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FULLER, Richard Buckminster

  • 1 Fuller, Richard Buckminster

    [br]
    b. 12 July 1895 Milton, Massachusetts, USA
    d. 1 July 1983 Los Angeles, California, USA
    [br]
    American engineer, designer and inventor noted particularly for his creation of the geodesic dome.
    [br]
    After naval service during the First World War, Fuller worked for some time in the building industry with his father, who was an architect. In 1927 he became interested in trying to solve social problems by providing good, low-cost housing for an expanding population. Utilizing modern techniques applicable in other industries, such as the design of aircraft and ships, he produced his "Dymaxion House", which was transportable and cheap. This was followed in 1946 by his aluminium, stressed-skin, prefabricated house. The geodesic dome is the structural concept for which Fuller is particularly known. It was patented in 1954 and 300,000 were built over a thirty-year period. He had envisaged the dome being utilized on smaller or larger, simple or complex patterns for a wide variety of needs such as enclosing a covered area for a house, a botanical garden, an exhibition pavilion, a factory, a weather station or, indeed, an entire city. A famous example that he designed was that for the US pavilion at Expo '67 in Montreal. A geodesic dome is generally spherical in form, the chief structural elements of which are interconnected in a geodesic pattern, i.e. one in which the lines connecting two points are the shortest possible. The structure is composed of slender, lightweight struts (usually of aluminium) arranged in geometrical patterns, with the metal skeleton covered by a light, plastic material. Inside the dome, all the space is usable and the climate is controllable. Fuller wrote and lectured widely on his patented invention, explaining the importance of structural research particularly in relation to world needs.
    [br]
    Bibliography
    1975, Synergetics: Exploration on the Geometry of Thinking, Macmillan.
    1973, with R.W.Marks, The Dymaxion World of Buckminster Fuller, New York: Reprint Anchor.
    Further Reading
    M.Pawley, 1990, Buckminster Fuller, Trefoil Books.
    DY

    Biographical history of technology > Fuller, Richard Buckminster

  • 2 Fuller, (Richard) Buckminster

    (1895-1983) Фуллер, (Ричард) Бакминстер
    Дизайнер, инженер, математик и философ. Учился в Гарварде [ Harvard University]. С 1947 разрабатывал легкие и прочные "геодезические купола" [ geodesic dome] - пространственные стальные конструкции из прямых стержней. Им созданы выставочный павильон США в Сокольниках в Москве (1959), павильон США на Всемирной выставке в Монреале (1967). Внес значительный вклад в философии борьбы за мир, создав концепцию "космического корабля Земля" [Spaceship Earth]. Выступал с теорией "тотального дизайна" - изменения жизни средствами рациональной технологии. В Лос-Анджелесе действует институт его имени [The Buckminster Fuller Institute], занимающийся распространением его наследия

    English-Russian dictionary of regional studies > Fuller, (Richard) Buckminster

  • 3 Fuller, Richard Buckminster

    [ˊfulǝr] Фуллер, Ричард Бакминстер (18951983), архитектор и инженер

    США. Лингвострановедческий англо-русский словарь > Fuller, Richard Buckminster

См. также в других словарях:

  • FULLER, Richard Buckminster — (1895 1983)    See DOME; STEEL …   Historical Dictionary of Architecture

  • Fuller, R Buckminster — ▪ American architect Introduction born July 12, 1895, Milton, Mass., U.S. died July 1, 1983, Los Angeles  U.S. engineer and architect who developed the geodesic dome, the only large dome that can be set directly on the ground as a complete… …   Universalium

  • Richard Buckminster Fuller — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Retrato de Fuller alrededor de 1917. Richard Buckminster Fuller (12 de julio de 1895 1 de julio de 1983), diseñador, ingeniero, visionario e inventor …   Wikipedia Español

  • Richard Buckminster — Fuller Pour les articles homonymes, voir Fuller. R. Buckminster Fuller vers 1917 Richard Buckminster Fuller (12 juillet …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Richard Buckminster Fuller — (12 de julio de 1895 1 de julio de 1983), diseñador, arquitecto e inventor estadounidense. También fue profesor en la universidad sureña de Illinois y un prolífero escritor …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Richard Buckminster Fuller — R. Buckminster Fuller, ca. 1917 Richard Buckminster Fuller (oft abgekürzt zu R. Buckminster Fuller, auch Bucky Fuller genannt; * 12. Juli 1895 in Milton, Massachusetts; † 1. Juli 1983 in Los Angeles) war ein US amerikanischer Architekt …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Richard Buckminster Fuller — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Fuller. R. Buckminster Fuller vers 1917 Richard Buckminster Fuller (12 juillet 1895 à …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Richard Buckminster Fuller — noun United States architect who invented the geodesic dome (1895 1983) • Syn: ↑Fuller, ↑Buckminster Fuller, ↑R. Buckminster Fuller • Instance Hypernyms: ↑architect, ↑designer, ↑engineer, ↑applied scientist, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Richard Buckminster Fuller — ➡ Fuller * * * …   Universalium

  • Richard Errett Smalley — (* 6. Juni 1943 in Akron, Ohio; † 28. Oktober 2005) war ein amerikanischer Chemiker. Leben Smalley war Professor an der Rice University in Houston, Texas. 1996 wurde Smalley, einer der Pioniere auf dem Feld der Nanotechnologie, zusammen mit… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Richard Smalley — Richard Errett Smalley (* 6. Juni 1943 in Akron, Ohio; † 28. Oktober 2005) war ein amerikanischer Chemiker. Leben Smalley war Professor an der Rice University in Houston, Texas. 1996 wurde Smalley, einer der Pioniere auf dem Feld der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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