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# Bayesian decision theory

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• Bayesian decision theory — /ˌbeɪziən dɪ sɪʒ(ə)n ˌθɪəri/ noun a method for helping decision making, often applied to new product development. The decision maker is aware of alternatives, can work out the probable advantages or disadvantages of the alternatives, and makes up …   Marketing dictionary in english

• Decision theory — in economics, psychology, philosophy, mathematics, and statistics is concerned with identifying the values, uncertainties and other issues relevant in a given decision, its rationality, and the resulting optimal decision. It is closely related to …   Wikipedia

• Info-gap decision theory — is a non probabilistic decision theory that seeks to optimize robustness to failure – or opportuneness for windfall – under severe uncertainty,[1][2] in particular applying sensitivity analysis of the stability radius type[3] to perturbations in… …   Wikipedia

• Bayesian probability — Bayesian statistics Theory Bayesian probability Probability interpretations Bayes theorem Bayes rule · Bayes factor Bayesian inference Bayesian network Prior · Posterior · Likelihood …   Wikipedia

• Bayesian inference — is statistical inference in which evidence or observations are used to update or to newly infer the probability that a hypothesis may be true. The name Bayesian comes from the frequent use of Bayes theorem in the inference process. Bayes theorem… …   Wikipedia

• Decision analysis — (DA) is the discipline comprising the philosophy, theory, methodology, and professional practice necessary to address important decisions in a formal manner. Decision analysis includes many procedures, methods, and tools for identifying, clearly… …   Wikipedia

• Decision-theoretic rough sets — (DTRS) is a probabilistic extension of rough set classification. First created in 1990 by Dr. Yiyu Yao[1], the extension makes use of loss functions to derive and region parameters. Like rough sets, the lower and upper approximations of a set are …   Wikipedia

• Bayesian network — A Bayesian network, Bayes network, belief network or directed acyclic graphical model is a probabilistic graphical model that represents a set of random variables and their conditional dependencies via a directed acyclic graph (DAG). For example …   Wikipedia

• Theory of conjoint measurement — The theory of conjoint measurement (also known as conjoint measurement or additive conjoint measurement) is a general, formal theory of continuous quantity. It was independently discovered by the French economist Gerard Debreu (1960) and by the… …   Wikipedia

• Bayesian model comparison — A common problem in statistical inference is to use data to decide between two or more competing models. Frequentist statistics uses hypothesis tests for this purpose. There are several Bayesian approaches. One approach is through Bayes… …   Wikipedia

• Bayesian game — In game theory, a Bayesian game is one in which information about characteristics of the other players (i.e. payoffs) is incomplete. Following John C. Harsanyi s framework, a Bayesian game can be modelled by introducing Nature as a player in a… …   Wikipedia

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