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  • 1 Babbage


    Большой англо-русский и русско-английский словарь > Babbage

  • 2 Babbage

    n. Babbage, familienaam; Charles Babbage (1792-1871), Engelse wiskundige en de "vader van de berekening", uitvinder van een wiskundige rekenmachine die de voorganger was van de huidige computers

    English-Dutch dictionary > Babbage

  • 3 Babbage

    Математика: Беббидж, Бэббидж

    Универсальный англо-русский словарь > Babbage

  • 4 Babbage

    n. בבג', שם משפחה; צ'ארלס בבג' (1792-1871), מתמטיקאי בריטי הנחשב ל"אבי המיחשוב", ממציא מכונת החישוב הראשונה שהיתה מאבות המחשב המודרני
    * * *
    ינרדומה בשחמה תובאמ התיהש הנושארה בושיחה תנוכמ איצממ,"בושחימה יבא"ל בשחנה יטירב יאקיטמתמ,(1781-2971) 'גבב סלרא'צ ;החפשמ םש,'גבב

    English-Hebrew dictionary > Babbage

  • 5 babbage

    • bebidž

    English-Serbian dictionary > babbage

  • 6 Babbage

    n. Чарльз Баббэдж (1792-1871) английский матаматик и "отец вычислительной техники", изобретатель математической вычислительной машины - предшественника современного компьютера (комп.)

    Новый англо-русский словарь > Babbage

  • 7 Babbage, Charles

    b. 26 December 1791 Walworth, Surrey, England
    d. 18 October 1871 London, England
    English mathematician who invented the forerunner of the modern computer.
    Charles Babbage was the son of a banker, Benjamin Babbage, and was a sickly child who had a rather haphazard education at private schools near Exeter and later at Enfield. Even as a child, he was inordinately fond of algebra, which he taught himself. He was conversant with several advanced mathematical texts, so by the time he entered Trinity College, Cambridge, in 1811, he was ahead of his tutors. In his third year he moved to Peterhouse, whence he graduated in 1814, taking his MA in 1817. He first contributed to the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society in 1815, and was elected a fellow of that body in 1816. He was one of the founders of the Astronomical Society in 1820 and served in high office in it.
    While he was still at Cambridge, in 1812, he had the first idea of calculating numerical tables by machinery. This was his first difference engine, which worked on the principle of repeatedly adding a common difference. He built a small model of an engine working on this principle between 1820 and 1822, and in July of the latter year he read an enthusiastically received note about it to the Astronomical Society. The following year he was awarded the Society's first gold medal. He submitted details of his invention to Sir Humphry Davy, President of the Royal Society; the Society reported favourably and the Government became interested, and following a meeting with the Chancellor of the Exchequer Babbage was awarded a grant of £1,500. Work proceeded and was carried on for four years under the direction of Joseph Clement.
    In 1827 Babbage went abroad for a year on medical advice. There he studied foreign workshops and factories, and in 1832 he published his observations in On the Economy of Machinery and Manufactures. While abroad, he received the news that he had been appointed Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at Cambridge University. He held the Chair until 1839, although he neither resided in College nor gave any lectures. For this he was paid between £80 and £90 a year! Differences arose between Babbage and Clement. Manufacture was moved from Clement's works in Lambeth, London, to new, fireproof buildings specially erected by the Government near Babbage's house in Dorset Square, London. Clement made a large claim for compensation and, when it was refused, withdrew his workers as well as all the special tools he had made up for the job. No work was possible for the next fifteen months, during which Babbage conceived the idea of his "analytical engine". He approached the Government with this, but it was not until eight years later, in 1842, that he received the reply that the expense was considered too great for further backing and that the Government was abandoning the project. This was in spite of the demonstration and perfectly satisfactory operation of a small section of the analytical engine at the International Exhibition of 1862. It is said that the demands made on manufacture in the production of his engines had an appreciable influence in improving the standard of machine tools, whilst similar benefits accrued from his development of a system of notation for the movements of machine elements. His opposition to street organ-grinders was a notable eccentricity; he estimated that a quarter of his mental effort was wasted by the effect of noise on his concentration.
    Principal Honours and Distinctions
    FRS 1816. Astronomical Society Gold Medal 1823.
    Babbage wrote eighty works, including: 1864, Passages from the Life of a Philosopher.
    July 1822, Letter to Sir Humphry Davy, PRS, on the Application of Machinery to the purpose of calculating and printing Mathematical Tables.
    Further Reading
    1961, Charles Babbage and His Calculating Engines: Selected Writings by Charles Babbage and Others, eds Philip and Emily Morrison, New York: Dover Publications.

    Biographical history of technology > Babbage, Charles

См. также в других словарях:

  • Babbage — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Babbage es una formación geológica de la Luna nombrada en honor del matemático británico Charles Babbage. Se trata de una llanura elíptica y amurallada que se encuentra en el segundo cuadrante de la cara visible de… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Babbage — ist der Familienname von Charles Babbage (1791−1871); englischer Mathematiker, Philosoph, Erfinder und Ökonom Dennis W. Babbage (?–2009), britischer Mathematiker und Kryptoanalytiker Diese Seite ist eine Begrif …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Babbage — (spr. Bäbbidsch), Charles, geb. um 1790, Professor der Mathematik zu Cambridge, Erfinder einer Rechnenmaschine, welche ihre Fehler augenblicklich selbst verbessern u. welche mathematische u. seemännische Tafeln berechnen u. zugleich drucken… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Babbage — (spr. bäbbidsch), Charles, Mathematiker, geb. 26. Dez. 1792 (1791) zu Teignmouth in Devonshire, gest. 20. Okt. 1871, studierte auf dem Trinity College zu Cambridge, war 1828–39 daselbst Professor der Mathematik und lebte dann als Privatgelehrter… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Babbage — (Bäbbidsch), Charles, geb. 1790, Professor der Mathematik in Cambridge, einer der größten Mathematiker und Mechaniker unserer Zeit, berühmt durch die Erfindung einer Rechenmaschine, welche größere mathematische und seemännische Tafeln verfertigen …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Babbage — Charles …   Scientists

  • Babbage — (Charles) (1792 1871) mathématicien anglais; il conçut l une des premières calculatrices …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Babbage — [bab′ij] Charles 1792 1871; Eng. mathematician & computer pioneer …   English World dictionary

  • Babbage — Charles Babbage Charles Babbage Charles Babbage (né le 26 décembre 1791 à Teignmouths, Devonshire, Angleterre, mort le 18 octobre 1871) était un mathématicien britannique et l un des précur …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Babbage — I Babbage   [ bæbɪdʒ], Charles, britischer Mathematiker, * bei Teignmouth (County Devon) 26. 12. 1792, ✝ London 18. 10. 1871; wirkte in Cambridge (seit 1828 Professor); war Mitbegründer der Royal Astronomical Society (1820), der British… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Babbage — Formación geológica de la Luna nombrada en honor del matemático británico Charles Babbage. Se trata de una llanura elíptica y amurallada que se encuentra en el segundo cuadrante de la cara visible de la Luna. Mide unos 190 km de longitud y… …   Enciclopedia Universal


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