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Jenney, William Le Baron

  • 1 Jenney, William Le Baron

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    b. 25 September 1832 Fairhaven, Massachusetts, USA
    d. 15 June 1907 Los Angeles, California, USA
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    American architect and engineer who pioneered a method of steel-framed construction that made the skyscraper possible.
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    Jenney's Home Insurance Building in Chicago was completed in 1885 but demolished in 1931. It was the first building to rise above ten to twelve storeys and was possible because it did not require immensely thick walls on the lower storeys to carry the weight above. Using square-sectioned cast-iron wall piers, hollow cylindrical cast-iron columns on the interior and, across these, steel and cast-iron beams and girders, Jenney produced a load-bearing metal framework independent of the curtain walling. Beams and girders were united by ties as well as being bolted to the vertical members, so providing a strong framework to take the building load. Jenney went on to build in Chicago the Second Leiter Building (1889–91) and, in 1891, the Manhattan Building. He played a considerable part in the planning of the 1893 Chicago World's Fair. Jenney is accepted as having been the founder of the Chicago school of architecture, and he trained many of the later noted architects and builders of the city, such as William Holabird, Martin Roche and Louis Sullivan.
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    Further Reading
    A.Woltersdorf, 1924, "The father of the skeleton frame building", Western Architecture 33.
    F.A.Randall, 1949, History of the Development of Building Construction in Chicago, Urbana: University of Illinois Press.
    C.Condit, 1964, The Chicago School of Architecture: A History of Commercial and Public Building in the Chicago Area 1875–1925, Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    DY

    Biographical history of technology > Jenney, William Le Baron

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  • Jenney, William Le Baron — ▪ American engineer and architect born Sept. 25, 1832, Fairhaven, Mass., U.S. died June 15, 1907, Los Angeles, Calif.  American civil engineer and architect whose technical innovations were of primary importance in the development of the… …   Universalium

  • JENNEY, William Le Baron — (1832 1907)    See SKYSCRAPER …   Historical Dictionary of Architecture

  • JENNEY (W. LE BARON) — JENNEY WILLIAM LE BARON (1832 1907) Formé à Paris, à l’École centrale des arts et manufactures, William Le Baron Jenney a été ingénieur avant d’être architecte. En 1868, il s’établit à Chicago et fait un cours d’architecture auquel assistent… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • William Le Baron Jenney — Vista del Home Insurance Building, Chicago. William Le Baron Jenney (1832 1907). Fue un arquitecto e ingeniero estadounidense, antiguo alumno de la École Centrale des Arts et Manufactures (École centrale Paris, en París de los años 1853 a 1856.… …   Wikipedia Español

  • William Le Baron Jenney — Le Home Insurance Building (Chicago) William Le Baron Jenney (né le 25 septembre 1832 à Fairhaven, Massachusetts mort le 14 juin 1907 à Los Angeles, Californie) est un architecte et ingénieur américain, ancien élève de l É …   Wikipédia en Français

  • William Le Baron Jenney — Das Home Insurance Building von 1885 in Chicago …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • William Le Baron Jenney — External links* [http://www.lib.colum.edu/archhistory/lejenney.htm Architect William LeBaron Jenney (1832 1907)] * …   Wikipedia

  • Jenney — (William Le Baron) (1832 1907) architecte américain de l école de Chicago …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • William LeBaron Jenney — William Le Baron Jenney Le Home Insurance Building William Le Baron Jenney (né le 25 septembre 1832 à Fairhaven, Massachusetts mort le 14 juin 1907 à Los Angeles, Californie) est un architecte et ingénieur américain, ancien… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jenney — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Lucinda Jenney (* 1954), US amerikanische Schauspielerin Neil Jenney (* 1945), US amerikanischer Maler William Le Baron Jenney (1832–1907), US amerikanischer Architekt Kategorie: Familienname …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • William Holabird — Información personal Nacimiento 11 de septiembre de 1854 Amenia (Nueva York) …   Wikipedia Español