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Interval arithmetic

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  • Interval arithmetic — Interval arithmetic, also called interval mathematics , interval analysis , and interval computation , is a method in mathematics. It has been developed by mathematicians since the 1950s and 1960s as an approach to putting bounds on rounding… …   Wikipedia

  • Interval (mathematics) — This article is about intervals of real numbers. For intervals in general mathematics, see Partially ordered set. For other uses, see Interval. In mathematics, a (real) interval is a set of real numbers with the property that any number that lies …   Wikipedia

  • Arithmetic coding — is a method for lossless data compression. Normally, a string of characters such as the words hello there is represented using a fixed number of bits per character, as in the ASCII code. Like Huffman coding, arithmetic coding is a form of… …   Wikipedia

  • Arithmetic mean — In mathematics and statistics, the arithmetic mean, often referred to as simply the mean or average when the context is clear, is a method to derive the central tendency of a sample space. The term arithmetic mean is preferred in mathematics and… …   Wikipedia

  • Interval class — In musical set theory, an interval class (usual abbreviation: ic) is the shortest distance in pitch class space between two unordered pitch classes. For example, the interval class between pitch classes 4 and 9 is 5 because 9 4 = 5 is less than 4 …   Wikipedia

  • Affine arithmetic — (AA) is a model for self validated numerical analysis. In AA, the quantities of interest are represented as affine combinations (affine forms) of certain primitive variables, which stand for sources of uncertainty in the data or approximations… …   Wikipedia

  • Significance arithmetic — is a set of rules (sometimes called significant figure rules) for approximating the propagation of uncertainty in scientific or statistical calculations. These rules can be used to find the appropriate number of significant figures to use to… …   Wikipedia

  • Greek arithmetic, geometry and harmonics: Thales to Plato — Ian Mueller INTRODUCTION: PROCLUS’ HISTORY OF GEOMETRY In a famous passage in Book VII of the Republic starting at Socrates proposes to inquire about the studies (mathēmata) needed to train the young people who will become leaders of the ideal… …   History of philosophy

  • Arbitrary-precision arithmetic — In computer science, arbitrary precision arithmetic indicates that calculations are performed on numbers whose digits of precision are limited only by the available memory of the host system. This contrasts with the faster fixed precision… …   Wikipedia

  • Confidence interval — This article is about the confidence interval. For Confidence distribution, see Confidence Distribution. In statistics, a confidence interval (CI) is a particular kind of interval estimate of a population parameter and is used to indicate the… …   Wikipedia

  • Credible interval — Bayesian statistics Theory Bayesian probability Probability interpretations Bayes theorem Bayes rule · Bayes factor Bayesian inference Bayesian network Prior · Posterior · Likelihood …   Wikipedia