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MENDELSOHN, Erich

  • 1 Mendelsohn, Erich

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    b. 21 March 1887 Allenstein, East Prussia
    d. 15 September 1953 San Francisco, California, USA
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    German architect, a pioneering innovator in the modern International style of building that developed in Germany during the early 1920s.
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    In some examples of his work Mendelsohn envisaged bold, sculptural forms, dramatically expressed in light and shade, which he created with extensive use of glass, steel and concrete. Characteristic of his type of early Expressionism was his design for the Einstein Tower (1919), a physical laboratory and observatory that was purpose built for Professor Einstein's research work at Neubabelsburg near Berlin in 1921. As its shape suggests, this structure was intended to be made from poured concrete but, due to technical problems, it was erected in stucco-faced steel and brickwork. Equally dramatic and original were Mendelsohn's department stores, for example the pace-setting Schocken Stores at Stuttgart (1926) and Chemnitz (1928), the Petersdorff Store at Breslau (1927) (now Wrocaw in Poland), and a very different building, the Columbus Haus in Berlin (1929–31). One of his most original designs was also in this city, that for the complex on the great boulevard, the Kurfürstendamm, which included the Universum Cinema (1928). Mendelsohn moved to England in 1933, a refugee from Nazism, and there entered into partnership with another émigré, Serge Chermayeff from Russia. Together they were responsible for a building on the seafront at Bexhill-on-Sea, the De La Warr arts and entertainments pavilion (1935–6). This long, low, glass, steel and concrete structure was ahead of its time in England and comprised a theatre and restaurant; in the centre of the façade, facing the sea, is its chief architectural feature, a semicircular glazed staircase. Soon Mendelsohn moved on to Palestine, where he was responsible for the Government Hospital at Haifa (1937) and the Hadassah University Medical Centre in Jerusalem (1936); in both cases he skilfully adapted his mode to different climatic needs. He finally settled in the USA in 1941, where his most notable buildings are the Maimonides Hospital in San Francisco and the synagogues and Jewish community centres which he built in a number of American cities.
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    Further Reading
    Arnold Whittick, 1964, Erich Mendelsohn, Leonard Hill Books (the standard work).
    DY

    Biographical history of technology > Mendelsohn, Erich

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  • Mendelsohn, Erich — born March 21, 1887, Allenstein, Ger. died Sept. 15, 1953, San Francisco, Calif., U.S. German architect. While studying architecture in Munich, he was influenced by the Blaue Reiter group of Expressionist artists. Mendelsohn s Einstein Tower,… …   Universalium

  • Mendelsohn, Erich — (1887 1953)    architect; a leading exponent of functionalism. Born to a businessman of Russo Polish heritage in Allenstein, East Prussia, he studied architecture during 1908 1912. He took his doctorate in 1912 and came under the influence of… …   Historical dictionary of Weimar Republik

  • Mendelsohn, Erich — ► (1887 1953) Arquitecto alemán. Autor del observatorio astronómico de Potsdam y los almacenes Schockem en Stuttgart. * * * (21 mar. 1887, Allenstein, Alemania–15 sep. 1953, San Francisco, Cal., EE.UU.). Arquitecto alemán. Mientras estudiaba… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Mendelsohn, Erich — (1887–1953)    German architect. Mendelsohn was an outstanding exponent of modern, functional architectural design and the use of free concrete forms. He left Germany in 1933 when Hitler came to power, and after a period in England lived for five …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • MENDELSOHN, Erich — (1887 1953)    See EXPRESSIONISM …   Historical Dictionary of Architecture

  • Mendelsohn — Mendelsohn, Erich …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Erich Mendelssohn — Erich Mendelsohn (* 21. März 1887 in Allenstein (Ostpreußen); † 15. September 1953 in San Francisco, USA) war ein bedeutender Architekt des 20. Jahrhunderts. Am bekanntesten sind seine Werke der 1920er Jahre, die sich am ehesten als… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Erich Mendelsohn — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Erich Mendelsohn (* 21 de marzo de 1887 en Allenstein (Prusia oriental), † 15 de septiembre de 1953 en San Francisco, EE. UU.) fue un reconocido arquitecto del siglo XX, máximo exponente de la arquitectura… …   Wikipedia Español

  • MENDELSOHN (E.) — MENDELSOHN ERICH (1887 1953) L’architecture pourrait n’être qu’un art du dessin. Les quinze cents esquisses de l’architecte allemand Mendelsohn, dont le corpus fut publié de mai 1962 à octobre 1964 par la revue Architettura , figureraient alors… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Erich Mendelsohn — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Mendelsohn. La tour Einstein à Potsdam Erich Mendelsohn (Allenstein, 21 mars …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Erich — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Prénom comme Éric en Allemand Erich Abraham Erich Auerbach Erich Bärenfänger Erich Bautz Erich Beer Erich Carl Walter Erich Dethleffsen Erich Eliskases …   Wikipédia en Français

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