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Ketone bodies

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  • Ketone bodies — are three water soluble compounds that are produced as by products when fatty acids are broken down for energy in the liver and kidney. They are used as a source of energy in the heart and brain. In the brain, they are a vital source of energy… …   Wikipedia

  • ketone bodies — ketone bodies, = acetone bodies. (Cf. ↑acetone bodies) …   Useful english dictionary

  • Ketone bodies — Chemicals that the body makes when there is not enough insulin in the blood and it must break down fat instead of the sugar glucose for energy. The ketone bodies acetone, acetoacetate, and beta hydroxybutyrate are toxic acidic chemicals. They… …   Medical dictionary

  • ketone bodies — plural noun Biochemistry three related compounds produced during the metabolism of fats and synthesized in the liver during starvation for use as an alternative energy source to glucose …   English new terms dictionary

  • Ketone — group …   Wikipedia

  • ketone body — Acetoacetate, b hydroxybutyrate or acetone. None of these are bodies as defined by morphologists! Ketone bodies accumulate in the body following starvation, in diabetes mellitus, and in some disorders of carbohydrate metabolism …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • ketone — A substance with the carbonyl group linking two carbon atoms; the most important in medicine and the simplest k. is dimethyl k. (acetone). * * * ke·tone kē .tōn n an organic compound (as acetone) with a carbonyl group attached to two carbon atoms …   Medical dictionary

  • ketone — n. any member of a group of organic compounds consisting of a carbonyl group (=CO) flanked by two alkyl groups. The ketones acetoacetic acid, acetone, and β hydroxybutyrate (known as ketone (or acetone) bodies) are produced during the metabolism… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • acetone bodies — acetone bodies, Medicine. a group of ketones resulting from incomplete oxidation of fats, the presence of which in urine is a characteristic symptom of diabetes; ketone bodies …   Useful english dictionary

  • acetone bodies — ketone b s …   Medical dictionary

  • Кетон (Ketone) — любой представитель класса органических соединений, в состав которых входит карбонильная группа (=СО) с расположенными по бокам двумя алкильными группами. Кетоны ацетоуксусной кислоты, ацетона и гидроксибутурата (называемые кетоновыми (ketone)… …   Медицинские термины