    Trop., the goal, end, or limit in the race-course (anciently marked with lime or chalk; opp. carceres, the starting-point; mostly ante-Aug.;

    esp. freq. in Cic.): supremae calcis spatium,

    Lucr. 6, 92 Lachm.; Sen. Ep. 108, 32; Varr. ap. Non. p. 199, 24:

    ad calcem pervenire,

    Cic. Lael. 27, 101; so,

    ad carceres a calce revocari,

    i. e. to turn back from the end to the beginning, id. Sen. 23, 83:

    nunc video calcem, ad quam (al. quem) cum sit decursum,

    id. Tusc. 1, 8, 15: ab ipsā (al. ipso) calce revocati, id. Rep. Fragm. ap. Sen. l.l.; Quint. 8, 5, 30 dub.; v. Spald. N. cr.
    b.
    Prov., of speech:

    extra calcem decurrere,

    to digress from a theme, Amm. 21, 1, 14.—
    B.
    In gen., the end, conclusion of a page, book, or writing (mostly post-class.):

    si tamen in clausulā et calce pronuntietur sententia,

    Quint. 8, 5, 30:

    in calce epistulae,

    Hier. Ep. 9; 26 fin.; 84 init.: in calce libri, id. Vit. St. Hil. fin.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > calcis

  • 14 calx

    1.
    calx, calcis, f. (m., Pers. 3, 105 dub.; Sil. 7, 696; cf. App. M. 7, p. 483 Oud.; Pers. 3, 105; Grat. Cyn. 278. Whether Lucil. ap. Charis, p. 72 P. belongs here or to 2. calx is undecided) [Sanscr. kar-, wound, kill; akin with lax, calcar, calceus], the heel.
    I.
    Lit.:

    calces deteris,

    you tread on my heels, Plaut. Merc. 5, 2, 111:

    quod si ipsa animi vis In capite aut umeris aut imis calcibus esse Posset,

    Lucr. 3, 792; 5, 136: incursare pug nis, calcibus, pux kai lax, Plaut. Poen. 4, 1, 3; Ter. Eun. 2, 2, 53:

    certare pugnis, calcibus, unguibus,

    Cic. Tusc. 5, 27, 77:

    uti pugnis et calcibus,

    id. Sull. 25, 71:

    concisus pugnis et calcibus,

    id. Verr. 2, 3, 23, § 56:

    subsellium calce premere,

    Auct. Her. 4, 55, 68:

    ferire pugno vel calce,

    Quint. 2, 8, 13:

    quadrupedemque citum ferratā (al. ferrato) calce fatigat,

    Verg. A. 11, 714:

    nudā calce vexare ilia equi,

    Stat. S. 5, 2, 115; Sil. 7, 697; 13, 169; 17, 541:

    nudis calcibus anguem premere,

    Juv. 1, 43.—Also of the heels of animals, Varr. R. R. 2, 5, 8; Col. 8, 2, 8:

    quadrupes calcibus auras Verberat,

    Verg. A. 10, 892.—Hence, caedere calcibus, to kick, laktizô, Plaut. Poen. 3, 3, 71:

    calce petere aliquem,

    to kick, Hor. S. 2, 1, 55:

    ferire,

    Ov. F. 3, 755:

    extundere frontem,

    Phaedr. 1, 21, 9:

    calces remittere,

    to kick, Nep. Eum. 5, 5; so,

    reicere,

    Dig. 9, 1, 5:

    aut dic aut accipe calcem,

    take a kick, Juv. 3, 295 al. —
    2.
    Prov.: adversus stimulum calces (sc. jactare, etc.) = laktizein pros kentron (Aesch Agam. 1624; Pind. Pyth. 2, 174;

    W. T. Act. 9, 5),

    to kick against the pricks, Ter. Phorm. 1, 2, 28 Don. and Ruhnk.; cf. Plaut. Truc. 4, 2, 55, and s. v. calcitro: calcem impingere alicui rei, to abandon any occupation:

    Anglice,

    to hang a thing on the nail, Petr. 46.—
    B.
    Meton. (pars pro toto), the foot, in gen.:

    calcemque terit jam calce,

    Verg. A. 5, 324 Serv. and Heyne. —
    II.
    Transf. to similar things.
    A.
    In architecture: calces scaporum, the foot of the pillars of a staircase; Fr. patin de l'échiffre, Vitr. 9, praef. § 8.—
    B.
    Calx mali, the foot of the mast, Vitr. 10, 3, 5.—
    C.
    In agriculture, the piece of wood cut off with a scion, Plin. 17, 21, 35, § 156.
    2.
    calx, calcis, f. (m., Varr. ap. Non. p. 199, 24, and Cato, R. R. 18, 7; Plaut. Poen. 4, 2, 86; dub. Cic. Tusc. 1, 8, 15; and id. Rep. Fragm. ap. Sen. Ep. 108 fin.; cf. Rudd. I. p. 37, n. 3; later collat. form calcis, is, f., Ven. Fort. Carm. 11, 11, 10) [chalix].
    I.
    Liv.
    A.
    A small stone used in gaming, a counter (less freq. than the dim. calculus, q. v.), Plaut. Poen. 4, 2, 86; Lucil. ap. Prisc. p. 687 P.; cf. Paul. ex Fest. p. 46 Müll.—
    B.
    Limestone, lime, whether slaked or not, Lucr. 6, 1067; Cic. Mil. 27, 74:

    viva,

    unslaked, quicklime, Vitr. 8, 7:

    coquere,

    to burn lime, Cato, R. R. 16; Vitr. 2, 5, 1: exstincta, slaked, id. l. l.:

    macerata,

    id. 7, 2; Plin. 36, 23, 55, § 177:

    harenatus,

    mixed with sand, mortar, Cato, R. R. 18, 7:

    materies ex calce et harenā mixta,

    Vitr. 7, 3.— Since the goal or limit in the race-ground was designated by lime (as later by chalk, v. creta), calx signifies,
    II.
    Trop., the goal, end, or limit in the race-course (anciently marked with lime or chalk; opp. carceres, the starting-point; mostly ante-Aug.;

    esp. freq. in Cic.): supremae calcis spatium,

    Lucr. 6, 92 Lachm.; Sen. Ep. 108, 32; Varr. ap. Non. p. 199, 24:

    ad calcem pervenire,

    Cic. Lael. 27, 101; so,

    ad carceres a calce revocari,

    i. e. to turn back from the end to the beginning, id. Sen. 23, 83:

    nunc video calcem, ad quam (al. quem) cum sit decursum,

    id. Tusc. 1, 8, 15: ab ipsā (al. ipso) calce revocati, id. Rep. Fragm. ap. Sen. l.l.; Quint. 8, 5, 30 dub.; v. Spald. N. cr.
    b.
    Prov., of speech:

    extra calcem decurrere,

    to digress from a theme, Amm. 21, 1, 14.—
    B.
    In gen., the end, conclusion of a page, book, or writing (mostly post-class.):

    si tamen in clausulā et calce pronuntietur sententia,

    Quint. 8, 5, 30:

    in calce epistulae,

    Hier. Ep. 9; 26 fin.; 84 init.: in calce libri, id. Vit. St. Hil. fin.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > calx

  • 15 caprificus

    căprĭ-fīcus, i, f. [caper-ficus, goatfig], the wild fig-tree:

    illi ubi etiam caprificus magna est,

    Ter. Ad. 4, 2, 38; Hor. Epod. 5, 17; Prop. 4 (5), 5, 76; Plin. 16, 25, 40, § 95:

    arbor,

    id. 34, 13, 35, § 133; Mart. 10, 2, 9;

    and in a play upon the word with caper and ficus,

    Mart. 4, 52, 2. The gall-insect, Cynips psenes, Linn., springing from this tree, ripens by its sting the fruit of the cultivated fig-tree, ficus (cf. Plin. 17, 27, 44, § 256, caprifico and caprificatio); hence poet., in allusion to the fact that the wild fig-tree strikes root in the cracks of stones, etc., and breaks them, Pers. 1, 25; cf. Juv. 10, 145.—
    II.
    The fruit of the wild fig-tree, the wild fig, Col. 11, 2, 56; Plin. 11, 15, 15, § 40:

    caprificus vocatur e silvestri genere ficus numquam maturescens,

    id. 15, 19, 21, § 79.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > caprificus

  • 16 coicio

    cōnĭcĭo (also conjĭcio and cōicio; cf. Munro ad Lucr. 2, 1061; Laber. ap. Gell. 16, 7, 5), jēci, jectum, 3, v. a. (arch. temp. perf. conjexi, Plaut. Trin. 3, 2, 99) [jacio].
    I.
    To throw or bring together, to unite, = cogo, colligo.
    A.
    Lit. (very rare):

    cum semina rerum coaluerint quae, conjecta repente, etc.,

    Lucr. 2, 1061; cf. id. 2, 1073 sq.:

    palliolum in collum,

    Plaut. Ep. 2, 2, 10; id. Capt. 4, 1, 12 (cf. id. ib. 4, 2, 9:

    collecto pallio): sarcinas in medium,

    Liv. 10, 36, 1 Weissenb. (MSS. in medio); ib. § 13; 31, 27, 7: tecta, quae conjectis celeriter stramentis erant inaedificata, Auct. B. G. 8, 5. —
    B.
    Trop.
    1.
    To throw together in speaking, to dispute, contend, discuss, manage judicially (ante-class.): verba inter sese, to bandy words, Afran. ap. Non. p. 267, 28;

    so without verba: noli, mea mater, me praesente cum patre, conicere,

    id. ib. p. 267, 30;

    p. 268, 3: causam conicere hodie ad te volo (conicere, agere, Non.),

    id. ib. p. 267, 32; cf. the law formula: ante meridiem causam coiciunto, Fragm. XII. Tab. ap. Auct. Her. 2, 13, 20; and Gell. 17, 2, 10.—
    2.
    Like the Gr. sumballein (v. Lidd. and Scott in h. v. III. 2.), to put together logically, connect, unite; hence (causa pro effectu), to draw a conclusion from collected particulars, to conclude, infer, conjecture (not in Quint., who very freq. employed the synon. colligo):

    aliquid ex aliquā re,

    Lucr. 1, 751; 2, 121; Nep. Eum. 2, 2; id. Timoth. 4, 2:

    annos sexaginta natus es aut plus, ut conicio,

    Ter. Heaut. 1, 1, 11:

    quid illud mali est? nequeo satis mirari, neque conicere,

    id. Eun. 3, 4, 9:

    cito conjeci, Lanuvii te fuisse,

    Cic. Att. 14, 21, 1:

    de futuris,

    Nep. Them. 1, 4:

    quam multos esse oporteret, ex ipso navigio,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 28, § 71:

    conicito, possisne necne, etc.,

    Plaut. Cas. 1, 1, 6:

    tu conicito cetera, Quid ego ex hac inopiā capiam,

    Ter. Phorm. 1, 3, 15.—
    b.
    In partic., t. t. of the lang. of augury, to prophesy, foretell, divine from omens, signs ( a dream, oracle, etc.); to interpret an omen, a dream, an oracle, etc.:

    somnium huic,

    Plaut. Curc. 2, 2, 3:

    qui de matre suaviandā ex oraculo Apollinis tam acute arguteque conjecerit,

    Cic. Brut. 14, 53:

    male conjecta maleque interpretata falsa sunt, etc.,

    id. Div. 1, 52, 119; cf. id. ib. 2, 31, 66:

    num igitur quae tempestas impendeat vatis melius coniciet quam gubernator? etc.,

    id. ib. 2, 5, 12:

    bene qui coniciet, vatem hunc perhibebo optumum (transl. of a Greek verse),

    id. ib. 2, 5, 12; cf. conjectura, II., conjector, and conjectrix.—
    II.
    To throw, cast, urge, drive, hurl, put, place, etc., a person or thing with force, quickly, etc., to or towards; and conicere se, to betake, cast, or throw one's self hastily or in flight somewhere (very freq. and class. in prose and poetry).
    A.
    Lit.
    (α).
    With in:

    tela in nostros,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 26; 1, 46; Nep. Dat. 9, 5:

    pila in hostes,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 52: aliquem in carcerem, Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 7, § 17; id. Tusc. 1, 40, 96; Suet. Caes. 17:

    in vincula,

    Caes. B. G. 4, 27; Sall. C. 42, 3; Nep. Milt. 7 fin.; id. Paus. 3, 5; id. Pelop. 5, 1; Liv. 29, 9, 8, and id. 19, 2, 4 et saep.:

    in catenas,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 47 fin.; Liv. 29, 21, 2:

    in compedes,

    Suet. Vit. 12:

    in custodiam,

    Nep. Phoc. 3, 4; Gai Inst. 1, 13; Suet. Aug. 27 al.: incolas vivos constrictosque in flammam, Auct. B. Afr. 87; cf.:

    te in ignem,

    Plaut. Rud. 3, 4, 64:

    in eculeum,

    Cic. Tusc. 5, 5, 13:

    hostem in fugam,

    Caes. B. G. 4, 12:

    exercitum in angustias,

    Curt. 5, 3, 21:

    navem in portum (vis tempestatis),

    Cic. Inv. 2, 32, 98:

    serpentes vivas in vasa fictilia,

    Nep. Hann. 10, 4:

    cultros in guttura velleris atri,

    to thrust into, Ov. M. 7, 245; cf.:

    ferrum in guttura,

    id. ib. 3, 90:

    se in signa manipulosque,

    Caes. B. G. 6, 40:

    se in paludem,

    Liv. 1, 12, 10:

    se in sacrarium,

    Nep. Them. 8, 4:

    se in ultimam provinciam Tarsum usque,

    Cic. Att. 5, 16, 4:

    se in fugam,

    id. Cael. 26, 63; so,

    se in pedes,

    to take to one's heels, Ter. Phorm. 1, 4, 13 (cf.: se conferre in pedes, Enn. ap. Non. p. 518, 20, and Plaut. Bacch. 3, 1, 7; and:

    quin, pedes, vos in curriculum conicitis?

    id. Merc. 5, 2, 91):

    se intro,

    Lucil. 28, 47; Ter. Heaut. 2, 3, 36.—
    (β).
    With dat. (rare):

    alii spolia... Coniciunt igni,

    Verg. A. 11, 194:

    huic dea unum anguem Conicit,

    id. ib. 7, 347:

    facem juveni conjecit,

    id. ib. 7, 456:

    conjectaque vincula collo accipit,

    thrown about the neck, Ov. Tr. 4, 1, 83.—
    (γ).
    With ad:

    animus domicilia mutet ad alias animalium formas conjectus,

    removed, transposed, Sen. Ep. 88, 29.—
    (δ).
    With acc. alone (mostly poet.):

    magnus decursus aquaï Fragmina coniciens silvarum arbustaque tota,

    bearing down, prostrating, Lucr. 1, 284:

    jaculum,

    Verg. A. 9, 698:

    tela,

    Ov. M. 5, 42:

    cultros,

    id. ib. 15, 735:

    thyrsos,

    id. ib. 11, 28:

    venabula manibus,

    id. ib. 12, 454:

    domus inflammata conjectis ignibus,

    Cic. Att. 4, 3, 2:

    telum inbelle sine ictu,

    Verg. A. 2, 544.—
    (ε).
    With inter:

    jaculum inter ilia,

    Ov. M. 8, 412.—
    B.
    Trop., to bring, direct, turn, throw, urge, drive, force something eagerly, quickly to or towards, etc.
    (α).
    With in:

    aliquem in morbum ex aegritudine,

    Plaut. Poen. prol. 69:

    aliquem in laetitiam,

    Ter. Heaut. 2, 3, 51:

    (hostes) in terrorem ac tumultum,

    Liv. 34, 28, 3:

    in metum,

    id. 39, 25, 11:

    in periculum,

    Suet. Oth. 10:

    rem publicam in perturbationes,

    Cic. Fam. 12, 1, 1:

    aliquem in nuptias,

    Ter. And. 3, 4, 23; cf. id. ib. 3, 5, 14;

    4, 1, 43: (Catilinam) ex occultis insidiis in apertum latrocinium,

    Cic. Cat. 2, 1, 1:

    aliquem in tricas,

    Plaut. Pers. 5, 2, 18; Liv. 36, 12, 4:

    se in saginam ad regem aliquem,

    Plaut. Trin. 3, 2, 99: se mirificam in latebram, to fly to (in disputing), Cic. Div. 2, 20, 46:

    se in noctem,

    to commit one's self to the night, travel by night, id. Mil. 19, 49: se mente ac voluntate in versum, to devote or apply one's self with zeal to the art of poetry, id. de Or. 3, 50, 194:

    oculos in aliquem,

    id. Clu. 19, 54; id. Lael. 2, 9; Tac. H. 1, 17:

    orationem tam improbe in clarissimos viros,

    Cic. Sest. 18, 40:

    tantam pecuniam in propylaea,

    to throw away, squander, id. Off. 2, 17, 60; cf.:

    cum sestertium milies in culinam conjecisset (Apicius),

    Sen. Cons. Helv. 10, 9:

    culpam in unum vigilem,

    Liv. 5, 47, 10:

    crimina in tuam nimiam diligentiam,

    Cic. Mur. 35, 73:

    maledicta in ejus vitam,

    id. Planc. 12, 31: causas tenues simultatum in gregem locupletium, i. e. to cause, occasion, Auct. B. Alex. 49:

    crimen in quae tempora,

    Liv. 3, 24, 5:

    omen in illam provinciam,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 6, § 18.—
    (β).
    Absol.:

    oculos,

    Cic. de Or. 2, 55, 225:

    petitiones ita conjectae (the fig. taken from aiming at a thing with weapons),

    id. Cat. 1, 6, 15: in disputando conjecit illam vocem Cn. Pompeius, omnes oportere senatui dicto audientes esse, threw out or let fall, etc., Cael. ap. Cic. Fam. 8, 4, 4.—
    * (γ).
    With sub:

    id vos sub legis superbissimae vincula conicitis,

    Liv. 4, 4, 10.—
    2.
    Of a verbal bringing forward, etc., to urge, press, treat, adduce: rem ubi paciscuntur, in comitio aut in foro causam coiciunto, XII. Tab. ap. Auct. Her. 2, 13, 20: causam coicere ad te volo, Afran. ap. Non. p. 267, 32 (Com. Rel. v. 216 Rib.):

    verba inter se acrius,

    id. ib. p. 267, 27 (Com. Rel. v. 309 ib.): is cum filio Cojecerat nescio quid de ratiunculā, id. ap. Suet. Vit. Ner. 11 (Com. Rel. v. 191 ib.).—
    3.
    To throw, place, put into, include in, etc.: eum fasciculum, quo illam (epistulam) conjeceram, Cic. Att. 2, 13, 1:

    ex illo libello, qui in epistulam conjectus est,

    id. ib. 9, 13, 7:

    conjeci id (prooemium) in eum librum, quem tibi misi,

    id. ib. 16, 6, 4:

    pluraque praeterea in eandem epistulam conjeci,

    id. ib. 7, 16, 1; cf.:

    quod multos dies epistulam in manibus habui... ideo multa conjecta sunt aliud alio tempore,

    id. Q. Fr. 3, 1, 7, § 23:

    legem in decimam tabulam,

    id. Leg. 2, 25, 64; id. Caecin. 22, 63.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > coicio

  • 17 conicio

    cōnĭcĭo (also conjĭcio and cōicio; cf. Munro ad Lucr. 2, 1061; Laber. ap. Gell. 16, 7, 5), jēci, jectum, 3, v. a. (arch. temp. perf. conjexi, Plaut. Trin. 3, 2, 99) [jacio].
    I.
    To throw or bring together, to unite, = cogo, colligo.
    A.
    Lit. (very rare):

    cum semina rerum coaluerint quae, conjecta repente, etc.,

    Lucr. 2, 1061; cf. id. 2, 1073 sq.:

    palliolum in collum,

    Plaut. Ep. 2, 2, 10; id. Capt. 4, 1, 12 (cf. id. ib. 4, 2, 9:

    collecto pallio): sarcinas in medium,

    Liv. 10, 36, 1 Weissenb. (MSS. in medio); ib. § 13; 31, 27, 7: tecta, quae conjectis celeriter stramentis erant inaedificata, Auct. B. G. 8, 5. —
    B.
    Trop.
    1.
    To throw together in speaking, to dispute, contend, discuss, manage judicially (ante-class.): verba inter sese, to bandy words, Afran. ap. Non. p. 267, 28;

    so without verba: noli, mea mater, me praesente cum patre, conicere,

    id. ib. p. 267, 30;

    p. 268, 3: causam conicere hodie ad te volo (conicere, agere, Non.),

    id. ib. p. 267, 32; cf. the law formula: ante meridiem causam coiciunto, Fragm. XII. Tab. ap. Auct. Her. 2, 13, 20; and Gell. 17, 2, 10.—
    2.
    Like the Gr. sumballein (v. Lidd. and Scott in h. v. III. 2.), to put together logically, connect, unite; hence (causa pro effectu), to draw a conclusion from collected particulars, to conclude, infer, conjecture (not in Quint., who very freq. employed the synon. colligo):

    aliquid ex aliquā re,

    Lucr. 1, 751; 2, 121; Nep. Eum. 2, 2; id. Timoth. 4, 2:

    annos sexaginta natus es aut plus, ut conicio,

    Ter. Heaut. 1, 1, 11:

    quid illud mali est? nequeo satis mirari, neque conicere,

    id. Eun. 3, 4, 9:

    cito conjeci, Lanuvii te fuisse,

    Cic. Att. 14, 21, 1:

    de futuris,

    Nep. Them. 1, 4:

    quam multos esse oporteret, ex ipso navigio,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 28, § 71:

    conicito, possisne necne, etc.,

    Plaut. Cas. 1, 1, 6:

    tu conicito cetera, Quid ego ex hac inopiā capiam,

    Ter. Phorm. 1, 3, 15.—
    b.
    In partic., t. t. of the lang. of augury, to prophesy, foretell, divine from omens, signs ( a dream, oracle, etc.); to interpret an omen, a dream, an oracle, etc.:

    somnium huic,

    Plaut. Curc. 2, 2, 3:

    qui de matre suaviandā ex oraculo Apollinis tam acute arguteque conjecerit,

    Cic. Brut. 14, 53:

    male conjecta maleque interpretata falsa sunt, etc.,

    id. Div. 1, 52, 119; cf. id. ib. 2, 31, 66:

    num igitur quae tempestas impendeat vatis melius coniciet quam gubernator? etc.,

    id. ib. 2, 5, 12:

    bene qui coniciet, vatem hunc perhibebo optumum (transl. of a Greek verse),

    id. ib. 2, 5, 12; cf. conjectura, II., conjector, and conjectrix.—
    II.
    To throw, cast, urge, drive, hurl, put, place, etc., a person or thing with force, quickly, etc., to or towards; and conicere se, to betake, cast, or throw one's self hastily or in flight somewhere (very freq. and class. in prose and poetry).
    A.
    Lit.
    (α).
    With in:

    tela in nostros,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 26; 1, 46; Nep. Dat. 9, 5:

    pila in hostes,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 52: aliquem in carcerem, Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 7, § 17; id. Tusc. 1, 40, 96; Suet. Caes. 17:

    in vincula,

    Caes. B. G. 4, 27; Sall. C. 42, 3; Nep. Milt. 7 fin.; id. Paus. 3, 5; id. Pelop. 5, 1; Liv. 29, 9, 8, and id. 19, 2, 4 et saep.:

    in catenas,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 47 fin.; Liv. 29, 21, 2:

    in compedes,

    Suet. Vit. 12:

    in custodiam,

    Nep. Phoc. 3, 4; Gai Inst. 1, 13; Suet. Aug. 27 al.: incolas vivos constrictosque in flammam, Auct. B. Afr. 87; cf.:

    te in ignem,

    Plaut. Rud. 3, 4, 64:

    in eculeum,

    Cic. Tusc. 5, 5, 13:

    hostem in fugam,

    Caes. B. G. 4, 12:

    exercitum in angustias,

    Curt. 5, 3, 21:

    navem in portum (vis tempestatis),

    Cic. Inv. 2, 32, 98:

    serpentes vivas in vasa fictilia,

    Nep. Hann. 10, 4:

    cultros in guttura velleris atri,

    to thrust into, Ov. M. 7, 245; cf.:

    ferrum in guttura,

    id. ib. 3, 90:

    se in signa manipulosque,

    Caes. B. G. 6, 40:

    se in paludem,

    Liv. 1, 12, 10:

    se in sacrarium,

    Nep. Them. 8, 4:

    se in ultimam provinciam Tarsum usque,

    Cic. Att. 5, 16, 4:

    se in fugam,

    id. Cael. 26, 63; so,

    se in pedes,

    to take to one's heels, Ter. Phorm. 1, 4, 13 (cf.: se conferre in pedes, Enn. ap. Non. p. 518, 20, and Plaut. Bacch. 3, 1, 7; and:

    quin, pedes, vos in curriculum conicitis?

    id. Merc. 5, 2, 91):

    se intro,

    Lucil. 28, 47; Ter. Heaut. 2, 3, 36.—
    (β).
    With dat. (rare):

    alii spolia... Coniciunt igni,

    Verg. A. 11, 194:

    huic dea unum anguem Conicit,

    id. ib. 7, 347:

    facem juveni conjecit,

    id. ib. 7, 456:

    conjectaque vincula collo accipit,

    thrown about the neck, Ov. Tr. 4, 1, 83.—
    (γ).
    With ad:

    animus domicilia mutet ad alias animalium formas conjectus,

    removed, transposed, Sen. Ep. 88, 29.—
    (δ).
    With acc. alone (mostly poet.):

    magnus decursus aquaï Fragmina coniciens silvarum arbustaque tota,

    bearing down, prostrating, Lucr. 1, 284:

    jaculum,

    Verg. A. 9, 698:

    tela,

    Ov. M. 5, 42:

    cultros,

    id. ib. 15, 735:

    thyrsos,

    id. ib. 11, 28:

    venabula manibus,

    id. ib. 12, 454:

    domus inflammata conjectis ignibus,

    Cic. Att. 4, 3, 2:

    telum inbelle sine ictu,

    Verg. A. 2, 544.—
    (ε).
    With inter:

    jaculum inter ilia,

    Ov. M. 8, 412.—
    B.
    Trop., to bring, direct, turn, throw, urge, drive, force something eagerly, quickly to or towards, etc.
    (α).
    With in:

    aliquem in morbum ex aegritudine,

    Plaut. Poen. prol. 69:

    aliquem in laetitiam,

    Ter. Heaut. 2, 3, 51:

    (hostes) in terrorem ac tumultum,

    Liv. 34, 28, 3:

    in metum,

    id. 39, 25, 11:

    in periculum,

    Suet. Oth. 10:

    rem publicam in perturbationes,

    Cic. Fam. 12, 1, 1:

    aliquem in nuptias,

    Ter. And. 3, 4, 23; cf. id. ib. 3, 5, 14;

    4, 1, 43: (Catilinam) ex occultis insidiis in apertum latrocinium,

    Cic. Cat. 2, 1, 1:

    aliquem in tricas,

    Plaut. Pers. 5, 2, 18; Liv. 36, 12, 4:

    se in saginam ad regem aliquem,

    Plaut. Trin. 3, 2, 99: se mirificam in latebram, to fly to (in disputing), Cic. Div. 2, 20, 46:

    se in noctem,

    to commit one's self to the night, travel by night, id. Mil. 19, 49: se mente ac voluntate in versum, to devote or apply one's self with zeal to the art of poetry, id. de Or. 3, 50, 194:

    oculos in aliquem,

    id. Clu. 19, 54; id. Lael. 2, 9; Tac. H. 1, 17:

    orationem tam improbe in clarissimos viros,

    Cic. Sest. 18, 40:

    tantam pecuniam in propylaea,

    to throw away, squander, id. Off. 2, 17, 60; cf.:

    cum sestertium milies in culinam conjecisset (Apicius),

    Sen. Cons. Helv. 10, 9:

    culpam in unum vigilem,

    Liv. 5, 47, 10:

    crimina in tuam nimiam diligentiam,

    Cic. Mur. 35, 73:

    maledicta in ejus vitam,

    id. Planc. 12, 31: causas tenues simultatum in gregem locupletium, i. e. to cause, occasion, Auct. B. Alex. 49:

    crimen in quae tempora,

    Liv. 3, 24, 5:

    omen in illam provinciam,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 6, § 18.—
    (β).
    Absol.:

    oculos,

    Cic. de Or. 2, 55, 225:

    petitiones ita conjectae (the fig. taken from aiming at a thing with weapons),

    id. Cat. 1, 6, 15: in disputando conjecit illam vocem Cn. Pompeius, omnes oportere senatui dicto audientes esse, threw out or let fall, etc., Cael. ap. Cic. Fam. 8, 4, 4.—
    * (γ).
    With sub:

    id vos sub legis superbissimae vincula conicitis,

    Liv. 4, 4, 10.—
    2.
    Of a verbal bringing forward, etc., to urge, press, treat, adduce: rem ubi paciscuntur, in comitio aut in foro causam coiciunto, XII. Tab. ap. Auct. Her. 2, 13, 20: causam coicere ad te volo, Afran. ap. Non. p. 267, 32 (Com. Rel. v. 216 Rib.):

    verba inter se acrius,

    id. ib. p. 267, 27 (Com. Rel. v. 309 ib.): is cum filio Cojecerat nescio quid de ratiunculā, id. ap. Suet. Vit. Ner. 11 (Com. Rel. v. 191 ib.).—
    3.
    To throw, place, put into, include in, etc.: eum fasciculum, quo illam (epistulam) conjeceram, Cic. Att. 2, 13, 1:

    ex illo libello, qui in epistulam conjectus est,

    id. ib. 9, 13, 7:

    conjeci id (prooemium) in eum librum, quem tibi misi,

    id. ib. 16, 6, 4:

    pluraque praeterea in eandem epistulam conjeci,

    id. ib. 7, 16, 1; cf.:

    quod multos dies epistulam in manibus habui... ideo multa conjecta sunt aliud alio tempore,

    id. Q. Fr. 3, 1, 7, § 23:

    legem in decimam tabulam,

    id. Leg. 2, 25, 64; id. Caecin. 22, 63.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > conicio

  • 18 contiguus

    contĭgŭus, a, um, adj. [contingo] (not ante-Aug.).
    I.
    Act. (lit. touching; hence), bordering upon, neighboring, contiguous, near; absol. or with dat.:

    (Pyramus et Thisbe) contiguas tenuere domos,

    Ov. M. 4, 57:

    Cappadoces,

    Tac. A. 2, 60:

    luna montibus (opp. admota caelo),

    Plin. 2, 9, 6, § 43:

    perit Valens quinquagesimo anno contiguus,

    Amm. 31, 14, 1:

    tibi,

    Ov. A. A. 3, 410.—
    * II.
    Pass., that may be touched, within reach:

    hunc ubi contiguum missae fore credidit hastae,

    Verg. A. 10, 457 (intra jactum teli, Serv.).—
    * Adv.: contĭgŭē (acc. to I.), closely:

    sequi aliquem,

    upon his heels, Mart. Cap. 9, § 909.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > contiguus

  • 19 contineo

    con-tĭnĕo, tĭnŭi, tentum, 2, v. a. and n. [teneo].
    I.
    Act., to hold or keep together.
    A.
    In gen. (rare).
    1.
    Lit. (syn.:

    coërceo, conjungo): contine quaeso caput,

    Plaut. Rud. 2, 6, 26:

    quod omnem continet amplexu terram,

    Lucr. 5, 319; cf.:

    mundus omnia conplexu suo coërcet et continet,

    Cic. N. D. 2, 22, 58:

    vitem levi nodo,

    Plin. 17, 22, 35, § 187:

    magni refert primordia saepe cum quibus... contineantur,

    Lucr. 1, 818; 1, 908; 2, 761;

    2, 1008: pars oppidi, mari dijuncta angusto, ponte adjungitur et continetur,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 52, § 117.—
    b.
    Of places, to bound, limit, enclose (very rare in act.):

    reliquum spatium mons continet,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 38:

    Oceanus ponto qua continet orbem,

    Tib. 4, 1, 147; but more freq. in pass., to be comprised, enclosed, surrounded, encompassed, environed by:

    qui vicus altissimis montibus undique continetur,

    Caes. B. G. 3, 1; so,

    undique loci naturā Helvetii,

    id. ib. 1, 2:

    mare montibus angustis,

    id. ib. 4, 23:

    una pars Galliae Garumnā flumine, Oceano, finibus Belgarum,

    id. ib. 1, 1.—
    2.
    Trop.:

    omnes artes quasi cognatione quādam inter se continentur,

    hang together, Cic. Arch. 1, 2.—Far more freq. in all periods and species of composition.,
    B.
    With partic. access. ideas.
    1.
    With the access. idea of firmness, quiet, permanence, etc., to hold or keep together, to keep, hold fast, preserve, retain (syn. servo).
    a.
    Lit.:

    (alvus) arcet et continet... quod recepit,

    Cic. N. D. 2, 54, 136:

    merces (opp. partiri),

    id. Vatin. 5, 12; cf.

    exercitum (opp. dividere),

    Liv. 28, 2, 16:

    arida continent odorem diutius,

    Plin. 21, 7, 18, § 39.—
    b.
    Trop.:

    nec ulla res vehementius rem publicam continet quam fides,

    Cic. Off. 2, 24, 84:

    Remos reliquosque Belgas in officio,

    Caes. B. G. 3, 11:

    in officio Dumnorigem,

    id. ib. 5, 7:

    te in exercitatione,

    Cic. Fam. 7, 19 fin.:

    te in tuis perenuibus studiis,

    id. Brut. 97, 332:

    ceteros in armis (plaga),

    Liv. 9, 41, 15:

    alicujus hospitio,

    Nep. Lys. 1, 5.—
    2.
    With the access. idea of hindering, preventing motion, to keep, keep still, detain, restrain, repress, enclose.
    a.
    Lit.: milites [p. 449] sub pellibus, Caes. B. G. 3, 29; cf.:

    pecudem sub tecto,

    Col. 7, 10, 3:

    exercitum castris,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 48; 2, 11; Liv. 31, 26, 6; 28, 9, 14 al.; cf.:

    nostros in castris (tempestates),

    Caes. B. G. 4, 34; 6, 36; and:

    copias in castris,

    id. B. C. 1, 66; 3, 30; Auct. B. Afr. 1; 7; Liv. 36, 17, 9:

    Pompeium quam angustissime,

    Caes. B. C. 3, 45:

    aliquem limine,

    Liv. 34, 1, 5:

    ora frenis,

    Phaedr. 3, 6, 7:

    ventos carcere,

    Ov. M. 11, 432:

    animam in dicendo,

    Cic. de Or. 1, 61, 261 et saep.:

    se ruri,

    to stay, remain, Ter. Phorm. 2, 3, 17; cf.:

    se domi,

    Suet. Caes. 81:

    suo se loco,

    Caes. B. G. 4, 34:

    oppido sese,

    id. ib. 2, 30:

    castris se continere,

    id. B. C. 3, 37:

    se vallo,

    id. B. G. 5, 44:

    se finibus Romanis,

    Liv. 39, 17, 4; 34, 58, 3:

    moenibus sese,

    id. 42, 7, 4:

    agrorum suorum terminis se,

    id. 38, 40, 2:

    se moenibus,

    Ov. M. 13, 208:

    sese intra silvas,

    Caes. B. G. 2, 18:

    suos intra munitionem,

    id. ib. 5, 57;

    5, 58: milites intra castrorum vallum,

    id. B. C. 3, 76; Liv. 31, 34, 9;

    Auct. B. Afr. 24: intra castra militem,

    Tac. H. 4, 19:

    praesidibus provinciarum propagavit imperium, ut a peritis et assuetis socii continerentur,

    Suet. Aug. 23 et saep.:

    an te auspicium commoratum est? an tempestas continet?

    Plaut. Am. 2, 2, 67.—
    b.
    Trop., to hold back, detain, repress, hold in check, curb, check, stay, stop, tame, subdue, etc. (syn. cohibeo):

    adpetitiones animi,

    Cic. Tusc. 4, 9, 22:

    omnis cupiditates,

    id. Q. Fr. 1, 1, 11, § 32:

    modeste insolentiam suam,

    id. Agr. 1, 6, 18:

    risum,

    id. Fin. 4, 25, 71 et saep.:

    formido mortales omnes,

    Lucr. 1, 151:

    Etruriam non tam armis quam judiciorum terrore,

    Liv. 29, 36, 10:

    oppida magis metu quam fide,

    id. 30, 20, 5; cf.:

    quosdam continet metus,

    Quint. 1, 3, 6:

    solo metu,

    id. 12, 7, 2 et saep.:

    animum a consuetā libidine,

    Sall. J. 15, 3:

    temeritatem ab omni lapsu (with cohibere),

    Cic. Ac. 1, 12, 45:

    suos a proelio,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 15:

    manum juventus Metu deorum,

    Hor. C. 1, 35, 37 al.:

    se ab adsentiendo,

    Cic. Ac. 2, 32, 104; so,

    se ab exemplis,

    id. Fin. 2, 19, 62:

    temperans, qui se in aliquā libidine continuerit,

    id. Par. 3, 1, 21:

    se male continet amens,

    Ov. M. 4, 351:

    male me, quin vera faterer, Continui,

    id. ib. 7, 729:

    nequeo continere quin loquar,

    Plaut. Men. 2, 1, 28.—

    Mid.: contineri, quin complectar, non queo,

    restrain myself, refrain, Plaut. Rud. 4, 4, 128; cf.:

    vix me contineo, quin, etc.,

    Ter. Eun. 5, 2, 20:

    jam nequeo contineri,

    Plaut. Capt. 3, 4, 60; cf.:

    vix contineor,

    Ter. Hec. 4, 3, 9:

    quae vera audivi, taceo et contineo optime,

    keep it to myself, conceal it, id. Eun. 1, 2, 23:

    ea quae continet, neque adhuc protulit, explicet nobis,

    Cic. de Or. 1, 47, 206:

    dicta,

    id. ib. 2, 55, 222.—
    3.
    With the access. idea of containing, to comprise, contain, involve, comprehend something in itself (syn. complector):

    (aqua gelum) quod continet in se, mittit,

    Lucr. 6, 877; cf.:

    ut omnia, quae aluntur et crescunt, contineant in se vim caloris,

    Cic. N. D. 2, 9, 23; so,

    in se,

    Quint. 1, 6, 31; 2, 10, 2:

    Quattuor aeternus genitalia corpora mundus Continet,

    Ov. M. 15, 240:

    rem militarem,

    Liv. 5, 52, 16:

    panis innumeras paene continet medicinas,

    Plin. 22, 25, 68, § 138:

    (linea) centum continet (pedes),

    Quint. 1, 10, 44:

    Idus Martiae magnum mendum continent,

    Cic. Att. 14, 22, 2:

    paucas species (vox),

    Quint. 11, 3, 18:

    tales res, quales hic liber continet,

    Cic. Or. 43, 148; Plin. Ep. 5, 9, 1:

    narrationes, quae summam criminis contineant,

    Quint. 4, 2, 10:

    fabula stultorum regum et populorum continet aestus,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 2, 8; cf.:

    liber primus ea continebit, quae, etc., Quint. prooem. § 21: tertia epistula continebat, etc.,

    Plin. Ep. 9, 28, 5.—With subj.-clause:

    quando ipsos loqui deceat, quartus liber continet,

    Quint. 11, 1, 59.—Esp. freq.,
    b.
    In pass.: contineri aliquā re, to be contained in something, be composed of, consist of or in, to rest upon, to be supported by, etc.:

    terreno corpore,

    Lucr. 1, 1085:

    non venis et nervis et ossibus continentur (dii),

    Cic. N. D. 2, 23, 59:

    artem negabat esse ullam, nisi quae cognitis penitusque perspectis... rebus contineretur,

    id. de Or. 1, 20, 92:

    forma honestatis, quae tota quattuor his virtutibus... continetur,

    id. Fin. 2, 15, 48:

    versus paucis (pedibus) continetur,

    Quint. 9, 4, 60: quae philosophorum libris continentur, id. prooem. § 11; cf. id. 5, 10, 111 et saep.: artes, quae conjecturā continentur et sunt opinabiles, Cic. Div. 1, 14, 24:

    foedere,

    Liv. 41, 23, 9:

    actu,

    Quint. 2, 18, 5; 12, 9, 1; 3, 7, 28.—Rarely with in and abl.:

    forum, in quo omnis aequitas continetur,

    Cic. Cat. 4, 1, 2; cf.:

    quibus (legibus) in singulis civitatibus res publica continetur,

    id. Off. 3, 5, 23.—
    II.
    Neutr., to hold together in itself, to hang together (in the verb. finit. very rare; but freq. as P. a.; cf. also the deriv. continuus):

    per hortum utroque commeatus continet,

    Plaut. Stich. 3, 1, 43.—Hence,
    1.
    contĭnens, entis, P. a.
    A.
    (Acc. to II.) Holding or hanging together (freq. and class.).
    1.
    Bordering upon, neighboring, contiguous, lying near, adjacent (syn.: junctus, adjunctus, contiguus); constr. with dat., cum, or absol.
    a.
    Prop.:

    aër mari,

    Cic. N. D. 2, 45, 117:

    continentia atque adjuncta praedia huic fundo,

    id. Caecin. 4, 11:

    (mare) dissimile est proximo ei continenti,

    id. Ac. 2, 33, 105 al.:

    Cappadociae pars ea, quae cum Cilicià continens est,

    id. Fam. 15, 2, 2:

    (Morini) continentes silvas ac paludes habebant,

    Caes. B. G. 3, 28; cf. so absol.:

    parum locuples continente ripā,

    Hor. C. 2, 18, 22; cf.:

    pars eorum, qui propiores erant continenti litori,

    Liv. 44, 28, 12.— Subst.: contĭnentĭa, ĭum, n. (sc. loca), adjoining places, the neighborhood:

    Cherronesum et continentia usque Atho montem,

    Plin. 18, 25, 57, § 215 al.:

    urbis,

    the suburbs, Dig. 50, 16, 147.—
    b.
    Trop., in time, following, next:

    continentibus diebus,

    Caes. B. C. 3, 84;

    and of other abstract things: motus sensui junctus et continens,

    Cic. N. D. 1, 11, 26:

    timori perpetuo ipsum malum continens fuit,

    followed at its heels, Liv. 5, 39, 8.—
    2.
    Holding together, cohering in itself, connected, continuous, uninterrupted.
    a.
    Prop.:

    continens agmen migrantium,

    Liv. 1, 29, 4:

    agmen,

    id. 2, 50, 7; 8, 8, 13 al.:

    ruinae,

    id. 21, 8, 5; terra, the mainland, continent, Varr. ap. Charis. p. 100 P.; Cic. Fragm. ap. Non. p. 274, 6; Nep. Them. 3, 2; and in the same sense far more freq. subst.: contĭnens, entis, f. (rarely masc., Curt. 4, 2, 1 Zumpt, dub.; abl. in e and i equally used;

    v. the 4th and 5th books of Caes. B. G.),

    Caes. B. G. 4, 27; 4, 28; 4, 31; 4, 36 bis et saep.; Nep. Milt. 7, 3; Liv. 35, 43, 4; Plin. 5, 31, 34, § 128; Suet Aug. 65; id. Tib. 40 et saep.—
    b.
    Trop., in time, continual, consecutive, uninterrupted:

    labor omnium dierum,

    Caes. B. C. 3, 63; Liv. 42, 54, 3:

    bella,

    Caes. B. G. 5, 11 fin.:

    imperium usque ad nos,

    Liv. 7, 30, 8:

    imber per noctem totam,

    id. 23, 44, 6:

    biduo,

    Suet. Calig. 19:

    febres sine intermissione,

    Cels. 3, 5 fin.:

    e continenti genere,

    in continuous descent, Cic. Fin. 2, 19, 61:

    spiritus,

    id. de Or. 3, 57, 216 et saep.: ex continenti (sc. tempore), instantly, immediately, = continuo, statim, Just. 1, 9; so,

    in continenti,

    Dig. 44, 5, 1.—
    B.
    (Acc. to I. B. 2. b.) That restrains his passions, continent, moderate, temperate, enkratês (rare, but in good prose):

    continentior in vitā hominum quam in pecuniā,

    Caes. B. C. 1, 23:

    cum reges tam sint continentes, multo magis consularis esse oportere,

    Cic. Fam. 9, 19, 1:

    puer,

    id. Att. 6, 6, 3:

    Epaminondas,

    Nep. Epam. 3, 2 al. — Sup., Cic. Par. 1, 1, 7; Suet. Aug. 71.—
    C.
    (Acc. to I. B. 3.) In rhet., subst.: contĭnens, entis, n., that on which something rests or depends, the chief point, hinge:

    causae,

    Cic. Part. Or. 29, 103; id. Top. 25, 95:

    intuendum videtur, quid sit quaestio, ratio, judicatio, continens, vel ut alii vocant, firmamentum,

    Quint. 3, 11, 1; cf. id. ib. § 18 sqq.— Adv.: contĭnen-ter.
    1.
    (Acc. to A. 2.)
    a.
    In space, in unbroken succession, in a row. continenter sedetis, Cat. 37, 6.—More freq. and class.,
    b.
    In time, continuously, without interruption:

    totā nocte ierunt,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 26:

    jam amplius horis sex pugnaretur,

    id. ib. 3, 5:

    biduum lapidibus pluit,

    Liv. 25, 7, 7:

    usque ad ipsum negotium,

    Cic. Inv. 1, 26, 37:

    ferri imagines,

    id. N. D. 1, 39, 109.—
    2.
    (Acc. to B.) Temperately, moderately (rare):

    vivere,

    Cic. Off. 1, 30, 106; in sup.:

    vivere,

    Aug. Ep. 199; id. Conf. 6, 12.—Hence also,
    2.
    contentus, a, um, P. a. (acc. to I. B. 2. b.); medial., satisfying one's self with, contented, satisfied, content (freq. in all periods and species of composition); constr. in gen. with the abl.; more rarely absol.; after the Aug. per. very freq. with the inf.
    (α).
    With abl.: his versibus, Lucil. ap. Non. p. 264, 3:

    suis rebus,

    Cic. Par. 6, 3, 51:

    paucis,

    Hor. S. 1, 3, 16:

    illā (sorte),

    id. ib. 1, 1, 3:

    viverem uti contentus eo quod mī ipse parasset,

    id. ib. 1, 4, 108; cf. Suet. Aug. 82:

    solā Dianā,

    Verg. A. 11, 582.—
    (β).
    Absol.:

    cum ipsum audires sine comparatione, non modo contentus esses, sed melius non quaereres,

    Cic. Brut. 35, 134; so comp., Plaut. Poen. 2, 15.—
    (γ).
    With inf.:

    indagare,

    Ov. M. 1, 461:

    edidicisse,

    id. ib. 2, 638:

    retinere titulum provinciae,

    Vell. 2, 49:

    hostes sustinuisse,

    id. 2, 112:

    indicare,

    Quint. 4, 2, 128:

    ostendere,

    id. 5, 10, 31:

    id consequi, quod imiteris,

    id. 10, 2, 7 et saep.— Adv.: contentē (ante-and post-class., and rare), in a restrained manner, closely:

    arte contenteque habere aliquem,

    Plaut. As. 1, 1, 63:

    parce contenteque vivere,

    Pacat. Pan. Theod. 13.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > contineo

  • 20 nervus

    nervus, i, m. [root snar-; Old Germ. snara, a snare; Gr. neuron; cf. parvus and pauros], a sinew, tendon, nerve.
    I.
    Lit.:

    his adde nervos, a quibus artus continentur,

    Cic. N. D. 2, 55, 139:

    hoc nervos confirmari putant,

    Caes. B. G. 6, 20:

    nervus qui platys appellatur,

    Plin. 26, 8, 58, § 90:

    hic primum nervos et venas expressit (of Pythagoras the painter),

    id. 34, 8, 19, § 59:

    nervorum contractio,

    Sen. Ep. 66, 40: nervi quos tenontas Graeci appellant, Cels. 8, 1:

    condamus alter alterum in nervum bracchialem,

    let us embrace, Plaut. Poen. 5, 4, 99.—
    B.
    Transf.
    1.
    I. q. membrum virile, Hor. Epod. 12, 19; Juv. 10, 205; 9, 35; pl. nervi, Petr. 131, §§ 4 and 6.—
    2.
    A string of a musical instrument:

    omnes voces, ut nervi in fidibus, ita sonant, ut, etc.,

    Cic. de Or. 3, 57, 216:

    cotidiano cantu vocum et nervorum et tibiarum tota vicinitas personat,

    id. Rosc. Am. 46, 134; Verg. A. 9, 776; Hor. C. 3, 11, 4.—
    3.
    A bowstring: reciproca tendens nervo equino concita tela, Att. ap. Varr. L. L. 7, § 80 Müll. (Trag. Rel. p. 176 Rib.): nervoque obversus equino Contendit telum, Verg. A. 9, 622:

    nervo aptare sagittas,

    id. ib. 10, 131:

    erumpit nervo pulsante sagitta,

    id. G. 4, 313; so Val. Fl. 6, 376; 1, 437; Luc. 7, 141.—
    b.
    A bow:

    aliquem fallere nervo,

    Val. Fl. 3, 182.—
    4.
    The leather with which shields were covered:

    scuta nervo firmata,

    Tac. A. 2, 14; Sil. 4, 293.—
    5.
    A thong with which a person was bound, Plaut. Curc. 5, 3, 11; Veg. Mil. 4, 9.—
    6.
    The cords or wires by which a puppet is moved:

    duceris ut nervis alienis mobile lignum,

    Hor. S. 2, 7, 82.—
    7.
    A fetter: nervum appellamus etiam ferreum vinculum, quo pedes impediuntur: quamquam Plautus eo etiam cervices vinciri ait: Perfidiose captus edepol nervo cervices probat, Paul. ex Fest. p. 165 Müll.: VINCITO AVT NERVO, AVT COMPEDIBVS, Lex XII. Tab. ap. Gell. 20, 1: in nervo atque compedibus aetatem agunt, Cato ap. Gell. 11, 18, 18; cf. Plaut. As. 3, 2, 5:

    posuit in nervo pedes meos,

    Vulg. Job, 33, 11.—
    b.
    A prison:

    in nervum aliquem rapere,

    Plaut. Capt. 5, 3, 45:

    in nervo jacebis,

    id. Curc. 5, 3, 40; cf. id. Capt. 3, 5, 71:

    vereor ne istaec fortitudo in nervum erumpat denique,

    will lay you by the heels, bring you into durance, Ter. Phorm. 2, 2, 10; 4, 4, 15:

    eximere de nervo aliquem,

    Liv. 6, 15, 9:

    misit in nervum,

    Vulg. Jer. 20, 2.—
    II.
    Trop.
    A.
    Nerve, vigor, force, power, strength:

    digna res est ubi tu nervos intendas tuos,

    Ter. Eun. 2, 3, 20:

    onus... dignum, in quo omnes nervos aetatis industriaeque meae contenderem,

    Cic. Verr. 1, 12, 35:

    omnibus nervis mihi contendendum est, ut, etc.,

    id. ib. 2, 3, 56, §

    130: opibus ac nervis ad perniciem suam uti,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 20; Cic. Phil. 5, 12, 32:

    nervi belli pecunia,

    id. ib. 5, 2, 5:

    vectigalia nervos esse rei publicae,

    id. Imp. Pomp. 7, 17:

    legionum nervos incidere,

    id. Phil. 12, 3, 8:

    poëtae molliunt animos, nervos omnes virtutis elidunt,

    id. Tusc. 2, 11, 27:

    video, fore nervis opus sapientiāque tuā,

    id. Fam. 3, 10, 1:

    loci inhaerentes in nervis causarum,

    intimately connected with them, id. de Or. 3, 27, 106:

    nervi conjurationis,

    the leaders, Liv. 7, 39, 6.—
    B.
    In partic., of expression, force, energy:

    horum oratio neque nervos, neque aculeos oratorios ac forenses habet,

    Cic. Or. 19, 62; cf. id. de Or. 3, 21, 80:

    nervi in dicendo,

    id. ib. 2, 22, 91:

    sectantem levia nervi Deficiunt,

    Hor. A. P. 26.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > nervus

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