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לוחות אוגדות

  • 1 אגד I

    אָגַדI (√אג, sec. r. of אוג, v. אוּגְיָא, cmp. אגר, חגר, עקד) 1) to twine around, tie up; to close, forbid. Succ.III, 1; a. fr.Sabb.60a אוֹגֶדֶת בווכ׳ Ar. (ed. אוגרת, Ms. M. חוגרת) she fastens her hair with it.Pes.87a בנות ישראל שאוֹגְדוֹתוכ׳ ed. (Ms. M. בחורות … שמגידות, v. Hif.) the maidens in Israel who forbid intimacy to their betrothed. Erub.21b ל״א אוגדות ed. (missing in Ms. M.). 2) (denom. of אֲגוּדָּה) to form a union or faction. Sifré Deut. 294, v. Nif. B. Bath.14a לוחות אוגדות, v. אָגַר a. אָכַל. Nif. נֶאֱגַד to be tied up, united Maasr. I, 5 ירק הנֶ׳ משיֵאָגֵד vegetables ordinarily put up in bunches, are subject to tithes from the time they are tied. Y.Erub.III, 20d top.Sifré Deut. 296 שלא תאגוד עליך אגודה (read תֵּאָגֵד) no alliance (of the surrounding nations) shall be formed against thee. Hif. הֶאֱגִיד, contr. הֵיגִיד, part. מֵיגִיד, מֵגִיד to tie up, fence in, forbid. Erub.21b; Pes.87a Ms. M. (play on מגדים Cant. 7:14) שמֵגִידוֹתוכ׳ who forbid, v. supra (Rashi: שמַגִּידוֹת, v. נגד, who announce their menstruation); v. אָגַד II.

    Jewish literature > אגד I

  • 2 אָגַד

    אָגַדI (√אג, sec. r. of אוג, v. אוּגְיָא, cmp. אגר, חגר, עקד) 1) to twine around, tie up; to close, forbid. Succ.III, 1; a. fr.Sabb.60a אוֹגֶדֶת בווכ׳ Ar. (ed. אוגרת, Ms. M. חוגרת) she fastens her hair with it.Pes.87a בנות ישראל שאוֹגְדוֹתוכ׳ ed. (Ms. M. בחורות … שמגידות, v. Hif.) the maidens in Israel who forbid intimacy to their betrothed. Erub.21b ל״א אוגדות ed. (missing in Ms. M.). 2) (denom. of אֲגוּדָּה) to form a union or faction. Sifré Deut. 294, v. Nif. B. Bath.14a לוחות אוגדות, v. אָגַר a. אָכַל. Nif. נֶאֱגַד to be tied up, united Maasr. I, 5 ירק הנֶ׳ משיֵאָגֵד vegetables ordinarily put up in bunches, are subject to tithes from the time they are tied. Y.Erub.III, 20d top.Sifré Deut. 296 שלא תאגוד עליך אגודה (read תֵּאָגֵד) no alliance (of the surrounding nations) shall be formed against thee. Hif. הֶאֱגִיד, contr. הֵיגִיד, part. מֵיגִיד, מֵגִיד to tie up, fence in, forbid. Erub.21b; Pes.87a Ms. M. (play on מגדים Cant. 7:14) שמֵגִידוֹתוכ׳ who forbid, v. supra (Rashi: שמַגִּידוֹת, v. נגד, who announce their menstruation); v. אָגַד II.

    Jewish literature > אָגַד

  • 3 לוחות-הברית

    Tables of the Covenant, Tables of the Decalogue

    Hebrew-English dictionary > לוחות-הברית

  • 4 שבירת לוחות

    desecration, de-mystification

    Hebrew-English dictionary > שבירת לוחות

  • 5 אכל

    אָכַל(b. h.; √אך to rub, cmp. אָנַךְ) 1) to gnaw, eat, consume. Inf. in Y. freq. לֹוכַל = לֶאֱכֹול. Ber.I, 1; a. v. fr. 2) trnsf. to absorb, occupy, take away. Y.Shebu.VII, 38a בשרבית אֹוכֶלֶת בו when interests gnaw on (absorb) the property. Y.Erub.IV, 21d bot. ד׳ אמות אֹוכְלֹותוכ׳ four cubits entering into the area of Tiberias. Num. R. s. 4 כמה לוחות אֹוכְלֹות how much space did the tablets occupy ? B. Bath.14a (interchanging with איגרות, Var. אוגדות, v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note 5, 6). 3) (euphem.) to sleep with. Keth.V, 9, differ. of opin. ib. 65b; Y. ib. 30b top a. bot. Nif. נֶאֱכַל to be eaten Zeb.I, 3; Ber.I, 1; a. fr. Pi. אִיכֵּל to consume, burn. Tam.I, 4 המְאוּכָּלֹות הפנימיות (Talm. ed. המעו׳) the thoroughly lighted coals in the centre; Y.Yoma II, 39c. Hif. הֶאֱכִיל to give to eat, cause to eat. Keth.V, 3 היבם אינו מַאֵכִילוכ׳ the Yabam does not transfer the privilege of eating Trumah to his sister-in-law. Kidd.31a יש מאכילוכ׳ one may feed his father on pheasants ; a. fr. Hithpa. a. Nithpa. הִתְאַכֵּל, נִתְאַכֵּל 1) to be consumed, burnt up, digested. Ber.VIII, 7 עד כדי שיִתְאַכֵּלוכ׳ Ar. (ed. שיתע׳) until the food is digested (or absorbed) in his bowels. Tam.II, 1; a. e. 2) to be worn off, spent. Snh.VI, 12 Y. ed. נתא׳ הבשר (Mish. 6 נתע׳) when the flesh of the corpse was gone. Cant. R. to IV, 4 שלא נתא׳ אחת מהן none of them was worn off. Kidd.59a נתא׳ המעות the money was spent; a. e.

    Jewish literature > אכל

  • 6 אָכַל

    אָכַל(b. h.; √אך to rub, cmp. אָנַךְ) 1) to gnaw, eat, consume. Inf. in Y. freq. לֹוכַל = לֶאֱכֹול. Ber.I, 1; a. v. fr. 2) trnsf. to absorb, occupy, take away. Y.Shebu.VII, 38a בשרבית אֹוכֶלֶת בו when interests gnaw on (absorb) the property. Y.Erub.IV, 21d bot. ד׳ אמות אֹוכְלֹותוכ׳ four cubits entering into the area of Tiberias. Num. R. s. 4 כמה לוחות אֹוכְלֹות how much space did the tablets occupy ? B. Bath.14a (interchanging with איגרות, Var. אוגדות, v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note 5, 6). 3) (euphem.) to sleep with. Keth.V, 9, differ. of opin. ib. 65b; Y. ib. 30b top a. bot. Nif. נֶאֱכַל to be eaten Zeb.I, 3; Ber.I, 1; a. fr. Pi. אִיכֵּל to consume, burn. Tam.I, 4 המְאוּכָּלֹות הפנימיות (Talm. ed. המעו׳) the thoroughly lighted coals in the centre; Y.Yoma II, 39c. Hif. הֶאֱכִיל to give to eat, cause to eat. Keth.V, 3 היבם אינו מַאֵכִילוכ׳ the Yabam does not transfer the privilege of eating Trumah to his sister-in-law. Kidd.31a יש מאכילוכ׳ one may feed his father on pheasants ; a. fr. Hithpa. a. Nithpa. הִתְאַכֵּל, נִתְאַכֵּל 1) to be consumed, burnt up, digested. Ber.VIII, 7 עד כדי שיִתְאַכֵּלוכ׳ Ar. (ed. שיתע׳) until the food is digested (or absorbed) in his bowels. Tam.II, 1; a. e. 2) to be worn off, spent. Snh.VI, 12 Y. ed. נתא׳ הבשר (Mish. 6 נתע׳) when the flesh of the corpse was gone. Cant. R. to IV, 4 שלא נתא׳ אחת מהן none of them was worn off. Kidd.59a נתא׳ המעות the money was spent; a. e.

    Jewish literature > אָכַל

  • 7 בימה

    בִּימָהf. (cmp. בָּמָה) elevated stand for public meetings (for speakers, readers, holding court). Sot.VII, 8. Succ.51b. Ab. Zar. I, 7 (ib. 16b בימא). Gen. R. s. 76 as if seated על ב׳ ודן upon the platform and holding court. Lev. R. s. 13 ונראית כאילו מצעת ב׳ and gives itself the appearance as if holding court (giving the form of legality to robberies). Gen. R. s. 37 ב׳ של רשע the court of injustice (Rome).Koh. R. to I, 8 (Ab. Zar.16b גרדום; Tosef.Ḥull.II, 24 במה); a. fr.Pl. (of בימא) בִּימָאֹות. Pesik. Bshall. p. 84a> (Ms. O. כסאות; Tanḥ. ed. Bub. Bshall.5 מגדלים) (wooden) platforms.בִּימֹות. Meg.32a הלוחות והב׳ (Ms. M. והבמות; Y. ib. III, 73d bot. בימה ולווחין) the tablets (in Synagogues, prob. used for announcements) and the raised seats (for readers or distinguished persons to speak from). (Ar. s. v. במות, ref. to Meg. l. c., explains, לוחות the board-covers of books, במות wooden stands ( עמוד) for exhibiting the Torah scrolls during the services; another opinion quot. in Ar.: לוחות the blank margins between the columns of the scroll, במות the upper and lower as well as the front and back margins; cmp. אריח a. לבנה. (A derivation of our w. fr. βῆμα is excluded, because the sing., in that case, would be בימא or בימטא a. the pl. בימטין or בימטאות.

    Jewish literature > בימה

  • 8 בִּימָה

    בִּימָהf. (cmp. בָּמָה) elevated stand for public meetings (for speakers, readers, holding court). Sot.VII, 8. Succ.51b. Ab. Zar. I, 7 (ib. 16b בימא). Gen. R. s. 76 as if seated על ב׳ ודן upon the platform and holding court. Lev. R. s. 13 ונראית כאילו מצעת ב׳ and gives itself the appearance as if holding court (giving the form of legality to robberies). Gen. R. s. 37 ב׳ של רשע the court of injustice (Rome).Koh. R. to I, 8 (Ab. Zar.16b גרדום; Tosef.Ḥull.II, 24 במה); a. fr.Pl. (of בימא) בִּימָאֹות. Pesik. Bshall. p. 84a> (Ms. O. כסאות; Tanḥ. ed. Bub. Bshall.5 מגדלים) (wooden) platforms.בִּימֹות. Meg.32a הלוחות והב׳ (Ms. M. והבמות; Y. ib. III, 73d bot. בימה ולווחין) the tablets (in Synagogues, prob. used for announcements) and the raised seats (for readers or distinguished persons to speak from). (Ar. s. v. במות, ref. to Meg. l. c., explains, לוחות the board-covers of books, במות wooden stands ( עמוד) for exhibiting the Torah scrolls during the services; another opinion quot. in Ar.: לוחות the blank margins between the columns of the scroll, במות the upper and lower as well as the front and back margins; cmp. אריח a. לבנה. (A derivation of our w. fr. βῆμα is excluded, because the sing., in that case, would be בימא or בימטא a. the pl. בימטין or בימטאות.

    Jewish literature > בִּימָה

  • 9 לחי II, לחי

    לֶחִיII, לְחִי m. (b. h.; לחה; cmp. לוֹעָא) ( joint, 1) jaw. Tanḥ. Ki Thissa 18 לוחות שיגיעתן בל׳ the tablets are called luḥoth, because they must be studied with weariness of the leḥi (jaw).Du. לְחָיַיִם. Erub.54a (play on לחת, Ex. 31:18) אם משים אדם לְחָיָיו כאבןוכ׳ Ms. M. (v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note) if one will make his jaws as (untiring in repeating lessons as) a stone Cant. R. to IV, 15; ib. to V, 12 (ref. to ib. 1 3) זה מלחים … עד שתהא הלכה יוצאה כמין ל׳ one scholar inserts one thing, another another thing, until the halakhah (decision) comes forth like jaws (well adjusted). Sabb.57b (expl. סרביטין, ib. VI, 1) המגיעין לה עד לְחָיֶיהָ ed. (Ms. M. המגיעין עד הלחיים) ornaments of the head which hang down so as to reach her cheeks. Y.Taan.IV, 68d bot.; Lam. R. to II, 2 יעלי עשבים בלְחָיֶיךָוכ׳ grass will grow through thy jaws (thou shalt be dead and buried), and the son of David shall not yet have appeared. Tosef.Ohol.I, 6 והלְחָיַיִן עמהן (ed. Zuck. והלחי) and the jaw-bones count among them. Ḥull.X, 1; a. fr. 2) various objects resembling a jaw, or attached to another object; a) that part of the bridle which encompasses the jaw. Kel. XI, 5.b) the cheek-pieces of a casque. Ib. 8 (v. Maim. comment. ed. Dehr.).c) inserted sticks, with which the plough is guided. Ib. XXI, 2.Esp. 3) leḥi, a stake fastened in the ground by the side of a wall, serving as a mark or as a fictitious partition (enclosure) for the purpose of enabling the inmates of an alley to move objects, on the Sabbath, within the space thus enclosed (v. עֵירוּב). Erub.12b ל׳ משום מחיצה a leḥi is to serve the place of a partition (palisade), contrad. to משום היכר a mark to distinguish the alley from the public road. Ib. I, 2 הכשר מבוי … ל׳ וקורה the means of fitting an alley for movements on the Sabbath … are a stake and a beam on top; ר׳ אל׳ אומר לְחָיַיִן R. E. says two stakes. Ib. 6 לחיין שאמרווכ׳ the stakes about which they speak must be ten hand-breadths high Ib. 15a ל׳ העומד מאליו … הוי ל׳ a pole put up accidentally (not with the intention of making it a Sabbath mark) … serves the ritual purposes of a leḥi. Ib. 12b הִכְשִׁירוֹ בל׳ if the alley has been made available for Sabbath movements by means of a leḥi; a. v. fr.

    Jewish literature > לחי II, לחי

  • 10 לֶחִי

    לֶחִיII, לְחִי m. (b. h.; לחה; cmp. לוֹעָא) ( joint, 1) jaw. Tanḥ. Ki Thissa 18 לוחות שיגיעתן בל׳ the tablets are called luḥoth, because they must be studied with weariness of the leḥi (jaw).Du. לְחָיַיִם. Erub.54a (play on לחת, Ex. 31:18) אם משים אדם לְחָיָיו כאבןוכ׳ Ms. M. (v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note) if one will make his jaws as (untiring in repeating lessons as) a stone Cant. R. to IV, 15; ib. to V, 12 (ref. to ib. 1 3) זה מלחים … עד שתהא הלכה יוצאה כמין ל׳ one scholar inserts one thing, another another thing, until the halakhah (decision) comes forth like jaws (well adjusted). Sabb.57b (expl. סרביטין, ib. VI, 1) המגיעין לה עד לְחָיֶיהָ ed. (Ms. M. המגיעין עד הלחיים) ornaments of the head which hang down so as to reach her cheeks. Y.Taan.IV, 68d bot.; Lam. R. to II, 2 יעלי עשבים בלְחָיֶיךָוכ׳ grass will grow through thy jaws (thou shalt be dead and buried), and the son of David shall not yet have appeared. Tosef.Ohol.I, 6 והלְחָיַיִן עמהן (ed. Zuck. והלחי) and the jaw-bones count among them. Ḥull.X, 1; a. fr. 2) various objects resembling a jaw, or attached to another object; a) that part of the bridle which encompasses the jaw. Kel. XI, 5.b) the cheek-pieces of a casque. Ib. 8 (v. Maim. comment. ed. Dehr.).c) inserted sticks, with which the plough is guided. Ib. XXI, 2.Esp. 3) leḥi, a stake fastened in the ground by the side of a wall, serving as a mark or as a fictitious partition (enclosure) for the purpose of enabling the inmates of an alley to move objects, on the Sabbath, within the space thus enclosed (v. עֵירוּב). Erub.12b ל׳ משום מחיצה a leḥi is to serve the place of a partition (palisade), contrad. to משום היכר a mark to distinguish the alley from the public road. Ib. I, 2 הכשר מבוי … ל׳ וקורה the means of fitting an alley for movements on the Sabbath … are a stake and a beam on top; ר׳ אל׳ אומר לְחָיַיִן R. E. says two stakes. Ib. 6 לחיין שאמרווכ׳ the stakes about which they speak must be ten hand-breadths high Ib. 15a ל׳ העומד מאליו … הוי ל׳ a pole put up accidentally (not with the intention of making it a Sabbath mark) … serves the ritual purposes of a leḥi. Ib. 12b הִכְשִׁירוֹ בל׳ if the alley has been made available for Sabbath movements by means of a leḥi; a. v. fr.

    Jewish literature > לֶחִי

  • 11 שבר I

    שֶׁבֶרI m. (b. h.; שָׁבַר I) 1) break, fracture. Sabb.XXII, 6 אין מחזירין את הש׳ you must not set a fracture (on the Sabbath). Tbul Yom IV, 7 שלום מן הש׳וכ׳ (he meant) that it will be brought up in safety without being broken and without being spilt; Y.Ter.II, 41c top; a. e.Trnsf. destruction, calamity. Gen. R. s. 91 (play on שֶׁבֶר, Gen. 42:1, a. סֵבֶר) כי יש ש׳ זה הרעב כי יש סבר זה השבעוכ׳ ‘that there is a calamity, that means the famine; ‘that there is brightness, that means plenty Ib. והלא כבר נאמר ותרעב … יש ש׳ has it not been said before, ‘and all the land of Egypt was hungry? what is meant by ‘there is a calamity in Egypt? Pesik. Vattom., p. 129b> (not שכר); Yalk. Ps. 816, v. שָׁבַר I; a. e.Pl. שְׁבָרִים, constr. שִׁבְרֵי. Gen. R. s. 30 (ref. to Job 12:5) שהיו מוכנים לשני ש׳ לשבר מלמעלןוכ׳ they were predestined for two calamities, for destruction from above (rain), and for destruction from below (rise of the deeps). Ex. R. s. 18, v. שָׁבַר I. Kel. XI, 3, a. fr. שברי כלים fragments of vessels, broken vessels. B. Bath.14b שברי לוחות the tablets broken by Moses. Ber.8b הזהרו בזקן … לוחות ושבריוכ׳ be careful not to despise an old man that has forgotten his learning through no fault of his, for we are told, the (whole) tablets and the broken ones were deposited in the Ark; Men.99a; a. fr. 2) a broken ejaculation, sigh, esp. the broken disconnected sounds produced on the Shofar. Y.Taan.II, 65b top (play on אֵד, Gen. 2:6) עלה ש׳ מלמטןוכ׳ when the broken tune (at the prayer meeting) rises from below, at once the rain comes down.Pl. as ab. R. Hash. 34a שיעור תרועה כשלשה ש׳ the value of a truʿah (a succession of tremulous sounds) is equal to three shbarim. Ib. אתקין … שלשה ש׳ תרועהוכ׳ R. Abbahu introduced in Cæsaræa (for the New Years Day) the blowing of a tḳiʿah (a succession of connected notes), three shbarim, a truʿah, and a tḳi‘ah; a. e.

    Jewish literature > שבר I

  • 12 שֶׁבֶר

    שֶׁבֶרI m. (b. h.; שָׁבַר I) 1) break, fracture. Sabb.XXII, 6 אין מחזירין את הש׳ you must not set a fracture (on the Sabbath). Tbul Yom IV, 7 שלום מן הש׳וכ׳ (he meant) that it will be brought up in safety without being broken and without being spilt; Y.Ter.II, 41c top; a. e.Trnsf. destruction, calamity. Gen. R. s. 91 (play on שֶׁבֶר, Gen. 42:1, a. סֵבֶר) כי יש ש׳ זה הרעב כי יש סבר זה השבעוכ׳ ‘that there is a calamity, that means the famine; ‘that there is brightness, that means plenty Ib. והלא כבר נאמר ותרעב … יש ש׳ has it not been said before, ‘and all the land of Egypt was hungry? what is meant by ‘there is a calamity in Egypt? Pesik. Vattom., p. 129b> (not שכר); Yalk. Ps. 816, v. שָׁבַר I; a. e.Pl. שְׁבָרִים, constr. שִׁבְרֵי. Gen. R. s. 30 (ref. to Job 12:5) שהיו מוכנים לשני ש׳ לשבר מלמעלןוכ׳ they were predestined for two calamities, for destruction from above (rain), and for destruction from below (rise of the deeps). Ex. R. s. 18, v. שָׁבַר I. Kel. XI, 3, a. fr. שברי כלים fragments of vessels, broken vessels. B. Bath.14b שברי לוחות the tablets broken by Moses. Ber.8b הזהרו בזקן … לוחות ושבריוכ׳ be careful not to despise an old man that has forgotten his learning through no fault of his, for we are told, the (whole) tablets and the broken ones were deposited in the Ark; Men.99a; a. fr. 2) a broken ejaculation, sigh, esp. the broken disconnected sounds produced on the Shofar. Y.Taan.II, 65b top (play on אֵד, Gen. 2:6) עלה ש׳ מלמטןוכ׳ when the broken tune (at the prayer meeting) rises from below, at once the rain comes down.Pl. as ab. R. Hash. 34a שיעור תרועה כשלשה ש׳ the value of a truʿah (a succession of tremulous sounds) is equal to three shbarim. Ib. אתקין … שלשה ש׳ תרועהוכ׳ R. Abbahu introduced in Cæsaræa (for the New Years Day) the blowing of a tḳiʿah (a succession of connected notes), three shbarim, a truʿah, and a tḳi‘ah; a. e.

    Jewish literature > שֶׁבֶר


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