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John Gilbert

  • 1 Gilbert, Thomas

    [br]
    b. 1720 Cotton Hall, Cotton, Staffordshire, England
    d. 18 December 1798
    [br]
    English politician, mine and canal entrepreneur.
    [br]
    He was the older brother of John Gilbert and, trained as a lawyer, he became Land Agent to Earl Gower and Legal Adviser to the Duke of Bridgewater (Francis Egerton). Brindley had carried out work for Gilbert on the Gower estates and the standard of work impressed him. In 1759 he recommended Brindley to his brother at Worsley as a competent engineer who would be valuable in the construction of the new canal. Gilbert became Member of Parliament for Newcastle under Lyme in 1763 and was thus able to sponsor the Trent and Mersey Bill when it came before Parliament. He joined the committee of the Trent and Mersey, representing the interests of both Earl Gower and himself. He was also involved with the East Shropshire mines and canals with his brother. He continued as a Member of Parliament (until 1768 for Newcastle and afterwards for Lichfield) until December 1794.
    [br]
    Further Reading
    P.Lead, 1990, Agents of Revolution: John and Thomas Gilbert—Entrepreneurs, Keele University Centre for Local History.
    JHB

    Biographical history of technology > Gilbert, Thomas

  • 2 Canals

    Biographical history of technology > Canals

  • 3 Egerton, Francis, 3rd Duke of Bridgewater

    SUBJECT AREA: Ports and shipping
    [br]
    b. 21 May 1736
    d. 9 March 1803 London, England
    [br]
    English entrepreneur, described as the "father of British inland navigation".
    [br]
    Francis Egerton was the younger of the two surviving sons of Scroop, 1st Duke of Bridgewater, and on the death of his brother, the 2nd Duke, he succeeded to the title in 1748. Until that time he had received little or no education as his mother considered him to be of feeble intellect. His guardians, the Duke of Bedford and Lord Trentham, decided he should be given an opportunity and sent him to Eton in 1749. He remained there for three years and then went on the "grand tour" of Europe. During this period he saw the Canal du Midi, though whether this was the spark that ignited his interest in canals is hard to say. On his return to England he indulged in the social round in London and raced at Newmarket. After two unsuccessful attempts at marriage he retired to Lancashire to further his mining interests at Worsley, where the construction of a canal to Manchester was already being considered. In fact, the Act for the Bridgewater Canal had been passed at the time he left London. John Gilbert, his land agent at Worsley, encouraged the Duke to pursue the canal project, which had received parliamentary approval in March 1759. Brindley had been recommended on account of his work at Trentham, the estate of the Duke's brother-in-law, and Brindley was consulted and subsequently appointed Engineer; the canal opened on 17 July 1761. This was immediately followed by an extension project from Longford Brook to Runcorn to improve communications between Manchester and Liverpool; this was completed on 31 December 1772, after Brindley's death. The Duke also invested heavily in the Trent \& Mersey Canal, but his interests were confined to his mines and the completed canals for the rest of his life.
    It is said that he lacked a sense of humour and even refused to read books. He was untidy in his dress and habits yet he was devoted to the Worsley undertakings. When travelling to Worsley he would have his coach placed on a barge so that he could inspect the canal during the journey. He amassed a great fortune from his various activities, but when he died, instead of leaving his beloved canal to the beneficiaries under his will, he created a trust to ensure that the canal would endure; the trust did not expire until 1903. The Duke is commemorated by a large Corinthian pillar, which is now in the care of the National Trust, in the grounds of his mansion at Ashridge, Hertfordshire.
    [br]
    Further Reading
    H.Malet, 1961, The Canal Duke, Dawlish: David \& Charles.
    JHB

    Biographical history of technology > Egerton, Francis, 3rd Duke of Bridgewater

  • 4 Mining and extraction technology

    Biographical history of technology > Mining and extraction technology

  • 5 Gilbert, John

    [br]
    b. 1724 Cotton Hall, Cotton, Staffordshire, England
    d. 3 August 1795 Worsley, Lancashire, England
    [br]
    English land agent, mining engineer and canal entrepreneur.
    [br]
    Younger son of a gentleman farmer, Gilbert was apprenticed to Matthew Boulton, a buckle maker of Birmingham and father of the Matthew Boulton who was associated with James Watt. He also gained mining experience. Through the influence of his older brother, Thomas Gilbert, he became Land Agent to the Duke of Bridgewater (Francis Egerton) for the Worsley estate. He proposed extensions to the underground waterway system and also made a preliminary survey for a canal from Worsley to Salford, a project which Brindley joined as Assistant Engineer. Gilbert was therefore the prime mover in the construction of the Bridgewater Canal, which received its Act in 1759. He then collected evidence for the second Act to permit construction of the aqueduct across the Irwell at Barton. He was involved in a consortium with his brother Thomas and Earl Gower to develop the Earl's East Shropshire mines and to build the Shrewsbury and the Shropshire Coal Canals. He also excavated the Speedwell Mine at Castleton in Derbyshire between 1774 and 1781 and constructed the underground canal to serve the workings. With his brother, he was involved in the promotion of the Trent \& Mersey Canal and was a shareholder in the undertaking. Among his other entrepreneurial activities, he entered the canal-carrying business. His last work was beginning the underground inclined planes at Worsley, but these were not completed until after his death. His important place in the historical development of the inland navigational system in England has been very much overlooked.
    [br]
    Further Reading
    P.Lead, 1990, Agents of Revolution: John and Thomas Gilbert-Entrepreneurs, Keele University Centre for Local History.
    JHB

    Biographical history of technology > Gilbert, John

  • 6 English, John

    1903-1969
       Britanico de nacimiento, director de series y seriales, correcto pero impersonal, al que asociamos al mundo del western y, en particular, a algunas de sus estrellas de los anos 30 y 40, como Robert Livingston, Bob Steele o Gene Autry. Peliculas, siempre, que rondan la hora de duracion.
        The Red Blood of Courage. 1935. 55 minutos. Blanco y Negro. Ambassador Kermit Maynard, Ann Sheridan.
        His Fighting Blood. 1935. 60 minutos. Blanco y Negro. Ambassador. Kermit Maynard, Polly Ann Young.
        Arizona Days. 1937. 57 minutos. Blanco y Negro. Grand National. Tex Ritter, Eleanor Stewart.
        Whistling Bullets. 1937. 57 minutos. Blanco y Negro. Ambassador. Kermit Maynard, Harley Wood.
        Zorro Rides Again (co-d.: William Witney). 1937. 212 minutos. 12 capitu los. Blanco y Negro. Republic. John Carroll, Helen Christian.
        Call the Mesquiteers. 1938. 55 minutos. Blanco y Negro. Republic. Robert Livingston, Lynne Roberts, Ray Corrigan, Max Terhune.
        The Lone Ranger (co-d.: William Witney). 1938. 264 minutos. 15 capitulos. Blanco y Negro. Republic. Lee Powell, Lynne Roberts, Bruce Bennett.
        The Lone Ranger Rides Again (co-d.: William Witney). 1939. 263 minutos. 15 capitulos. Blanco y Negro. Republic. Robert Livingston, Duncan Renaldo.
        Zorro’s Fighting Legion (co-d.: William Witney). 1939. 212 minutos. 12 capitulos. Blanco y Negro. Republic. Reed Hadley, Sheila Darcey.
        Hi-Yo Silver (co-d.: William Witney). 1940. 69 minutos. Blanco y Negro. Republic. Lee Powell, Lynne Roberts, Bruce Bennett.
        King of the Royal Mounted (El rey de la policia montada). (co-d.: William Witney). 1940. 211 minutos. 12 capitulos. Blanco y Negro. Republic. Allan Lane, Robert Strange, Lita Conway.
        Adventures of Red Ryder (co-d.: William Witney). 1940. 205 min. 12 capitulos. Blanco y Negro. Republic. Don Barry, Noah Beery, Vivian Austin.
        Gangs of Sonora. 1941. 56 minutos. Blanco y Negro. Republic. Robert Livingston, Bob Steele, Rufe Davis, Helen McKellar.
        King of the Texas Rangers (co-d.: William Witney). 1941. 215 minutos. 12 capitulos. Blanco y Negro. Republic. Sammy Baugh, Pauline Moore, Duncan Renaldo.
        Code of the Outlaw. 1942. 55 minutos. Blanco y Negro. Republic. Bob Steele, Tom Tyler, Rufe Davis, Melinda Leighton.
        Raiders of the Range. 1942. 55 minutos. Blanco y Negro. Republic. Bob Steele, Tom Tyler, Rufe Davis, Lois Collier.
        Westward Ho. 1942. 56 minutos. Blanco y Negro. Republic. Bob Steele, Tom Tyler, Rufe Davis, Evelyn Brent.
        Yukon Patrol (co-d.: William Witney). 1942. 68 minutos. Blanco y Negro. Republic. Allan Lane, Robert Strange, Lita Conway.
        The Phantom Plainsmen. 1942. 65 minutos. Blanco y Negro. Republic. Bob Steele, Tom Tyler, Rufe Davis, Lois Collier.
        King of the Mounted. 1942. 196 minutos. 12 capitulos. Blanco y Negro. Republic. Allan Lane, Gilbert Emery, Peggy Drake.
        Valley of Hunted Men. 1942. 60 minutos. Blanco y Negro. Republic. Bob Steele, Tom Tyler, Jimmie Dodds, Anna Marie Stewart.
        Thundering Trails. 1943. 56 minutos. Blanco y Negro. Republic. Bob Steele, Tom Tyler, Jimmie Dodds, Nell O’Day.
        Dead Man’s Gulch. 1943. 56 minutos. Blanco y Negro. Republic. Don Barry, Lynn Merrick
        Daredevils of the West. 1943. 196 minutos. 12 capitulos. Blanco y Negro. Republic. Allan Lane, Kay Aldridge, Eddie Acuff.
        The Man from Thunder River. 1943. 57 minutos. Blanco y Negro. Republic. Bill Elliott, Anne Jeffreys, George Hayes.
        Black Hills Express. 1943. 56 minutos. Blanco y Negro. Republic. Don Barry, Wally Vernon, Ariel Heath.
        Death Valley Manhunt. 1943. 55 minutos. Blanco y Negro. Republic. Bill Elliott, Anne Jeffreys, George Hayes.
        Overland Mail Robbery. 1943. 56 minutos. Blanco y Negro. Republic. Bill Elliott, Anne Jeffreys, George Hayes.
        Raiders of Sunset Pass. 1943. 57 minutos. Blanco y Negro. Republic. Eddie Dew, Jennifer Holt, Smiley Burnette.
        The Laramie Trail. 1944. 55 minutos. Blanco y Negro. Republic. Robert Livingston, Linda Brent, Smiley Burnette.
        Silver City Kid. 1944. 55 minutos. Blanco y Negro. Republic. Allan Lane, Peggy Stewart, Wally Vernon.
        San Fernando Valley (co-d.: Yakima Canutt). 1944. 77 minutos. Blanco y Negro. Republic. Roy Rogers, Dale Evans, Jean Porter.
        Utah. 1945. 78 minutos. Blanco y Negro. Republic. Roy Rogers, Dale Evans, George Hayes, Peggy Stewart.
        Don’t Fence Me In. 1945. 71 minutos. Blanco y Negro. Republic. Roy Rogers, Dale Evans, George Hayes, Bob Nolan.
        Trail to San Antone. 1947. 67 minutos. Blanco y Negro. Republic. Gene Autry, Peggy Stewart, Sterling Holloway.
        The Last Round-Up. 1947. 76 minutos. Blanco y Negro. Gene Autry Productions (Columbia). Gene Autry, Jean Heather, Carol Thurston.
        The Strawberry Roan. 1948. 76 minutos. Cinecolor. Gene Autry Productions (Columbia). Gene Autry, Gloria Henry, Pat Buttram.
        Loaded Pistols. 1948. 77 minutos. Blanco y Negro. Gene Autry Productions (Columbia). Gene Autry, Barbara Britton, Chill Wills.
        Riders of the Whistling Pines. 1949. 70 minutos. Blanco y Negro. Gene Autry Productions (Columbia). Gene Autry, Patricia White, Jimmy Lloyd.
        Rim of the Canyon. 1949. 70 minutos. Blanco y Negro. Gene Autry Productions (Columbia). Gene Autry, Nan Leslie, Thurston Hall.
        The Cowboy and the Indians. 1949. 68 minutos. Blanco y Negro. Gene Autry Productions (Columbia). Gene Autry, Sheila Ryan, Frank Richards.
        Riders in the Sky. 1949. 69 minutos. Blanco y Negro. Gene Autry Productions (Columbia). Gene Autry, Gloria Henry, Pat Buttram.
        Sons of New Mexico. 1950. 71 minutos. Blanco y Negro. Gene Autry Productions (Columbia). Gene Autry, Gail Davis, Robert Armstrong.
        Mule Train. 1950. 69 minutos. Blanco y Negro. Gene Autry Productions (Columbia). Gene Autry, Sheila Ryan, Pat Buttram.
        Cow Town. 1950. 70 minutos. Blanco y Negro. Gene Autry Productions (Columbia). Gene Autry, Gail Davis, Harry Shannon.
        Beyond the Purple Hills. 1950. 69 minutos. Blanco y Negro. Gene Autry Productions (Columbia). Gene Autry, Jo Dennison, Pat Buttram.
        Indian Territory. 1950. 70 minutos. Blanco y Negro. Gene Autry Productions (Columbia). Gene Autry, Gail Davis, Pat Buttram.
        The Blazing Sun. 1950. 70 minutos. Blanco y Negro. Gene Autry Productions (Columbia). Gene Autry, Lynne Roberts, Pat Buttram, Anne Gwynne.
        Gene Autry and the Mounties. 1951. 70 minutos. Blanco y Negro. Gene Autry Productions (Columbia). Gene Autry, Elena Verdugo, Pat Buttram.
        Whirlwind. 1951. 70 minutos. Blanco y Negro. Gene Autry Productions (Columbia). Gene Autry, Gail Davis, Smiley Burnette.
        Silver Canyon. 1951. 70 minutos. Blanco y Negro. Gene Autry Productions (Columbia). Gene Autry, Gail Davis, Pat Buttram.
        The Hills of Utah. 1951. 70 minutos. Blanco y Negro. Gene Autry Produc tions (Columbia). Gene Autry, Elaine Riley, Pat Buttram, Donna Martell.
        Valley of Fire. 1951. 70 minutos. Blanco y Negro. Gene Autry Productions (Columbia). Gene Autry, Gail Davis, Pat Buttram.
        Zorro Rides Again (co-d.: William Witney). 1959. 68 minutos. Blanco y Negro. Republic. John Carroll, Helen Christian, Duncan Renaldo.

    English-Spanish dictionary of western films > English, John

  • 7 Ford, John

    1894-1973
       Sean Aloysius O’Fearna, Sean Aloysius O’Feeney, o John Martin Feeney, que con alguno de esos tres nombres figura en diversas biografias, nacio el primero de febrero de 1894, o de 1895 segun otros, en Cape Elizabeth, Maine, de padres irlandeses. En 1914, despues de sus estudios secundarios, se traslada a Hollywood, donde ya se encontraba su hermano Francis, actor y director, del que es ayudante hasta 1917, en que dirige su primera pelicula, The Tornado, como Jack Ford, nombre que en 1923 cambiaria por el de John Ford. Hay que tener en cuenta que el apellido Ford fue el que uso su hermano Francis desde el primer momento. Entre The Tor nado y Buenos amigos (Just Pals, 1920), primera de sus peliculas de la que se conservan copias, rueda un total de 37 filmes de dos, tres y cinco bobinas, siempre para Universal, como productora o, al me nos, distribuidora. Buenos amigos es, precisamente, la primera que realiza para Fox. En adelante, mientras duro el cine mudo, fue esta quien produjo o distribuyo los filmes de John Ford, de los que se conservan solo otros once.
       En total, dirige 67 peliculas mudas, de las que se conservan doce, tres de ellas westerns. Estos son: A prueba de balas (Straight Sho oting, 1917), la archifamosa El caballo de hierro (The Iron Horse, 1924), y Tres hombres malos (Three Bad Men, 1926). Lamentablemente ha desaparecido La fuerza de las circunstancias (Marked Men, 1919), version muda de uno de los westerns sonoros de Ford, Three God fathers. Se conservan, sin embargo, los sesenta filmes sonoros que dirigio, ademas de otro que abandono a poco de comenzar, El sonador rebelde (Young Cassidy, Jack Cardiff, 1965), algunos documentales para el Ejercito y unos pocos trabajos para television. De esos sesenta titulos, solo quince son westerns, y uno de ellos, La conquista del Oeste, es obra de Ford en una pequena parte de su metraje..Por que se dice, entonces, que John Ford es un di rector de westerns?.Por que lo dijo el mismo cuando, en una celebre reunion de directores de cine, durante el asunto aquel del Comite de Acti vidades Antinortea mericanas, al preguntarsele quien era, res pondio: “Soy John Ford. Hago westerns”? Sin duda porque la obra de John Ford no se en tenderia sin sus westerns. Es, sin discusion, uno de los reyes del genero, si no el rey maximo. El director mas admirado por una larga fila de cinefilos, aunque no dirigio tantos westerns sonoros como a primera vista podria parecer, convirtio cada uno de ellos en un espectaculo visual, en el sentido mas profundo del termino. El primero, La diligencia abre la puerta al western moderno, en un momento en el que la produccion del genero estaba mayoritariamente ocupada por filmes de serie de una hora de duracion, la llamada serie B, y seriales diversos. El ultimo, El gran combate, es un emocionante canto a la dignidad del ser humano. John Ford extrae todas las inmensas posibilidades que el genero ofrece como espejo en el que se mira la naturaleza de los seres racionales.
       Entre sus quince westerns sonoros se encuentra la que, sin duda alguna, es una de las diez o quince mejores peliculas de la historia del cine, Centauros del desierto que, junto con la llamada “trilogia de la caballeria” (Fort Apache, La legion invencible y Rio Grande) y la injustamente infravalorada y extraordi naria Dos cabalgan juntos, constituyen la cumbre de la obra de este inigualable realizador en el genero que nos ocupa.
        Stagecoach (La diligencia). 1939. 97 minutos. Blanco y Negro. Walter Wanger Productions (UA). John Wayne, Claire Trevor, John Carradine, Thomas Mitchell, Andy Devine, Louise Platt, Tim Holt, Donald Meek, George Bancroft.
        Drums Along the Mohawk (Corazones indomables). 1939. 103 minutos. Technicolor. Fox. Claudette Colbert, Henry Fonda, Edna May Oliver, Eddie Collins, John Carradine, Dorris Bowdon, Jessie Ralph.
        My Darling Clementine (Pasion de los fuertes). 1946. 97 minutos. Blanco y Negro. Fox. Henry Fonda, Linda Darnell, Victor Mature, Walter Brennan, Tim Holt, Ward Bond, Cathy Downs, John Ireland.
        Fort Apache (Fort Apache). 1948. 127 minutos. Blanco y negro. Argosy Pictures (RKO). John Wayne, Henry Fonda, Shirley Temple, John Agar, Ward Bond, George O’Brien, Victor McLaglen, Pedro Armendariz, Anna Lee.
        Three Godfathers. 1948. 106 minutos. Technicolor. Argosy Pictures (MGM). John Wayne, Pedro Armendariz, Harry Carey, Jr., Ward Bond, Mae Marsh.
        She Wore a Yellow Ribbon (La legion invencible). 1949. 103 minutos. Technicolor. Argosy Pictures (RKO). John Wayne, Joanne Dru, John Agar, Ben Johnson, Harry Carey, Jr., Victor McLaglen, George O’Brien.
        Wagonmaster. 1950. 86 minutos. Blanco y Negro. Argosy Pictures (RKO). Ben Johnson, Harry Carey, Jr., Joanne Dru, Ward Bond.
        Rio Grande (Rio Grande). 1950. 105 minutos. Blanco y Negro. Argosy Pictures (Republic). John Wayne, Maureen O’Hara, Ben Johnson, Harry Carey, Jr.,Chill Wills, J. Carrol Naish, Victor McLaglen.
        The Searchers (Centauros del desierto). 1956. 119 minutos. Technicolor. VistaVision. C.V. Whitney Pictures (WB). John Wayne, Jeffrey Hunter, Vera Miles, Ward Bond, Natalie Wood.
        The Horse Soldiers (Mision de audaces). 1959. 119 minutos. Color DeLuxe. Mirisch Company (UA). John Wayne, William Holden, Constance Towers, Anna Lee.
        Sergeant Rutledge (El sargento negro). 1960. 111 minutos. Technicolor. Ford Productions (WB). Jeffrey Hunter, Constance Towers, Woody Strode, Willie Burke.
        Two Rode Together (Dos cabalgan juntos). 1961. 109 minutos. Eastmancolor. Shpetner Productions (Columbia). James Stewart, Richard Widmark, Shirley Jones, Linda Cristal, Andy Devine, John McIntire, Annelle Hayes.
        The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance (El hombre que mato a Liberty Valance). 1962. 122 minutos. Blanco y Negro. Ford Productions (Paramount). James Stewart, John Wayne, Vera Miles, Lee Marvin, Edmond O’Brien, Andy Devine.
        How the West Was Won (La conquista del Oeste) (co-d.: Henry Hathaway, George Marshall). Episodio: The Civil War (La guerra civil). 1962. 165 minutos (duracion total). Technicolor. Super Cinerama. MGM. George Peppard, Carroll Baker, Russ Tamblyn, John Wayne.
        Cheyenne Autumn (El gran combate). 1964. 159 minutos. Technicolor. Super-Panavision 70. John Ford Bernard Smith Production (WB). Richard Widmark, Carroll Baker, James Stewart, Edward G. Robinson, Karl Malden, Sal Mineo, Dolores del Rio, Ricardo Montalban, Gilbert Roland, Arthur Kennedy.

    English-Spanish dictionary of western films > Ford, John

  • 8 Gilbert, Joseph Henry

    [br]
    b. 1 August 1817 Hull, England
    d. 23 December 1901 England
    [br]
    English chemist who co-established the reputation of Rothampsted Experimental Station as at the forefront of agricultural research.
    [br]
    Joseph Gilbert was the son of a congregational minister. His schooling was interrupted by the loss of an eye as the result of a shooting accident, but despite this setback he entered Glasgow University to study analytical chemistry, and then went to University College, London, where he was a fellow student of John Bennet Lawes. During his studies he visited Giessen, Germany, and worked in the laboratory of Justus von Liebig. In 1843, at the age of 26, he was hired as an assistant by Lawes, who was 29 at that time; an unbroken friendship and collaboration existed between the two until Lawes died in 1900. They began a series of experiments on grain production and grew plots under different applications of nitrogen, with control plots that received none at all. Much of the work at Rothampsted was on the nitrogen requirements of plants and how this element became available to them. The grain grown in these experiments was analyzed to determine whether nitrogen input affected grain quality. Gilbert was a methodical worker who by the time of his death had collected together some 50,000 carefully stored and recorded samples.
    [br]
    Principal Honours and Distinctions
    Knighted 1893. FRS 1860. Fellow of the Chemistry Society 1841, President 1882–3. President, Chemical Section of the British Association 1880. Sibthorpian Professor of Rural Economy, Oxford University, 1884. Honorary Professor of the Royal Agricultural College, Cirencester. Honorary member of the Royal Agricultural Society of England 1883. Royal Society Royal Medal 1867 (jointly with Lawes). Society of Arts Albert Gold Medal 1894 (jointly with Lawes). Liebig Foundation of the Royal Bavarian Academy of Science Silver Medal 1893 (jointly with Lawes).
    AP

    Biographical history of technology > Gilbert, Joseph Henry

  • 9 Voelcker, John Augustus

    [br]
    b. 24 June 1854 Cirencester, England
    d. 1937 England
    [br]
    English agricultural chemist.
    [br]
    John Augustus Voelcker, as the son of Dr John Christopher Voelcker, grew up in an atmosphere of scientific agriculture and would have had contact with the leading agriculturists of the day. He was educated at University College School and then University College, London, where he obtained both a BA and a BSc Following in his father's footsteps, he studied for his PhD at Giessen University in Germany. At college he enjoyed athletics, an interest he was to pursue for the rest of his life. He decided to take up agricultural chemistry and was to succeed to all the public offices once held by his father, from whom he also took over the directorship of Woburn Farm. The experimental farm had been started in 1876 and was used to study the residual effects of chemicals in the soil. The results of these studies were used as the basis for compensation awards to tenant farmers giving up their farms. Voelcker broadened the range of studies to include trace elements in the soil, but by 1921 the Royal Agricultural Society of England had decided to give up the farm. This was a blow to Voelcker and occurred just before experiments elsewhere highlighted the importance of these elements to healthy plant growth. He continued the research at his own expense until the Rothampsted Experimental Station took over the farm in 1926. Aside from his achievements in Britain, Voelcker undertook a study tour of India in 1890, the report on which led to the appointment of an Agricultural Chemist, and the establishment of a scientific service for the Indian subcontinent.
    [br]
    Principal Honours and Distinctions
    President, Royal Society of Public Analysts. Member of Council, Chemical Society, and Institute of Chemistry. Chairman, Farmers' Club.
    Bibliography
    Most of his publications were in the Journal of the Royal Agricultural Society of England, for which he wrote an annual report, and in another series of reports relating to Woburn Farm. The Improvements of Indian Agriculture was the result of his tour in 1890.
    Further Reading
    Sir E.John Russell, A History of Agricultural Science in Great Britain.
    AP

    Biographical history of technology > Voelcker, John Augustus

  • 10 Voelcker, John Christopher

    [br]
    b. 24 September 1822 Frankfurt am Main, Germany
    d. 5 December 1884 England
    [br]
    German analytical chemist resident in England whose reports on feedstuffs and fertilizers had a considerable influence on the quality of these products.
    [br]
    The son of a merchant in the city of his birth, John Christopher had delicate health and required private tuition to overcome the loss of his early years of schooling. At the age of 22 he went to study chemistry at Göttingen University and then worked for a short time for Liebig at Giessen. In 1847 he obtained a post as Analyst and Consulting Chemist at the Agricultural Chemistry Association of Scotland's Edinburgh office, and two years later he became Professor of Chemistry at the Royal Agricultural College in Cirencester, retaining this post until 1862. In 1855 he was appointed Chemist to the Bath and West Agricultural Society, and in that capacity organized lectures and field trials, and in 1857 he also became Consulting Chemist to the Royal Agricultural Society of England. Initially he studied the properties of farmyard manure and also the capacity of the soil to absorb ammonia, potash and sodium. As Consulting Chemist to farmers he analysed feedstuffs and manures; his assessments of artificial manures did much to force improvements in standards. During the 1860s he worked on milk and dairy products. He published the results of his work each year in the Journal of the Royal Agricultural Society of England. In 1877 he became involved in the field trials initiated and funded by the Duke of Bedford on his Woburn farm, and he continued his association with this venture until his death.
    [br]
    Principal Honours and Distinctions
    FRS. Founder and Vice-President, Institute of Chemistry of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 1877. Member Chemical Society 1849; he was a member of Council as well as its Vice-President at the time of his death. Member of the Board of Studies, Royal Agricultural College, Cirencester; Honorary Professor from 1882.
    Bibliography
    His papers are to be found in the Journal of the Royal Agricultural Society of England, for which he began to write reports in 1855, and also in the Journal of the Bath and West Society.
    Further Reading
    J.H.Gilbert, 1844, obituary, Journal of the Royal Agricultural Society of England, pp. 308–21 (a detailed account).
    Sir E.John Russell, A History of Agricultural Science in Great Britain.
    AP

    Biographical history of technology > Voelcker, John Christopher

  • 11 John

    dʒɔn I сущ.
    1) Джон;
    Иоанн( мужское имя)
    2) Джон (типичное имя собственное лакеев, дворецких, официантов)
    3) полицейский;
    сыщик
    4) китаец;
    китайцы тж. John Chinaman
    5) сл. сутенер;
    клиент проститутки II сущ.;
    разг. сортир
    (библеизм) Евангелие от Иоанна (тж. j.) (сленг) любовник;
    клиент проститутки
    John разг. сортир
    John Bull Джон Булль (прозвище типичного англичанина)
    John Collins разг. джин с лимоном и сахаром
    John Doe юр. (употр. нарицательно) воображаемый истец в судебном процессе;
    John Doe and Richard Roe истец и ответчик (взамен имен истинных юридических лиц)
    ~ Q. Public Джон Кью Паблик (прозвище среднего американца)

    Большой англо-русский и русско-английский словарь > John

  • 12 John Doe

    ˈdʒɔnˈdəu юр.
    1) воображаемый истец в судебном процессе John Doe and Richard Roe
    2) рядовой, обычный человек
    (юридическое) воображаемый истец в судебном процессе - * and Richard Roe истец и ответчик (имена фиктивных юридических лиц) безликий, рядовой человек - brilliant intellectuals and plain John Does блестящие интеллектуалы и незаметные люди толпы

    Большой англо-русский и русско-английский словарь > John Doe

  • 13 John-a-stiles

    (юридическое) воображаемая сторона в судебном процессе (обыкн. в сочетании с John-a-nokes)

    Большой англо-русский и русско-английский словарь > John-a-stiles

  • 14 John-o'-Groat's

    ˈdʒɔnəˈɡrəuts сущ. север Шотландии from John-o'-Groat's-House to Land's End ≈ от севера до юга Англии;
    от края до края (страны)

    Большой англо-русский и русско-английский словарь > John-o'-Groat's

  • 15 John-o'-Groat's-House

    ˈdʒɔnəˈɡrəutshaus сущ. север Шотландии from John-o'-Groat's-House to Land's End ≈ от севера до юга Англии;
    от края до края (страны)

    Большой англо-русский и русско-английский словарь > John-o'-Groat's-House

  • 16 Gilbert

    gilbert [ˊgɪlbət] n
    эл. ги́льберт

    Англо-русский словарь Мюллера > Gilbert

  • 17 John

    john [dʒɒn] n
    амер. сл. сорти́р

    Англо-русский словарь Мюллера > John

  • 18 botch up If John botches up his driving testagain

    botch up делать небрежно; портить If John botches up his driving testagain, I doubt if he'll ever pass it. The last electrician botched up thisjob; I hope you can mend the wires.

    Англо-русский словарь Мюллера > botch up If John botches up his driving testagain

  • 19 bugger up sl. If John buggers up hisdriving test again

    bugger up sl. загубить, испортить, напортачить If John buggers up hisdriving test again, I doubt if he'll ever pass it.

    Англо-русский словарь Мюллера > bugger up sl. If John buggers up hisdriving test again

  • 20 Gilbert

    gilbert [ˊgɪlbət] n
    эл. ги́льберт

    Англо-русский словарь Мюллера > Gilbert

См. также в других словарях:

  • John Gilbert — en La viuda alegre (1925) Nombre real John Cecil Pringle Nacimiento 10 de julio de 1897 …   Wikipedia Español

  • John Gilbert — may refer to:*John Gilbert (19th century MLB player), see Pittsburgh Pirates all time roster *John Gilbert (actor) (1899 ndash;1936), American actor of the silent film era *John Gilbert, Baron Gilbert (born 1927), British Labour Party politician… …   Wikipedia

  • John Gilbert — ist der Name folgender Personen: John Gilbert (Erzbischof) (1693–1761), Erzbischof von York John Gilbert (Naturforscher) (1812–1845), britischer Naturforscher John Gilbert (Maler) (1817–1897), englischer Maler John Gilbert (Schauspieler)… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Gilbert — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. John Gilbert peut faire référence à plusieurs personnes John Gilbert est un acteur. John Gilbert est un monteur. John Gilbert (1812 1845) est un… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • John Gilbert — John Pringle’s stage name …   Eponyms, nicknames, and geographical games

  • John Gilbert (Naturforscher) — John Gilbert (* 14. März 181? vermutlich in England; † 28. Juni 1845 am Golf von Carpentaria, Australien) war ein Naturforscher und Entdecker. Über sein Leben war lange Zeit nichts bekannt, bis 1938 mehrere Briefe und ein Tagebuch, die sich im… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Gilbert (Canadian politician) — John Gilbert (September 12, 1921 ndash; August 7, 2006) was a Canadian lawyer, politician and jurist.Gilbert was born in Toronto and grew up in a poor working class family which he helped support during the Great Depression by selling newspapers… …   Wikipedia

  • John Gilbert Baker — Nacimiento …   Wikipedia Español

  • John Gilbert (naturalist) — John Gilbert (1812 ndash; June 28, 1845) was an English naturalist and explorer.Gilbert s birthday is 14 March, but the year is not known, estimates range from 1810 to 1815.He came from New Zealand to Australia in 1838.Gilbert was a taxidermist… …   Wikipedia

  • John Gilbert (Schauspieler) — John Gilbert (bürgerlicher Name: John Cecil Pringle; * 10. Juli 1899 in Logan, Utah, USA; † 9. Januar 1936 in Los Angeles, Kalifornien) war ein US amerikanischer Filmschauspieler. Er war vor allem an der Seite von Greta Garbo einer der größten… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Gilbert (agent) — John Gilbert (1724–1795) was land agent and engineer to the third Duke of Bridgewater and is credited with the idea which led to the building of the Bridgewater Canal.John Gilbert was born in Staffordshire. When he was aged 12–13 he was… …   Wikipedia

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