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  • 1 Nationalities

    Words like French can also refer to the language (e.g. a French textbook ⇒ Languages) and to the country (e.g. French history ⇒ Countries and continents).
    Note the different use of capital letters in English and French ; adjectives never have capitals in French:
    a French student
    = un étudiant français/une étudiante française
    a French nurse
    = une infirmière française/un infirmier français
    a French tourist
    = un touriste français/une touriste française
    Nouns have capitals in French when they mean a person of a specific nationality:
    a Frenchman
    = un Français
    a Frenchwoman
    = une Française
    French people or the French
    = les Français mpl
    a Chinese man
    = un Chinois
    a Chinese woman
    = une Chinoise
    Chinese people or the Chinese
    = les Chinois mpl
    English sometimes has a special word for a person of a specific nationality ; in French, the same word can almost always be either an adjective (no capitals) or a noun (with capitals):
    = danois
    a Dane
    = un Danois, une Danoise
    the Danes
    = les Danois mpl
    Note the alternatives using either adjective (il/elle est… etc.) or noun (c’est…) in French:
    he is French
    = il est français or c’est un Français
    she is French
    = elle est française or c’est une Française
    they are French
    = ( men or mixed) ils sont français or ce sont des Français ( women) elles sont françaises or ce sont des Françaises
    When the subject is a noun, like the teacher or Paul below, the adjective construction is normally used in French:
    the teacher is French
    = le professeur est français
    Paul is French
    = Paul est français
    Anne is French
    = Anne est française
    Paul and Anne are French
    = Paul et Anne sont français
    Other ways of expressing someone’s nationality or origins are:
    he’s of French extraction
    = il est d’origine française
    she was born in Germany
    = elle est née en Allemagne
    he is a Spanish citizen
    = il est espagnol
    a Belgian national
    = un ressortissant belge
    she comes from Nepal
    = elle vient du Népal

    Big English-French dictionary > Nationalities

См. также в других словарях:

  • Nationalities — Nationality Na tion*al i*ty, n.; pl. {Nationalities}. [Cf. F. nationalit[ e].] 1. The quality of being national, or strongly attached to one s own nation; patriotism. [1913 Webster] 2. The sum of the qualities which distinguish a nation; national …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • nationalities — na·tion·al·i·ty || næʃə nælÉ™tɪ n. citizenship; quality of being part of a particular nation; patriotism; national ownership (of property) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Nationalities and regions of Spain — Nationalities[1][2] (Spanish: Nacionalidades) or historical nationalities[2][3] (Spanish: Nacionalidades históricas, Basque: Nazionalitate historikoak …   Wikipedia

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  • Central University for Nationalities — Central University of Nationalities (zh sp|s=中央民族大学|p=Zhōngyāng Mínzú Dàxúe) is a national level university located in Beijing, China designated for minority nationalities. It is colloquially known as Míndà in Putonghua and CUN in… …   Wikipedia

  • Soviet of Nationalities — Soviet Union This article is part of the series: Politics and government of the Soviet Union …   Wikipedia

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  • research institutions for minority nationalities — Research institutions about minority nationalities are mainly scattered in the capital and the frontier provinces. These research institutions can be classified into three categories. The first category includes the institutions affiliated with… …   Encyclopedia of Contemporary Chinese Culture

  • Dalian Nationalities University — 大连民族学院 Established 1997 Type National university President Liu Yubin Location Dalian …   Wikipedia


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