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BEHRENS, Peter

  • 1 Behrens, Peter

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    b. 14 April 1868 Hamburg, Germany
    d. 27 February 1940 Berlin, Germany
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    German pioneer of modern architecture, developer of the combined use of steel, glass and concrete in industrial work.
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    During the 1890s Behrens, as an artist, was a member of the German branch of Sezessionismus and then moved towards Jugendstil (Art Nouveau) types of design in different media. His interest in architecture was aroused during the first years of the twentieth century, and a turning-point in his career was his appointment in 1907 as Artistic Supervisor and Consultant to AEG, the great Berlin electrical firm. His Turbine Factory (1909) in the city was a breakthrough in design and is still standing: in steel and glass, with visible girder construction, this is a truly functional modern building far ahead of its time. In 1910 two more of Behrens's factories were completed in Berlin, followed in 1913 by the great AEG plant at Riga, Latvia.
    After the First World War Behrens was in great demand for industrial construction. He designed office schemes such as those at the Mannesmann Steel Works in Dusseldorf (1911–12; now destroyed) and, in a departure from his earlier work, was responsible for a more Expressionist form of design, mainly in brick, in his extensive complex for I.G.Farben at Höchst (1920–4).
    In the years before the First World War, some of those who were later amongst the most famous names in modern architecture were among his pupils: Gropius, Mies van der Rohe and Le Corbusier (Charles-Edouard Jeanneret).
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    Further Reading
    T.Buddenseig, 1979, Industrielkultur: Peter Behrens und die AEG 1907–14, Berlin: Mann.
    W.Weber (ed.), 1966, Peter Behrens (1868–1940), Kaiserslautern, Germany: Pfalzgalerie.
    DY

    Biographical history of technology > Behrens, Peter

См. также в других словарях:

  • BEHRENS, Peter — (1868 1940)    Peter Behrens was instrumental in the architectural reform in Germany at the turn of the 20th century that led to a more modern form of architecture called the International style. In 1907, Behrens, together with 11 other… …   Historical Dictionary of Architecture

  • Behrens, Peter — (1868 1940)    architect; perhaps the foremost industrial designer in the first quarter of the twentieth century. Born in Hamburg, he inherited considerable wealth as a teenage orphan and used it to study art. He moved to Munich, where his… …   Historical dictionary of Weimar Republik

  • Behrens, Peter — born April 14, 1868, Hamburg died Feb. 27, 1940, Berlin, Ger. German architect and designer. He became director of Düsseldorf s arts and crafts school in 1903. The large electrical company AEG hired him in 1907 as its artistic adviser, a… …   Universalium

  • Behrens, Peter — ► (1868 1940) Arquitecto alemán. Surgido artísticamente del Jugendstil, superó muy pronto esta etapa y pasó a desarrollar un lenguaje arquitectónico inspirado en criterios funcionales, por lo que se le ha considerado uno de los precursores del… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • peter — peter1 /pee teuhr/, v.i. peter out 1. to diminish gradually and stop; dwindle to nothing: The hot water always peters out in the middle of my shower. 2. to tire; exhaust (usually used as a past participle): I m petered out after that walk. [1805… …   Universalium

  • Peter — /pee teuhr/, n. 1. Also called Simon Peter. died A.D. 67?, one of the 12 apostles and the reputed author of two of the Epistles. 2. either of these two Epistles in the New Testament, I Peter or II Peter. 3. a word formerly used in communications… …   Universalium

  • Peter — (as used in expressions) Altgeld, John Peter Behrens, Peter Lawrence Peter Berra Brook, Sir Peter (Stephen Paul) Carey, Peter (Philip) Cooper, Peter Davies, Sir Peter Maxwell Debye, Peter Doherty, Peter Charles Dunne, Finley Pe …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Peter Behrens — Peter Behrens, um 1913 Peter Behrens (* 14. April 1868 in Hamburg; † 27. Februar 1940 in Berlin) war ein deutscher Architekt, Maler, Designer und Typograf und gilt als ein führender Vertreter des modernen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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