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Gregory, William

  • 1 Dieterle, William

    1893-1972
       Nacido en Alemania, discipulo de Max Reinhardt, lle ga a los Estados Unidos a finales de la decada de los 20, con una importante experiencia teatral y cinematografica a sus espaldas como actor y director. En el primero de esos cometidos hay que senalar que trabajo en el Faust de F.W. Murnau (1926); en el segundo, es el autor de Geslecht in Fesseln (1928), un in tenso drama homosexual en el ambiente carcelario. En 1935 co-dirige, con su maestro, El sueno de una noche de verano (A Midsum mer Night’s Dream), mitica adaptacion de la obra de William Shakes peare. Cuenta, en su haber, con algunas otras peliculas importantes y/o de exito, como los biopics La tragedia de Louis Pasteur (The Story of Louis Pasteur, 1936) y The Life of Emile Zola (1937), por la que fue candidato al Oscar de ese ano, pero no es, desde luego, un especialista del western, genero que solo toco en una ocasion, ademas de su colaboracion, al parecer extensa, en Duelo al sol. En cualquier caso, Solo una bandera es una pelicula estimable.
        Duel in the Sun (Duelo al sol) (co-d.: King Vidor). 1946. 138 minutos. Technicolor. Selznick Releasing Organization. Jennifer Jones, Gregory Peck, Joseph Cotten, Lyonel Barrymore, Herbert Marshall, Lilian Gish, Walter Huston, Charles Bickford.
        Red Mountain (Solo una bandera). 1951. 84 minutos. Technicolor. Paramount. Alan Ladd, Lizabeth Scott, Arthur Kennedy, John Ireland.

    English-Spanish dictionary of western films > Dieterle, William

  • 2 Wellman, William A.

    1896-1975
       Nacido en Brookline, Massachusetts, William A Well man deja los estudios secundarios para jugar como profesional en un equipo de hockey sobre hielo. Con posterioridad, lo encontramos alistado en la Legion Extranjera Fran cesa y, durante la Primera Guerra Mundial, como as de la aviacion. Despues de un encuentro accidental con Douglas Fairbanks entra en el mundo del cine. Pronto, en 1923, empieza a dirigir, sobre todo westerns, hasta que su pelicula Alas (Wings, 1927), en la que tiene ocasion de plasmar, casi de modo autobiografico, sus conocimientos del universo de la aviacion, le proporciona un enorme exito y, por anadidura, el primer Oscar a la Mejor Pelicula.
       En los anos treinta es el responsable de filmes violentos y controvertidos como The Public Enemy (1931). Wellman es uno de los ilustres pioneros de Hollywood, y de nuevo, ese personaje es alguien importante en el mundo del western. Cultivo con brillantez la comedia (La reina de Nueva York, Nothing Sacred, 1937), el genero belico (Lafayette Escadrille, 1958), el filme de aventuras (Beau Geste, 1939) y el drama (Ha nacido una estrella, A Star is Born, 1937), primera version del clasico que volveria a rodar, en los anos cincuenta, George Cukor. Pero tal vez es en el western donde Wellman se encuentra mas a gusto, contribuyendo a su historia y tambien a su mitologia con algunas impresionantes peliculas que se encuentran entre lo mejor que nunca se ha hecho dentro del genero, como The Ox-Bow Incident y Cielo amarillo.
       La primera, oscura, tenebrosa, reflexiva, pone al espectador, y tambien a los personajes del drama, frente a la realidad de un linchamiento, la vieja ley del oeste que en esta ocasion se trata de trascender; un amargo y austero final resuena en nuestros oidos como si de un viento helado se tratase. Cielo amarillo, por su parte, nos cautiva con sus ecos shakespeareanos; al fin y al cabo, no deja de ser una transposicion de “La tempestad” al mundo inclemente del desierto, que encierra en su interior una ciudad fantasma como si fuera una isla. No conviene olvidar, tampoco, Caravana de mujeres, pelicula de permanente actualidad, pero es que tambien Mas alla del Missouri, a pesar de su aparente sencillez, es un modelo de renovacion narrativa.
        The Call of the Wild (La llamada de la selva). 1935. 95 minutos. Blanco y Negro. Fox. Clark Gable, Loretta Young, Jack Oakie, Reginald Owen.
        Robin Hood of El Dorado (Joaquin Murrieta). 1936. 86 minutos. Blanco y Negro. MGM. Warner Baxter, Ann Loring, Bruce Cabot.
        The Great Man’s Lady (Una gran senora). 1942. 90 minutos. Blanco y Negro. Paramount. Barbara Stanwyck, Joel McCrea, Brian Donlevy.
        The Ox-Bow Incident. 1943. 75 minutos. Blanco y Negro. Fox. Henry Fonda, Dana Andrews, Mary Beth Hugues, Anthony Quinn.
        Buffalo Bill (Aventuras de Buffalo Bill). 1944. 90 minutos. Technicolor. Fox. Joel McCrea, Maureen O’Hara, Linda Darnell.
        Yellow Sky (Cielo amarillo). 1948. 98 minutos. Blanco y Negro. Fox. Gregory Peck, Richard Widmark, Ann Baxter.
        Across the Wide Missouri (Mas alla del Missouri). 1951. 78 minutos. Technicolor. MGM. Clark Gable, Ricardo Montalban, John Hodiak, Maria Elena Marques.
        Westward the Women (Caravana de mujeres). 1952. 116 minutos. Blanco y Negro. MGM. Robert Taylor, Denise Darcel, Hope Emerson, John McIntire.
        Track of the Cat. 1954. 102 minutos. Warnercolor. CinemaScope. Wayne-Fellows (WB). Robert Mitchum, Teresa Wright.

    English-Spanish dictionary of western films > Wellman, William A.

  • 3 Wyler, William

    1902-1971
       Nacido en la ciudad de Mulhouse, entonces alemana, hoy francesa, de padres judios de origen suizo, William Wyler sufrio los efectos de la Primera Guerra Mundial en su ciudad, que paso definitivamente a manos francesas como consecuencia del Tratado de Versalles. Estudio en Lausanne, en el Instituto de Segunda Ensenanza y en la Escuela Superior de Comercio. Tras ser expulsado de esta institucion, trabajo en Paris algun tiempo antes de volver a la casa familiar. Recomendado a su tio Carl Laemmle, magnate de la Universal, marcha a los Estados Unidos, donde desde chico de los recados llego, a los 23 anos, a dirigir su primera pelicula, Crook Buster, cortometraje de dos bobinas. Su primer largometraje data de 1926, y su primera pelicula sonora, de 1930, es precisamente un western, Hell’s Heroes. Su etapa mas fecunda, hasta su encuentro providencial con la actriz Bette Davis, fue en la productora de Samuel Goldwyn, para la que rodo algunos filmes que le hicieron destacar como director, en particular Calle sin salida (Dead End, 1937), cuyo evidente origen teatral ponia de manifiesto mas si cabe la maestria de Wyler en la direccion de actores y en la creacion de ambientes. Desde Jezabel (Jezebel, 1938) en adelante, Wyler se iria consolidando como uno de los grandes directores del cine americano. Algunas de sus peliculas, como Cumbres borras cosas (Wuthering Heights, 1937), La senora Miniver (Mrs. Mini ver, 1941) o Vacaciones en Roma (Roman Holiday, 1953), son clasicos de todos los tiempos. Olvidado a raiz de su mastodontico Ben-Hur (1959), ha sido reivindicado en los ultimos anos como un modelo a seguir en lo relativo a la gramatica del relato cinematografico. En el terreno que nos ocupa, Wil liam Wyler ha dirigido un gran western, El fo rastero, con una pareja protagonista dificil de mejorar. Tambien, dentro del genero, La gran prueba, western atipico, alegato pacifista con todas las reservas, y Horizontes de grandeza, ejemplo de pelicula de gran presupuesto, simbolo de una epoca, los anos 50, en que el cine de Hollywood trataba por todos los medios de contrarrestar la creciente competencia de la television; ambas son de menor interes que la primera, aunque en ningun caso desdenables.
        Hell’s Heroes (Santos del infierno). 1929. 65 minutos. Blanco y Negro. Universal. Charles Bickford, Raymond Hatton, Maria Alba.
        The Storm. 1930. 80 minutos. Blanco y Negro. Universal. Lupe Velez, William Boyd.
        The Westerner (El forastero). 1940. 99 minutos. Blanco y Negro. Samuel Goldwyn Productions (UA). Gary Cooper, Walter Brennan, Doris Davenport.
        Friendly Persuasion (La gran prueba). 1956. 137 minutos. Color DeLuxe. Allied (MGM). Gary Cooper, Dorothy McGuire, Anthony Perkins.
        The Big Country (Horizontes de grandeza). 1958. 166 minutos. Techni color. Technirama. Anthony Productions/World Wide Pictures (UA). Gregory Peck, Jean Simmons, Charlton Heston, Carroll Baker, Burl Ives, Charles Bickford.

    English-Spanish dictionary of western films > Wyler, William

  • 4 Adams, William Bridges

    [br]
    b. 1797 Madeley, Staffordshire, England
    d. 23 July 1872 Broadstairs, Kent, England
    [br]
    English inventory particularly of road and rail vehicles and their equipment.
    [br]
    Ill health forced Adams to live abroad when he was a young man and when he returned to England in the early 1830s he became a partner in his father's firm of coachbuilders. Coaches during that period were steered by a centrally pivoted front axle, which meant that the front wheels had to swing beneath the body and were therefore made smaller than the rear wheels. Adams considered this design defective and invented equirotal coaches, built by his firm, in which the front and rear wheels were of equal diameter and the coach body was articulated midway along its length so that the front part pivoted. He also applied himself to improving vehicles for railways, which were developing rapidly then.
    In 1843 he opened his own engineering works, Fairfield Works in north London (he was not related to his contemporary William Adams, who was appointed Locomotive Superintendent to the North London Railway in 1854). In 1847 he and James Samuel, Engineer to the Eastern Counties Railway, built for that line a small steam inspection car, the Express, which was light enough to be lifted off the track. The following year Adams built a broad-gauge steam railcar, the Fairfield, for the Bristol \& Exeter Railway at the insistance of the line's Engineer, C.H.Gregory: self-propelled and passenger-carrying, this was the first railcar. Adams developed the concept further into a light locomotive that could haul two or three separate carriages, and light locomotives built both by his own firm and by other noted builders came into vogue for a decade or more.
    In 1847 Adams also built eight-wheeled coaches for the Eastern Counties Railway that were larger and more spacious than most others of the day: each in effect comprised two four-wheeled coaches articulated together, with wheels that were allowed limited side-play. He also realized the necessity for improvements to railway track, the weakest point of which was the joints between the rails, whose adjoining ends were normally held in common chairs. Adams invented the fishplated joint, first used by the Eastern Counties Railway in 1849 and subsequently used almost universally.
    Adams was a prolific inventor. Most important of his later inventions was the radial axle, which was first applied to the leading and trailing wheels of a 2–4–2 tank engine, the White Raven, built in 1863; Adams's radial axle was the forerunner of all later radial axles. However, the sprung tyres with which White Raven was also fitted (an elastic steel hoop was interposed between wheel centre and tyre) were not perpetuated. His inventiveness was not restricted to engineering: in matters of dress, his adoption, perhaps invention, of the turn-down collar at a time when men conventionally wore standup collars had lasting effect.
    [br]
    Bibliography
    Adams took out some thirty five British patents, including one for the fishplate in 1847. He wrote copiously, as journalist and author: his most important book was English Pleasure Carriages (1837), a detailed description of coachbuilding, together with ideas for railway vehicles and track. The 1971 reprint (Bath: Adams \& Dart) has a biographical introduction by Jack Simmons.
    Further Reading
    C.Hamilton Ellis, 1958, Twenty Locomotive Men, Shepperton: Ian Allan, Ch. 1. See also England, George.
    PJGR

    Biographical history of technology > Adams, William Bridges

  • 5 Dawson, William

    SUBJECT AREA: Textiles
    [br]
    b. mid-eighteenth century
    d. c.1805 London, England
    [br]
    English inventor of the notched wheel for making patterns on early warp knitting machines.
    [br]
    William Dawson, a Leicester framework knitter, made an important addition to William Lee's knitting machine with his invention of the notched wheel in 1791. Lee's machine could make only plain knitting; to be able to knit patterns, there had to be some means of mechanically selecting and operating, independently of all the others, any individual thread, needle, lever or bar at work in the machine. This was partly achieved when Dawson devised a wheel that was irregularly notched on its edge and which, when rotated, pushed sprung bars, which in turn operated on the needles or other parts of the recently invented warp knitting machines. He seems to have first applied the idea for the knitting of military sashes, but then found it could be adapted to plait stay laces with great rapidity. With the financial assistance of two Leicester manufacturers and with his own good mechanical ability, Dawson found a way of cutting his wheels. However, the two financiers withdrew their support because he did not finish the design on time, although he was able to find a friend in a Nottingham architect, Mr Gregory, who helped him to obtain the patent. A number of his machines were set up in Nottingham but, like many other geniuses, he squandered his money away. When the patent expired, he asked Lord Chancellor Eldon to have it renewed: he moved his workshop to London, where Eldon inspected his machine, but the patent was not extended and in consequence Dawson committed suicide.
    [br]
    Bibliography
    1791, British patent no. 1,820 (notched wheel for knitting machine).
    Further Reading
    W.Felkin, 1867, History of Machine-Wrought Hosiery and Lace Manufacture (covers Dawson's invention).
    W.English, 1969, The Textile Industry, London (provides an outline history of the development of knitting machines).
    RLH

    Biographical history of technology > Dawson, William

  • 6 sweet-william

    ˈswi:tˈwɪljəm сущ.;
    бот. турецкая гвоздика n турецкая гвоздика sweet-william бот. турецкая гвоздика

    Большой англо-русский и русско-английский словарь > sweet-william

  • 7 Gregory

    Gregory - Грегори

    Англо-русский словарь Мюллера > Gregory

  • 8 William

    William - Уильям, Вильям; Вильгельм

    Англо-русский словарь Мюллера > William

  • 9 Gregory

    Gregory noun Грегори

    Англо-русский словарь Мюллера > Gregory

  • 10 gregory-powder

    gregory-powder noun ревенный порошок (слабительное)

    Англо-русский словарь Мюллера > gregory-powder

  • 11 sweet-william

    sweet-william noun bot. турецкая гвоздика

    Англо-русский словарь Мюллера > sweet-william

  • 12 William

    William noun Уильям, Вильям; Вильгельм

    Англо-русский словарь Мюллера > William

  • 13 Hewlett, William

    перс.
    упр. Хьюллет, Уильям (1913-2001; американский бизнесмен и теоретик менеджмента; получил инженерное образование в Стенфордском университете; в 1939 вместе с Д. Пакардом основал компанию Hewlett-Packard; был президентом компании с 1964 по 1977 г., затем до 1987 г. состоял в совете директоров)
    See:

    Англо-русский экономический словарь > Hewlett, William

  • 14 Gregory

    1) Общая лексика: Грегори (мужское имя), Григорий
    2) Религия: Григорий I, (1227-41, one of the most vigorous of the 13th-century Popes, a canon lawyer, theologian, defender of papal prerogatives, and founder of the papal Inquisition) Григорий IX, (A feast held on St. Gregory's Day, 12 March) День св. Григория, (From 996 to 999, the first German Pope, whose pontificate was among the most turbulent in history) Григорий V, (One of the great reform Popes of the Middle Ages, reigned 1073-85) Григорий VII, (Pope from 1045 to 1046 who was accused of simony at the Council of Sutri, Papal States, held by the Holy Roman emperor Henry III in 1046, and he abdicated on December 20) Григорий VI, (Pope from 1271 to 1276, who reformed the assembly of cardinals that elects the Pope) Григорий X, (Pope from 1406 to 1415. He was the last of the Roman line during the Western Schism, when the papacy was contested by antipopes in Avignon and in Pisa) Григорий XII, (Pope from 1572 to 1585, who promulgated the Gregorian calendar and founded a system of seminaries for Roman Catholic priests) Григорий XIII, (Pope from 1590 to 1591. He continued the policies of his immediate predecessors, particularly in furthering the internal reform of the church.) Григорий XIV, (The last French Pope and the last of the Avignonese Popes, when Avignon was the papal seat. He reigned from 1370 to 1378) Григорий XI, (VIII)(Antipope from 1118 to 1121 who was excommunicated by Gelasius in 1118 and by Pope Calixtus II in 1119. He died in exile) Григорий (VIII)
    3) Сленг: чек (I never had any bread on me, so I had to pay by Gregory. У меня никогда не было с собой наличных, так что я заплатил чеком.)

    Универсальный англо-русский словарь > Gregory

  • 15 Caxton, William

    брит. Ви́льям Кэ́кстон (английский первопечатник)

    British printing also began in Germany. This statement is backed up by the fact that William Caxton, England's first printer, learned to print in Cologne and the additional information that both the pioneer printers at Oxford and Cambridge came from that town.

    Англо-русский универсальный дополнительный практический переводческий словарь И. Мостицкого > Caxton, William

  • 16 Gregory of Tours

    имя собст. Gregory of Tours — Грегори из Тура (538? — 593), священнослужитель и историк, епископ г. Тура. Его «История франков» является основным источником сведений о культуре Меровингов — первой королевской династии во франкском государстве (конец 5 в. — 751), названной по имени основателя рода — Меровея (Merovee).

    Англо-русский универсальный дополнительный практический переводческий словарь И. Мостицкого > Gregory of Tours

  • 17 Pickering William

    William H. Pickering — Уильям Генри Пикеринг (1858 — 1938), американский астроном, открыл Фебу (Phoebe [`fi:bi]), девятый спутник планеты Сатурн

    Англо-русский универсальный дополнительный практический переводческий словарь И. Мостицкого > Pickering William

  • 18 Turner, William

    Joseph Mallord William (1775-1851)
    Уильям Тернер (англ. художник)

    Картина британского художника Уильяма Тернера "Храм Юпитера Панэллинского" была продана на аукционе старых мастеров Sotheby's в Нью-Йорке за 12,9 миллиона долларов, став самым дорогим лотом торгов.

    Англо-русский универсальный дополнительный практический переводческий словарь И. Мостицкого > Turner, William

  • 19 William Caxton

    брит. Ви́льям Кэ́кстон (английский первопечатник)

    British printing also began in Germany. This statement is backed up by the fact that William Caxton, England's first printer, learned to print in Cologne and the additional information that both the pioneer printers at Oxford and Cambridge came from that town.

    Англо-русский универсальный дополнительный практический переводческий словарь И. Мостицкого > William Caxton

  • 20 William H. Pickering

    William H. Pickering — Уильям Генри Пикеринг (1858 — 1938), американский астроном, открыл Фебу (Phoebe [`fi:bi]), девятый спутник планеты Сатурн

    Англо-русский универсальный дополнительный практический переводческий словарь И. Мостицкого > William H. Pickering

См. также в других словарях:

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