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  • 1 Ailsa Craig

    English-Russian Great Britain dictionary (Великобритания. Лингвострановедческий словарь) > Ailsa Craig

  • 2 Fife, William

    SUBJECT AREA: Ports and shipping
    b. 15 June 1857 Fairlie, Scotland
    d. 11 August 1944 Fairlie, Scotland
    Scottish naval architect and designer of sailing yachts of legendary beauty and performance.
    Following his education at Brisbane Academy in Largs, William Fife (the third generation of the name) became apprenticed at the age of 14 to the already famous yacht-building yard owned by his family at Fairlie in Ayrshire. On completion of his apprenticeship, he joined the Paisley shipbuilders John Fullerton \& Co. to gain experience in iron shipbuilding before going on as Manager to the Marquis of Ailsa's Culzean Steam Launch and Yacht Works. Initially the works was sited below the famous castle at Culzean, but some years later it moved a few miles along the Ayrshire Coast to Maidens. The Culzean Company was wound up in 1887 and Fife then returned to the family yard, where he remained for the rest of his working life. Many outstanding yachts were the product of his hours on the drawing board, including auxiliary sailing cruisers, motor yachts and well-known racing craft. The most outstanding designs were for two of Sir Thomas Lipton's challengers for the America's Cup: Shamrock I and Shamrock III. The latter yacht was tested at the Ship Model Experiment Tank owned by Denny of Dumbarton before being built at their Leven Shipyard in 1903. Shamrock III may have been one of the earliest America's Cup yachts to have been designed with a high level of scientific input. The hull construction was unusual for the early years of the twentieth century, being of alloy steel with decks of aluminium.
    William Fife was decorated for his service to shipbuilding during the First World War. With the onset of the Great Depression the shipyard's output slowed, and in the 1930s it was sold to other interests; this was the end of the 120-year Fife dynasty.
    Principal Honours and Distinctions
    OBE c.1919.

    Biographical history of technology > Fife, William

  • 3 Howden, James

    b. 29 February 1832 Prestonpans, East Lothian, Scotland
    d. 21 November 1913 Glasgow, Scotland
    Scottish engineer and boilermaker, inventor of the forced-draught system for the boiler combustion chamber.
    Howden was educated in Prestonpans. While aged only 14 or 15, he travelled across Scotland by canal to Glasgow, where he served an engineering apprenticeship with James Gray \& Co. In 1853 he completed his time and for some months served with the civil engineers Bell and Miller, and then with Robert Griffiths, a designer of screw propellers for ships. In 1854, at the age of 22, Howden set up as a consulting engineer and designer. He designed a rivet-making machine from which he realized a fair sum by the sale of patent rights, this assisting him in converting the design business into a manufacturing one. His first contract for a marine engine came in 1859 for the compound steam engine and the watertube boilers of the Anchor Liner Ailsa Craig. This ship operated at 100 psi (approximately 7 kg/cm2), well above the norm for those days. James Howden \& Co. was formed in 1862. Despite operating in the world's most competitive market, the new company remained prosperous through the flow of inventions in marine propulsion. Shipbuilding was added to the company's list of services, but such work was subcontracted. Work was obtained from all the great shipping companies building in the Glasgow region, and with such throughput Howden's could afford research and experimentation. This led to the Howden hot-air forced-draught system, whereby furnace waste gases were used to heat the air being drawn into the combustion chambers. The first installation was on the New York City, built in 1885 for West Indian service. Howden's fertile mind brought about a fully enclosed high-speed marine steam engine in the 1900s and, shortly after, the Howden-Zoelly impulse steam turbine for land operation. Until his death, Howden worked on many technical and business problems: he was involved in the St Helena Whaling Company, marble quarrying in Greece and in the design of a recoilless gun for the Admiralty.
    Principal Honours and Distinctions
    Howden was the last surviving member of the group who founded the Institution of Engineers and Shipbuilders in Scotland in 1857.
    Howden contributed several papers to the Institution of Engineers and Shipbuilders in Scotland.
    Further Reading
    C.W.Munn, 1986, "James Howden", Dictionary of Scottish Business Biography, Vol. I, Aberdeen.

    Biographical history of technology > Howden, James

См. также в других словарях:

  • Ailsa — f Scottish: modern name derived from that of Ailsa Craig, a high rocky islet in the Clyde estuary off the Ayrshire coast, near the traditional estates of the Scottish Kennedys. Its name is derived from Old Norse Alfsigesey ‘island of Alfsigr’, a… …   First names dictionary

  • Ailsa — (spr. Älsa, Ailze), Felsen an der Küste der schottischen Grafschaft Ayr im Frith of Clyde, 945 Fuß hoch, mit Thurm …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Ailsa —    AILSA, an island belonging to the parish of Dailly, in the district of Carrick, county of Ayr. This island lies in the Frith of Clyde, between the shores of Ayrshire and Cantyre, from the former of which it is distant eight miles; it is a… …   A Topographical dictionary of Scotland

  • Ailsa Shipbuilding Company — Ailsa Perth, Limited Rechtsform Ltd. Gründung 1885 Auflösung 2000 Sitz Troon Branche Schiffswerft …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ailsa Shipbuilding Company — was a shipbuilding company based in Troon, Scotland. The company was founded in 1885 by Archibland Kennedy, the 3rd Marquess of Ailsa. Spirit of the Scotia The Ailsa yard fitted out the polar exploration ship Scotia for the Scottish National… …   Wikipedia

  • Ailsa Craig — Gewässer Firth of Clyde Geographische Lage …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ailsa Craig (Ontario) — Ailsa Craig Lage in Ontario …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ailsa Bay — Distillerie Pays Écosse Ville Girvan (Lowlands) Coordonnées …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ailsa Mellon Bruce — (June 28 1901 August 25, 1969), born in Pittsburgh, was a prominent socialite and the daughter of the banker and diplomat Andrew W. Mellon. She served from 1921 to 1932 as her father s official hostess during his tenure as United States Secretary …   Wikipedia

  • Ailsa Craig (Begriffsklärung) — Ailsa Craig bezeichnet Ailsa Craig, eine Insel in Schottland Ailsa Craig (Südliche Orkneyinseln), eine Insel der Südlichen Orkneyinseln Ailsa Craig (Ontario), eine Stadt in der kanadischen Provinz Ontario Diese Seite ist eine Begriff …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ailsa Marshall — Ailsa Marshall, née le 14 mai 1978, est une top model britannique, qui apparaît au cinéma et dans quelques séries télévisées, telles que Gilmore Girls ou Entourage. Sommaire 1 Filmographie 2 Voir aussi 2 …   Wikipédia en Français


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