Перевод: с английского на все языки

A History of French Architecture

  • 1 Queluz, National Palace of

       Considered Portugal's most beautiful former royal residence among a host of palaces, Queluz Palace was built in the 18th century. It is rightly regarded as the Portuguese mini-Versailles for several reasons. In some respects a miniature version of France's colossal palace and garden, Queluz, with its unusual gardens and park located west of Lisbon near Sin-tra, bears the touch of French architects and decorators, has French furniture and décor, and even boasts its own small Hall of Mirrors à la Versailles, the Throne Room. Queluz was a favorite dwelling place of King João VI and family, and symbolizes Portugal's efforts to be counted as worthy of the greatest European powers' tastes and standards of the day.
       Queluz's history began with a mid-17th century noble's country house, altered to accommodate the royal princes for a summer residence away from the noise and heat of Lisbon. Palace construction began in 1747 and lasted at least until 1786. Portuguese baroque and neoclassical styles dominate the charming palace's interior and exterior. The main architects were Portuguese and Italian, and also included the French decorator-artist Robillon. For materials, rare woods were imported from Brazil and marble from Italy. Especially striking in the garden-park, with its own small canal and walking bridges, are the azulejos or glazed tiles along the canal. In 1908, King Manuel II transferred ownership of Queluz to the state, and extensive restorations began in 1933.

    Historical dictionary of Portugal > Queluz, National Palace of

См. также в других словарях:

  • French architecture — History: BaroqueClassicismEmpire Styles French provincialOne of the most distinctive characteristics of many French buildings is the tall second story windows, often arched at the top, that break through the cornice and rise above the eaves. This …   Wikipedia

  • French language — French La langue française Pronunciation [fʁɑ̃sɛ] Spoken in See below Native speakers 68 million (2005) …   Wikipedia

  • architecture — /ahr ki tek cheuhr/, n. 1. the profession of designing buildings, open areas, communities, and other artificial constructions and environments, usually with some regard to aesthetic effect. Architecture often includes design or selection of… …   Universalium

  • Architecture of the medieval cathedrals of England — The medieval cathedrals of England, dating from between approximately 1040 and 1540, are a group of twenty five buildings which together constitute a major aspect of the country’s artistic heritage and are among the most significant material… …   Wikipedia

  • History of Chicago — Site of Chicagou on the lake, in Guillaume de L Isle s map (Paris, 1718) The history of Chicago, Illinois, has played an important role in the history of the United States. Americans founded the city in 1832. The Chicago area s recorded history… …   Wikipedia

  • French art — For practical purposes, the history of French art has been divided into a series of separate articles accessible through the template to the right. The template also gives direct access to French art category indexes, such as alphabetical lists… …   Wikipedia

  • Architecture of Denmark — Renaissance styled Frederiksborg Palace completed by Hans van Steenwinckel the Younger in 1620 …   Wikipedia

  • Architecture of Canada — The architecture of Canada is, with the exception of that of the First Nations, closely linked to the techniques and styles developed in Europe and the United States. However, design has long needed to be adapted to Canada s climate and geography …   Wikipedia

  • French literature — Introduction       the body of written works in the French language produced within the geographic and political boundaries of France. The French language was one of the five major Romance languages to develop from Vulgar Latin as a result of the …   Universalium

  • History of France — The History of France has been divided into a series of separate historical articles navigable through the list to the right. The chronological era articles (highlighted in blue) address broad French historical, cultural and sociological… …   Wikipedia

  • French cuisine — Basil salmon terrine Foie gras …   Wikipedia


Другие книги по запросу «A History of French Architecture» >>