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(practical) training period

  • 1 práctica

    adj.
    1 practical (estudio, formación).
    2 skillful, experienced, expert (person).
    3 practical; handy (tool); convenient (casa).
    f.
    1 a skilful pilot.
    2 practice, training.
    3 policy.
    * * *
    1 practice
    2 (habilidad) skill
    1 practical sing
    \
    en la práctica in practice
    llevar a la práctica to put into practice
    * * *
    1. noun f. 2. f., (m. - práctico)
    * * *
    SF
    1) [de actividad] practice

    llevar algo a la práctica, poner algo en práctica — to put sth into practice

    2) pl prácticas (=aprendizaje) [gen] practice sing, training sing ; [de profesor] teaching practice sing ; [de laboratorio] experiments

    prácticas profesionales — professional training, practical training ( for a profession)

    * * *
    1)
    a) ( en actividad) practice; ( en trabajo) experience
    b) ( profesión) practicing*
    2) ( aplicación) practice

    poner algo en práctica or llevar algo a la práctica — to put something into practice

    3) prácticas femenino plural
    a) (clase, sesión práctica)
    b) ( de maestro) teaching practice
    4) ( costumbre) practice
    * * *
    = practice, observance, practising [practicing, -USA], drill practice, discourse, praxes [praxis, -sing.], run-through.
    Ex. This practice ensures that a later match can be achieved between the document and its description.
    Ex. Because of the need to preserve cartographic documents for present and future generations, map librarians are obliged to guarantee strict observance of conservation requirements.
    Ex. The practicing of writing it is deadly dull and therefore has minimum permanent effect.
    Ex. No reinforcement drill practice was given to the control group.
    Ex. The institutional 'traditional student' discourse in the USA is one of fraternity parties and breaking free of parental control.
    Ex. The process of hybridization consists, first of all, of borrowing and lending concepts, methods, theories, and praxes = El proceso de hibridación se compone, en principio, de los conceptos, métodos, teorías y praxis del préstamo.
    Ex. This article will provide a brief run-through of some strategies for giving staff and users what they need and expect.
    ----
    * adquirido con la práctica = experiential.
    * aprender con la práctica = learn by + doing.
    * basado en la práctica = empirically-based, grounded in practice, practice-based.
    * beca de prácticas = in-service training.
    * buenas prácticas = best practices.
    * clase de prácticas = practical.
    * código de buenas prácticas = code of practice, code of good practice.
    * colección de prácticas = laboratory collection.
    * comprobación en la práctica real = field test.
    * comprobar en la práctica real = field-test.
    * comunidad de prácticas comunes = community of practice.
    * conservar la práctica de = keep + Posesivo + hands in.
    * cuaderno de prácticas = resource book.
    * curso mixto de clases y práctica en la empresa = sandwich course.
    * ejercicio y práctica = drill and practice.
    * encargado de poner en práctica = implementor [implementer].
    * en la práctica = in action, in practice, in practical terms, in implementation.
    * en la práctica real = in actual practice.
    * en la puesta en práctica = in implementation.
    * en prácticas = trainee.
    * estar falto de práctica = get + rusty.
    * falto de práctica = rusty [rustier -comp., rustiest -sup.].
    * formación de profesorado en prácticas = in-service teacher training.
    * formación en prácticas = in-service.
    * la práctica hace al maestro = practice makes perfect.
    * libro de prácticas = resource book.
    * llevar a la práctica = practise [practice, -USA], put into + practice, put into + practical effect, carry out, put into + effect.
    * llevar a la práctica una decisión = implement + decision.
    * orientado hacia la práctica = practice-oriented.
    * partiendo de la práctica = practice-led.
    * período de prácticas = work placement, training attachment.
    * período de prácticas en centros = practicum.
    * período de prácticas en la industria = industrial placement.
    * persona en prácticas = trainee, intern.
    * poner en práctica = exercise, implement, put into + practice, put to + work, put into + effect, put into + practical effect, put in + place, put into + place, translate into + practical action, bring to + bear, deploy.
    * poner en práctica una idea = put + Posesivo + idea + into practice.
    * poner en práctica una normativa = carry out + policy.
    * poner en práctica un arte = practise + art.
    * ponerse en práctica = go into + effect.
    * práctica bibliotecaria = library practice.
    * práctica cada vez más frecuente = growing practice.
    * práctica clínica = clinical practice.
    * práctica común = common practice.
    * práctica común, la = normal pattern, the.
    * práctica cotidiana = daily practice.
    * práctica de música = music-making.
    * práctica diaria = daily practice.
    * práctica popular = lore.
    * práctica real = actual practice.
    * práctica religiosa = religious practice.
    * prácticas comerciales = business practices.
    * prácticas de campo = fieldwork [field work].
    * prácticas ilegales = unlawful practices.
    * prácticas más adecuadas = best practices, lessons learned [lessons learnt].
    * práctica social = meme.
    * prácticas sexuales = sexual mores.
    * profesor en prácticas = in-service teacher.
    * programa de prácticas en la empresa = internship program(me), internship.
    * programa mixto de clases y práctica en la empresa = sandwich programme.
    * puesta en práctica = enforcement, execution, implementation, operationalisation [operationalization, -USA].
    * seguir una práctica = adopt + practice.
    * teoría y práctica = policy and practice.
    * trabajar como persona en prácticas = intern.
    * * *
    1)
    a) ( en actividad) practice; ( en trabajo) experience
    b) ( profesión) practicing*
    2) ( aplicación) practice

    poner algo en práctica or llevar algo a la práctica — to put something into practice

    3) prácticas femenino plural
    a) (clase, sesión práctica)
    b) ( de maestro) teaching practice
    4) ( costumbre) practice
    * * *
    = practice, observance, practising [practicing, -USA], drill practice, discourse, praxes [praxis, -sing.], run-through.

    Ex: This practice ensures that a later match can be achieved between the document and its description.

    Ex: Because of the need to preserve cartographic documents for present and future generations, map librarians are obliged to guarantee strict observance of conservation requirements.
    Ex: The practicing of writing it is deadly dull and therefore has minimum permanent effect.
    Ex: No reinforcement drill practice was given to the control group.
    Ex: The institutional 'traditional student' discourse in the USA is one of fraternity parties and breaking free of parental control.
    Ex: The process of hybridization consists, first of all, of borrowing and lending concepts, methods, theories, and praxes = El proceso de hibridación se compone, en principio, de los conceptos, métodos, teorías y praxis del préstamo.
    Ex: This article will provide a brief run-through of some strategies for giving staff and users what they need and expect.
    * adquirido con la práctica = experiential.
    * aprender con la práctica = learn by + doing.
    * basado en la práctica = empirically-based, grounded in practice, practice-based.
    * beca de prácticas = in-service training.
    * buenas prácticas = best practices.
    * clase de prácticas = practical.
    * código de buenas prácticas = code of practice, code of good practice.
    * colección de prácticas = laboratory collection.
    * comprobación en la práctica real = field test.
    * comprobar en la práctica real = field-test.
    * comunidad de prácticas comunes = community of practice.
    * conservar la práctica de = keep + Posesivo + hands in.
    * cuaderno de prácticas = resource book.
    * curso mixto de clases y práctica en la empresa = sandwich course.
    * ejercicio y práctica = drill and practice.
    * encargado de poner en práctica = implementor [implementer].
    * en la práctica = in action, in practice, in practical terms, in implementation.
    * en la práctica real = in actual practice.
    * en la puesta en práctica = in implementation.
    * en prácticas = trainee.
    * estar falto de práctica = get + rusty.
    * falto de práctica = rusty [rustier -comp., rustiest -sup.].
    * formación de profesorado en prácticas = in-service teacher training.
    * formación en prácticas = in-service.
    * la práctica hace al maestro = practice makes perfect.
    * libro de prácticas = resource book.
    * llevar a la práctica = practise [practice, -USA], put into + practice, put into + practical effect, carry out, put into + effect.
    * llevar a la práctica una decisión = implement + decision.
    * orientado hacia la práctica = practice-oriented.
    * partiendo de la práctica = practice-led.
    * período de prácticas = work placement, training attachment.
    * período de prácticas en centros = practicum.
    * período de prácticas en la industria = industrial placement.
    * persona en prácticas = trainee, intern.
    * poner en práctica = exercise, implement, put into + practice, put to + work, put into + effect, put into + practical effect, put in + place, put into + place, translate into + practical action, bring to + bear, deploy.
    * poner en práctica una idea = put + Posesivo + idea + into practice.
    * poner en práctica una normativa = carry out + policy.
    * poner en práctica un arte = practise + art.
    * ponerse en práctica = go into + effect.
    * práctica bibliotecaria = library practice.
    * práctica cada vez más frecuente = growing practice.
    * práctica clínica = clinical practice.
    * práctica común = common practice.
    * práctica común, la = normal pattern, the.
    * práctica cotidiana = daily practice.
    * práctica de música = music-making.
    * práctica diaria = daily practice.
    * práctica popular = lore.
    * práctica real = actual practice.
    * práctica religiosa = religious practice.
    * prácticas comerciales = business practices.
    * prácticas de campo = fieldwork [field work].
    * prácticas ilegales = unlawful practices.
    * prácticas más adecuadas = best practices, lessons learned [lessons learnt].
    * práctica social = meme.
    * prácticas sexuales = sexual mores.
    * profesor en prácticas = in-service teacher.
    * programa de prácticas en la empresa = internship program(me), internship.
    * programa mixto de clases y práctica en la empresa = sandwich programme.
    * puesta en práctica = enforcement, execution, implementation, operationalisation [operationalization, -USA].
    * seguir una práctica = adopt + practice.
    * teoría y práctica = policy and practice.
    * trabajar como persona en prácticas = intern.

    * * *
    A
    1 (en una actividad) practice; (en un trabajo) experience
    le falta práctica he needs practice
    se aprende con la práctica you learn by practice, it comes with practice
    tiene mucha práctica he's had a lot of practice
    he perdido la práctica I'm out of practice
    necesita ayuda mientras va adquiriendo práctica he needs to be helped while he's gaining experience
    la práctica hace maestro practice makes perfect
    2 (ejercicio) practicing*
    abandonó la práctica del derecho para hacer política she gave up practicing law to go into politics
    es aconsejable la práctica de algún deporte it's advisable to play o do some sport
    B (aplicación) practice
    en la práctica in practice
    poner algo en práctica or llevar algo a la práctica to put sth into practice
    1
    (clase, sesión práctica): prácticas de tiro target practice
    las prácticas de Anatomía the anatomy practicals
    2 (de un maestro) teaching practice
    la escuela donde hice (las) prácticas the school where I did my teaching practice
    hice las prácticas en la clínica de la Paz I did my internship ( AmE) o ( BrE) my houseman year at the la Paz hospital
    contrato en prácticas work-experience contract
    D (costumbre) practice
    son prácticas muy extendidas en esta zona these practices o customs are widespread in this area
    esta operación es hoy una práctica habitual en la medicina this operation is common practice in medicine today
    * * *

     

    Del verbo practicar: ( conjugate practicar)

    practica es:

    3ª persona singular (él/ella/usted) presente indicativo

    2ª persona singular (tú) imperativo

    Multiple Entries:
    practicar    
    práctica
    practicar ( conjugate practicar) verbo transitivo
    1
    a)idioma/pieza musical› to practice( conjugate practice);

    tenis to play;

    no practica ningún deporte he doesn't play o do any sport(s)
    b) profesión› to practice( conjugate practice)

    2 (frml) (llevar a cabo, realizar) ‹corte/incisión to make;
    autopsia/operación to perform, do;
    redada/actividad to carry out;
    detenciones to make
    verbo intransitivo ( repetir) to practice( conjugate practice);
    ( ejercer) to practice( conjugate practice)
    práctica sustantivo femenino
    1

    ( en trabajo) experience;


    2 ( aplicación) practice;

    poner algo en práctica or llevar algo a la práctica to put sth into practice
    3
    prácticas sustantivo femenino plural (de Anatomía, Química) practicals (pl);


    ( de maestro) teaching practice;

    4 ( costumbre) practice
    practicar
    I verbo transitivo
    1 (una profesión) to practise, US practice
    2 (una actividad) to play, practise: deberías practicar el tenis más a menudo, you should play tennis more regularly
    3 (una operación, etc) to carry out, do, perform: tuvieron que practicarle una autopsia, they had to perform a post mortem on him
    4 Rel to practise
    II verbo intransitivo to practise: si quieres hablar bien el inglés, debes practicar más, if you want to speak good English, you must practise more ➣ Ver nota en practise
    práctico,-a
    I adjetivo
    1 (un objeto) handy, useful
    2 (una persona, disciplina) practical
    II m Náut pilot
    práctica sustantivo femenino
    1 (actividad) practice
    2 (aplicación) poner algo en práctica, to put sthg into practice
    3 (costumbre) una práctica habitual, a common practice
    4 (aprendizaje, formación) prácticas, teaching practice
    5 Educ (clases no teóricas) practicals, US labs: por la mañana tiene prácticas de química, in the morning he has chemistry practicals ➣ Ver nota en practise
    ' práctica' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    continuismo
    - costumbre
    - docencia
    - marcha
    - vela
    - ejercicio
    - equitación
    - instrucción
    - perder
    - practicar
    English:
    action
    - code
    - current
    - excel
    - feasible
    - follow up
    - hate
    - implement
    - insider dealing
    - insider trading
    - observance
    - practically
    - practice
    - practise
    - run-through
    - rusty
    - turn
    - convenient
    - malpractice
    - mock
    - practical
    - protection
    - teaching
    * * *
    1. [experiencia] practice;
    te hace falta más práctica you need more practice;
    con la práctica adquirirás más soltura you'll become more fluent with practice;
    2. [ejercicio] practice;
    [de un deporte] playing;
    me han recomendado la práctica de la natación I've been advised to go swimming
    3. [aplicación] practice;
    llevar algo a la práctica, poner algo en práctica to put sth into practice;
    en la práctica in practice
    4. [clase no teórica] practical;
    5.
    prácticas [laborales] training;
    contrato en prácticas work-experience contract
    6. [costumbre] practice;
    ser práctica establecida to be standard practice
    * * *
    f practice;
    en la práctica in practice;
    llevar a la práctica, poner en práctica put into practice;
    perder la práctica get out of practice;
    tener práctica en algo have experience in sth;
    prácticas pl work experience sg ;
    hacer prácticas do a work placement
    * * *
    1) : practice, experience
    2) ejercicio: exercising
    la práctica de la medicina: the practice of medicine
    3) aplicación: application, practice
    poner en práctica: to put into practice
    4) prácticas nfpl
    : training
    * * *
    práctica n practice

    Spanish-English dictionary > práctica

  • 2 período de prácticas

    • practical training period
    • teaching methods
    • teaching profession

    Diccionario Técnico Español-Inglés > período de prácticas

  • 3 aprendizaje

    m.
    1 learning.
    el aprendizaje de idiomas language learning
    2 apprenticeship.
    * * *
    1 (situación) apprenticeship
    2 (tiempo) training period
    3 (en pedagogía) learning
    * * *
    noun m.
    * * *
    SM
    1) [industrial etc] apprenticeship; (Com etc) training period, internship (EEUU)

    pagar su aprendizaje* to learn the hard way

    2) (=el aprender) learning
    * * *
    a) ( proceso) learning
    b) ( período como aprendiz) apprenticeship, training period
    * * *
    Ex. It is the responsibility of educators to stretch their student's intellects, hone their skills of intuitive judgment and synthesis, and build a love of learning that will sustain them beyond the level of formal education.
    ----
    * aprendizaje a distancia = distance learning, open learning.
    * aprendizaje a lo largo de la vida = lifelong learning.
    * aprendizaje asistido por ordenador (CAL) = computer-assisted learning (CAL).
    * aprendizaje a través de Internet = virtual learning.
    * aprendizaje a través de la experiencia = experiential learning.
    * aprendizaje a través de la red = electronic learning [e-learning].
    * aprendizaje a través de medios electrónicos = online learning.
    * aprendizaje a través de solución de problemas = problem based learning.
    * aprendizaje basado en la memorización = rote learning.
    * aprendizaje de la máquina = machine learning (ML).
    * aprendizaje de un oficio = apprenticeship.
    * aprendizaje durante toda la vida = lifelong education.
    * aprendizaje en línea = online learning.
    * aprendizaje permanente = lifelong learning.
    * aprendizaje pobre en conocimiento = knowledge-sparse learning.
    * aprendizaje por medio del ordenador = computer-based learning (CBL).
    * aprendizaje práctico = experiential learning.
    * aprendizaje rico en conocimiento = knowledge-rich learning.
    * aprendizaje virtual = electronic learning [e-learning], virtual learning.
    * autoaprendizaje = self-education.
    * buen ritmo de aprendizaje = learning curve.
    * centro de recursos para el aprendizaje (CRA) = learning hub, learning resource centre (LRC).
    * con problemas de aprendizaje = learning disabled.
    * curva de aprendizaje = learning curve.
    * deficiencias en el aprendizaje = learning disability.
    * dificultades de aprendizaje = learning difficulties.
    * discapacidad de aprendizaje = learning disability.
    * estilo de aprendizaje = learning style.
    * manual de aprendizaje = instruction book.
    * método de aprendizaje = learning style, learning method.
    * modo de aprendizaje = learning style.
    * momento apropiado para el aprendizaje, el = teachable moment, the.
    * objetivo de aprendizaje = learning objective, learning outcome.
    * objeto de aprendizaje = learning object.
    * oportunidad de aprendizaje = learning experience.
    * persona con problemas de aprendizaje = learning disabled person.
    * proceso de aprendizaje = learning process.
    * programa para el aprendizaje de idiomas = language-learning sofware.
    * resultado de aprendizaje = learning outcome.
    * sesión de aprendizaje = instructional session.
    * software para el aprendizaje de idiomas = language-learning sofware.
    * tarea de aprendizaje = learning activity, learning task.
    * * *
    a) ( proceso) learning
    b) ( período como aprendiz) apprenticeship, training period
    * * *

    Ex: It is the responsibility of educators to stretch their student's intellects, hone their skills of intuitive judgment and synthesis, and build a love of learning that will sustain them beyond the level of formal education.

    * aprendizaje a distancia = distance learning, open learning.
    * aprendizaje a lo largo de la vida = lifelong learning.
    * aprendizaje asistido por ordenador (CAL) = computer-assisted learning (CAL).
    * aprendizaje a través de Internet = virtual learning.
    * aprendizaje a través de la experiencia = experiential learning.
    * aprendizaje a través de la red = electronic learning [e-learning].
    * aprendizaje a través de medios electrónicos = online learning.
    * aprendizaje a través de solución de problemas = problem based learning.
    * aprendizaje basado en la memorización = rote learning.
    * aprendizaje de la máquina = machine learning (ML).
    * aprendizaje de un oficio = apprenticeship.
    * aprendizaje durante toda la vida = lifelong education.
    * aprendizaje en línea = online learning.
    * aprendizaje permanente = lifelong learning.
    * aprendizaje pobre en conocimiento = knowledge-sparse learning.
    * aprendizaje por medio del ordenador = computer-based learning (CBL).
    * aprendizaje práctico = experiential learning.
    * aprendizaje rico en conocimiento = knowledge-rich learning.
    * aprendizaje virtual = electronic learning [e-learning], virtual learning.
    * autoaprendizaje = self-education.
    * buen ritmo de aprendizaje = learning curve.
    * centro de recursos para el aprendizaje (CRA) = learning hub, learning resource centre (LRC).
    * con problemas de aprendizaje = learning disabled.
    * curva de aprendizaje = learning curve.
    * deficiencias en el aprendizaje = learning disability.
    * dificultades de aprendizaje = learning difficulties.
    * discapacidad de aprendizaje = learning disability.
    * estilo de aprendizaje = learning style.
    * manual de aprendizaje = instruction book.
    * método de aprendizaje = learning style, learning method.
    * modo de aprendizaje = learning style.
    * momento apropiado para el aprendizaje, el = teachable moment, the.
    * objetivo de aprendizaje = learning objective, learning outcome.
    * objeto de aprendizaje = learning object.
    * oportunidad de aprendizaje = learning experience.
    * persona con problemas de aprendizaje = learning disabled person.
    * proceso de aprendizaje = learning process.
    * programa para el aprendizaje de idiomas = language-learning sofware.
    * resultado de aprendizaje = learning outcome.
    * sesión de aprendizaje = instructional session.
    * software para el aprendizaje de idiomas = language-learning sofware.
    * tarea de aprendizaje = learning activity, learning task.

    * * *
    1 (proceso) learning
    el aprendizaje de una lengua extranjera learning a foreign language
    2 (período como aprendiz) apprenticeship, training period
    hacer el aprendizaje to serve one's apprenticeship o one's training period
    Compuestos:
    ( AmL) computer-assisted or computer-aided learning, CAL
    ( Esp) computer-assisted or computer-aided learning, CAL
    * * *

     

    aprendizaje sustantivo masculino


    aprendizaje sustantivo masculino
    1 learning
    2 (como aprendiz) apprenticeship, traineeship
    ' aprendizaje' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    fase
    - milicia
    - práctica
    English:
    ABC
    - apprenticeship
    - internship
    - learning
    - monitor
    - serve
    - L
    - learner
    * * *
    1. [adquisición de conocimientos] learning;
    el aprendizaje de un oficio learning a trade
    aprendizaje de idiomas language learning
    2. [para trabajo] apprenticeship
    * * *
    m
    1 apprenticeship;
    plaza de aprendizaje apprenticeship
    2
    :
    capacidad de aprendizaje ability to learn
    * * *
    : apprenticeship
    * * *

    Spanish-English dictionary > aprendizaje

  • 4 formación

    f.
    1 formation, creation, constitution.
    2 formation, training, education, up-bringing.
    3 formation, line-up, order.
    * * *
    1 (gen) formation
    2 (educación) upbringing
    3 (enseñanza) education, training
    \
    en formación MILITAR in formation
    formación musical musical training
    formación profesional vocational training
    formación universitaria university education
    * * *
    noun f.
    * * *
    SF
    1) (=creación) [gen] formation

    para prevenir la formación de hielo — to prevent ice (from) forming, to prevent the formation of ice frm

    2) (=aprendizaje) [en un campo concreto] training; [en conocimientos teóricos] education

    tenía una formación musical clásica — she trained as a classical musician, she had a classical musical training

    formación laboral, formación ocupacional — occupational training

    3) (=grupo) [político] party; [militar] group; [musical] group, band; [de jugadores] squad
    4) (Mil)

    en formación de combatein battle o combat formation

    5) (Geol, Bot) formation
    * * *
    1) (de rocas, gobierno, palabras) formation
    2) (Geol) (conjunto, masa) formation
    3) (Mil) formation
    4) ( educación recibida) education; ( para trabajo) training
    * * *
    = formation, instruction, training, schooling, coaching, fashioning, seasoning, grooming, upbringing.
    Ex. In 1970 she pointed to inconsistencies in the formation and arrangement of headings, the presence of useless ones, and variations in actual practice from what is thought to be practiced.
    Ex. Probably in most libraries instruction in library use and the use of information retrieval tools needs to be available in a number of different modes.
    Ex. The user must become familiar with the facilities of this search software, and therefore may need more training than that which might be necessary for the retrieval of information in a data base which has been indexed with a controlled indexing language.
    Ex. Some people with little schooling do use the library, and for valuable purposes but they are more of an exception than the rule.
    Ex. Proofreaders are trained by coaching, as are editors.
    Ex. The university is a major force in the fashioning of the constantly changing urban way of life.
    Ex. All the artists were influenced by their seasoning as commercial illustrators.
    Ex. Let's face it, personal grooming is the key to success, in business or in your social life.
    Ex. Children in modern society are faced with a ceaseless stream of new ideas, and responsibility for their upbringing has generally moved from parents to childminders and teachers.
    ----
    * área de formación = teaching unit.
    * beca de formación = in-service training.
    * bibliotecario encargado de la formación de usuarios = instruction librarian.
    * con cierta formación = educated.
    * con la formación adecuada = adequately-trained.
    * conseguir una buena formación en = get + a good grounding on.
    * con una formación tecnológica digital = digitally-oriented.
    * curso de formación = training course.
    * curso de formación continua = continuing education course.
    * departamento de formación = teaching unit.
    * escuela de formación = training school.
    * escuela de formación profesional = vocational school.
    * formación académica = academic background, formal education.
    * formación básica en tecnología = technical literacy.
    * formación continua = continuing education (CE), continuous education, continuing training, continuing professional development, continuing professional education, professional development.
    * formación continuada = continuing education (CE), continuing training.
    * formación continua del personal = staff development.
    * formación continua en el trabajo = workplace training, workplace learning.
    * formación continua en medicina = CME (Continuing Medical Education).
    * formación de ampollas = blistering.
    * formación de burbujas = blistering.
    * formación de grumos = caking.
    * formación de grupos de presión = lobbying representation.
    * formación de hielo = icing.
    * formación de la colección = collection building.
    * formación del personal = staff training, professional development.
    * formación del profesorado = teacher-training, teacher education.
    * formación de padres = parenting, parenting education.
    * formación de piquetes = picketing.
    * formación de postgrado = postgraduate education, postgraduate training.
    * formación de profesorado en prácticas = in-service teacher training.
    * formación de un núcleo = nucleation.
    * formación de usuarios = information literacy, library instruction, information skills, library user education, bibliographic instruction (BI), user education, library user training, user instruction, user training, patron instruction, reader education.
    * formación documental = information education.
    * formación en diferentes tareas = cross-training [cross training], multiskilling [multi-skilling].
    * formación en el mundo real = real-world training.
    * formación en el trabajo = in-service training, in-service education, in-service, on-the-job training, in-service support.
    * formación en el uso de la biblioteca = library literacy.
    * formación en enfermería = nursing education.
    * formación en informática = computer literacy.
    * formación en prácticas = in-service.
    * formación geológica = geological formation.
    * formación in situ = in-service training, in-service.
    * formación interna = in-service training, in-service support, in-service.
    * formación nubosa = cloud cover.
    * formación ocupacional = work education.
    * formación paternal = parenting education.
    * formación permanente = lifelong learning, lifelong education.
    * formación profesional = vocational training, professional education, professional training, further education.
    * formación reglada = formal education.
    * formación requerida = job specs.
    * instituto de formación profesional = technical school.
    * los que no han recibido formación específica = uninstructed, the.
    * para la formación autodidacta = self-instructional.
    * proceso de formación = instructional process.
    * programa de formación = training programme, training scheme, instructional programme.
    * programa de formación en el trabajo = in-service training program(me).
    * servirse de la formación de Uno = draw on/upon + background.
    * sin formación = ill-educated.
    * sin formación previa = untrained.
    * * *
    1) (de rocas, gobierno, palabras) formation
    2) (Geol) (conjunto, masa) formation
    3) (Mil) formation
    4) ( educación recibida) education; ( para trabajo) training
    * * *
    = formation, instruction, training, schooling, coaching, fashioning, seasoning, grooming, upbringing.

    Ex: In 1970 she pointed to inconsistencies in the formation and arrangement of headings, the presence of useless ones, and variations in actual practice from what is thought to be practiced.

    Ex: Probably in most libraries instruction in library use and the use of information retrieval tools needs to be available in a number of different modes.
    Ex: The user must become familiar with the facilities of this search software, and therefore may need more training than that which might be necessary for the retrieval of information in a data base which has been indexed with a controlled indexing language.
    Ex: Some people with little schooling do use the library, and for valuable purposes but they are more of an exception than the rule.
    Ex: Proofreaders are trained by coaching, as are editors.
    Ex: The university is a major force in the fashioning of the constantly changing urban way of life.
    Ex: All the artists were influenced by their seasoning as commercial illustrators.
    Ex: Let's face it, personal grooming is the key to success, in business or in your social life.
    Ex: Children in modern society are faced with a ceaseless stream of new ideas, and responsibility for their upbringing has generally moved from parents to childminders and teachers.
    * área de formación = teaching unit.
    * beca de formación = in-service training.
    * bibliotecario encargado de la formación de usuarios = instruction librarian.
    * con cierta formación = educated.
    * con la formación adecuada = adequately-trained.
    * conseguir una buena formación en = get + a good grounding on.
    * con una formación tecnológica digital = digitally-oriented.
    * curso de formación = training course.
    * curso de formación continua = continuing education course.
    * departamento de formación = teaching unit.
    * escuela de formación = training school.
    * escuela de formación profesional = vocational school.
    * formación académica = academic background, formal education.
    * formación básica en tecnología = technical literacy.
    * formación continua = continuing education (CE), continuous education, continuing training, continuing professional development, continuing professional education, professional development.
    * formación continuada = continuing education (CE), continuing training.
    * formación continua del personal = staff development.
    * formación continua en el trabajo = workplace training, workplace learning.
    * formación continua en medicina = CME (Continuing Medical Education).
    * formación de ampollas = blistering.
    * formación de burbujas = blistering.
    * formación de grumos = caking.
    * formación de grupos de presión = lobbying representation.
    * formación de hielo = icing.
    * formación de la colección = collection building.
    * formación del personal = staff training, professional development.
    * formación del profesorado = teacher-training, teacher education.
    * formación de padres = parenting, parenting education.
    * formación de piquetes = picketing.
    * formación de postgrado = postgraduate education, postgraduate training.
    * formación de profesorado en prácticas = in-service teacher training.
    * formación de un núcleo = nucleation.
    * formación de usuarios = information literacy, library instruction, information skills, library user education, bibliographic instruction (BI), user education, library user training, user instruction, user training, patron instruction, reader education.
    * formación documental = information education.
    * formación en diferentes tareas = cross-training [cross training], multiskilling [multi-skilling].
    * formación en el mundo real = real-world training.
    * formación en el trabajo = in-service training, in-service education, in-service, on-the-job training, in-service support.
    * formación en el uso de la biblioteca = library literacy.
    * formación en enfermería = nursing education.
    * formación en informática = computer literacy.
    * formación en prácticas = in-service.
    * formación geológica = geological formation.
    * formación in situ = in-service training, in-service.
    * formación interna = in-service training, in-service support, in-service.
    * formación nubosa = cloud cover.
    * formación ocupacional = work education.
    * formación paternal = parenting education.
    * formación permanente = lifelong learning, lifelong education.
    * formación profesional = vocational training, professional education, professional training, further education.
    * formación reglada = formal education.
    * formación requerida = job specs.
    * instituto de formación profesional = technical school.
    * los que no han recibido formación específica = uninstructed, the.
    * para la formación autodidacta = self-instructional.
    * proceso de formación = instructional process.
    * programa de formación = training programme, training scheme, instructional programme.
    * programa de formación en el trabajo = in-service training program(me).
    * servirse de la formación de Uno = draw on/upon + background.
    * sin formación = ill-educated.
    * sin formación previa = untrained.

    * * *
    1 (de las rocas, nubes) formation
    2 (de un grupo, gobierno) formation
    3 (de palabras, frases) formation
    B ( Geol) (conjunto, masa) formation
    C ( Mil) formation
    formación de combate combat formation
    la formación del carácter the formation of the character
    el período de formación the training period
    tiene una buena formación literaria she has had a good literary education
    Compuesto:
    formación profesional or (CS) vocacional
    professional o vocational training
    estudiantes de formación profesional or vocacional ≈ students at technical college
    Formación Profesional - FP (↑ formación a1)
    * * *

     

    formación sustantivo femenino
    1 ( en general) formation;

    2 ( educación recibida) education;
    ( para trabajo) training;
    formación profesional or (CS) vocacional professional o vocational training
    formación sustantivo femenino
    1 formation
    2 (crianza) upbringing
    3 (instrucción) training
    formación profesional, vocational training, occupational training
    ' formación' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    enseñanza
    - FP
    - práctica
    - preparación
    English:
    background
    - development
    - formation
    - on-the-job
    - shall
    - should
    - staff training
    - teacher-training
    - training
    - training course
    - training manual
    - vocational
    - parade
    - teacher
    - technical
    - untrained
    * * *
    1. [creación] formation;
    la formación de un gobierno the formation of a government;
    Ling
    2. [educación] training;
    la formación de los jóvenes es prioritaria para combatir el desempleo it is extremely important to train young people in order to combat unemployment;
    recibió una formación clásica he received a traditional education;
    sin formación académica with little formal education
    formación en alternancia sandwich courses;
    formación continua in-service training;
    formación de formadores training of trainers;
    formación ocupacional vocational o occupational training;
    formación pedagógica teacher training;
    formación profesional [ocupacional] = vocational o occupational training;
    [ciclo educativo] = vocationally orientated secondary education in Spain for pupils aged 14-18, currently being phased out
    3. [equipo] team;
    [alineación] line-up;
    formación política political party
    4. Mil formation;
    marchar en formación to march in formation
    5. Geol formation;
    una formación rocosa a rock formation;
    esta zona presenta formaciones calcáreas there are limestone formations in this area
    * * *
    f
    1 de palabras, asociación formation
    2 ( entrenamiento) training;
    alumno de formación profesional student doing a vocational course
    * * *
    formación nf, pl - ciones
    1) : formation
    2) : training
    formación profesional: vocational training
    * * *
    1. (proceso) formation
    2. (enseñanza) education

    Spanish-English dictionary > formación

  • 5 empleado en período de adiestramiento

    • articled clerk
    • clerk during the training period

    Diccionario Técnico Español-Inglés > empleado en período de adiestramiento

  • 6 material de enseńaza

    • training group
    • training material
    • training period

    Diccionario Técnico Español-Inglés > material de enseńaza

  • 7 programa de instrucción

    • training period
    • training schedule
    • training school

    Diccionario Técnico Español-Inglés > programa de instrucción

  • 8 training

    ['treinin]
    SM (pl trainings)
    1) (=entrenamiento) training
    2) (=curso) training course
    * * *
    /ˈtreinin/
    (pl trainings)
    training
    es obligatorio asistir a seis trainings it is compulsory to attend six training sessions
    curso/periodo de training training course/period

    Spanish-English dictionary > training

  • 9 training

    sustantivo masculino

    Diccionario Español-Alemán > training

  • 10 training

    m; Ам.; англ.
    трениро́вка
    ••

    estar en training — быть в фо́рме

    Diccionario español-ruso. América Latina > training

  • 11 training

    training

    Vocabulario Castellano-Catalán > training

  • 12 a

    prep.
    1 to.
    voy a Madrid I'm going to Madrid
    me voy al extranjero I'm going abroad
    llegó a Buenos Aires/a la fiesta he arrived in Buenos Aires/at the party
    2 at (moment).
    a las siete at seven o'clock
    a los once años at the age of eleven
    al caer la noche at nightfall
    al oír la noticia se desmayó on hearing the news, she fainted
    Llegué al amanecer I arrived at dawn.
    3 per, every (frecuency).
    40 horas a la semana 40 hours per o a week
    tres veces al día three times a day
    4 to.
    dáselo a Ricardo give it to Ricardo
    dile a Ricardo que venga tell Ricardo to come
    5 to.
    entró a pagar he came in to pay
    aprender a nadar to learn to swim
    6 by, about to, for.
    * * *
    A, a
    nombre femenino (pl as o aes)
    1 (la letra) A, a
    ————————
    A
    1 ( Alteza) Highness; (abreviatura) H
    ————————
    A
    1 ( autopista) motorway; (abreviatura) M
    ————————
    A
    1 ( amperio) ampere, amp; (símbolo) A
    * * *
    prep.
    1) to
    2) into
    3) in
    4) at
    5) on
    6) with
    * * *
    SF = a (=letra) A, a
    * * *
    a femenino (pl aes) ( read as [a]) the letter A, a
    * * *
    = for, per, to.
    Ex. The fine policy matrix corresponds to the loan policy matrix, cell for cell.
    Ex. Indexing can thus be achieved at a detailed level, with often many terms per document, with almost no indexing effort.
    Ex. Accessibility to the documents stored in files is an important factor, so the physical storage is important.
    ----
    * a + Adjetivo + escala = on a + Adjetivo + scale.
    * a alguna parte = someplace.
    * a alta presión = high-pressured, high-pressure.
    * a altas horas de la noche = late at night.
    * a ambas orillas del Atlántico = on both sides of the ocean, on both sides of the Atlantic.
    * a ambos lados de = on either side of.
    * a ambos lados del Altántico = on both sides of the ocean, on both sides of the Atlantic.
    * a ambos lados de + Lugar = on both sides of + Lugar.
    * a años luz de = light years away from.
    * a bajas temperaturas = at low temperature.
    * a bajo coste = low-cost.
    * a bajo costo = low-cost.
    * a bajo nivel = low-level.
    * a bajo precio = lower-cost, at a low price, on the cheap.
    * a base de = in the form of, on a diet of.
    * a base de carne = meaty [meatier -comp., meatiest -sup.].
    * a base de cometer errores = the hard way.
    * a base de errores = the hard way.
    * a boca de jarro = at close range.
    * a bocajarro = point blank.
    * a bombo y platillo = fanfare, with a bang.
    * a bordo = aboard, on board ship.
    * a bordo de = aboard, onboard.
    * a bordo de un barco = shipboard, on board ship.
    * a buen recaudo = in a safe place, in safekeeping.
    * a caballo = on horseback, astride.
    * a caballo entre = astride... and..., midway between.
    * a caballo entre... y... = half way between... and....
    * a caballo regalado no se le mira el diente = never look a gift horse in the mouth.
    * a cada rato = every so often, every now and then, every now and again, every once in a while.
    * a cambio = in return.
    * a cambio de = in exchange for, in return for.
    * a cambio de nada = for nothing.
    * a cántaros = cats and dogs.
    * a cargo = in the saddle.
    * a cargo (de) = charged with, in charge (of), at the helm (of).
    * a cargo de Alguien = under supervision.
    * a cargo de las riendas = in the saddle.
    * a cargo del ayuntamiento = local authority-run.
    * a cargo del gobierno = government-operated, government-run.
    * a cargo de una sola persona = one-man band.
    * a cargo de voluntarios = volunteer-run.
    * a chorros = profusely.
    * a ciegas = blindfold, blindly, blindfolded, in the dark.
    * a ciencia cierta = for sure, for certain.
    * a cierta distancia = some distance away.
    * a cierta distancia de = off.
    * a cierta distancia de la costa = offshore.
    * a cierta distancia del litoral = offshore.
    * a cobro revertido = reverse charges.
    * a color = multi-colour [multi-color -USA].
    * a comienzos de + Expresión Temporal = early + Expresión Temporal, the.
    * a comienzos de + Fecha = in the early + Fecha, in the early part of + Fecha.
    * a comienzos de + Período de Tiempo = by the turn of + Período de Tiempo, at the turn of + Período de Tiempo.
    * a conciencia = deliberately, wilfully [willfully, -USA], by design, on purpose.
    * a condición de que + Subjuntivo = provided (that), providing (that), as long as.
    * a contenido enriquecido = content-enriched.
    * a continuación = next, then, in the following, herewith.
    * a continuación se enumeran = given below.
    * a contracorriente = against the grain.
    * a contraluz = against the light.
    * a contrapelo = against the grain, against the nap.
    * a coro = with one voice, in unison.
    * a corto plazo = before very long, short term [short-term], in the short run, short-range, at short notice, in the short term, short-run.
    * a costa de = at the cost of, at the expense of, at + Nombre's + expense, at cost of.
    * a costa de mucho = at (a) great expense.
    * a costa de otro = at someone else's expense.
    * a costa de otros = at other people's expense.
    * a criterio de = at the discretion of.
    * a cualquier hora = anytime, around the clock.
    * a cualquier hora del día o de la noche = at any hour of the day or night, at any time of the day or night.
    * a cualquier precio = at any cost, at all costs, at any price.
    * a cuatro aguas = hipped.
    * a cuatro patas = on all fours, on four legs.
    * a cuenta de = at the expense of.
    * a cuenta de la empresa = at company expense.
    * a cuenta de otro = at someone else's expense.
    * a cuenta de otros = at other people's expense.
    * a cuenta propia = at + Posesivo + expense, at + Posesivo + own expense.
    * a cuerpo de rey = the lap of luxury.
    * a cuestas = in tow.
    * a decir de todos = by all accounts.
    * a decir verdad = to tell the truth, if the truth be known, if the truth be told, in all truth, in truth, fact is, the fact is (that), to be fair.
    * a decir verdad... = the fact of the matter is that....
    * a demanda = pro re nata.
    * a deshora(s) = at odd times, out of hours.
    * a día de hoy = as of today.
    * a diario = every day.
    * a diestro y siniestro = like there's no tomorrow.
    * a dieta = on a diet.
    * a diferencia de = apart from, as opposed to, in contradistinction to, as contrasted with, in contrast (to/with), quite apart from, in sharp contrast (with).
    * a diferencia de + Nombre = unlike + Nombre.
    * a diferentes niveles = multi-tiered [multitiered], multi-tier [multitier].
    * a discreción = at will, no holds barred.
    * a disgusto = unwillingly, reluctantly.
    * a disposición de = at the disposal of.
    * a distancia = remote, remotely, distantly.
    * a doble espacio = double-spaced.
    * a domicilio = domiciliary.
    * ¿a dónde se dirige(n)...? = whither?.
    * ¿a dónde va(n)...? = whither?.
    * ¿a dónde vas? = quo vadis, whither thou goest.
    * a dos niveles = two-tier.
    * a dos velas = skint, penniless, broke.
    * a duras penas = with great difficulty.
    * a efectos de = in terms of, for the purpose of + Nombre.
    * a efectos prácticos = to all intents and purposes, for all practical purposes, for all intents and purposes, to all intents.
    * a él = him.
    * a ellos = them.
    * a escala = drawn-to-scale.
    * a escala industrial = on an industrial scale, industrial-scale.
    * a escala mundial = globally, on a global scale.
    * a escala natural = full-scale.
    * a escondidas = by stealth, stealthily, furtively, on the quiet, on the sly.
    * a eso = thereto.
    * a espaldas de = out of sight of.
    * a estas alturas = by now.
    * a este fin = to this end.
    * a este paso = at this rate.
    * a este respecto = in this respect.
    * a este ritmo = at this rate.
    * a estrenar = brand new.
    * a examen = under the microscope.
    * a excepción de = barring, except for, excepting, other than, with the exception of, short of.
    * a excepción de que = except that.
    * a excepción de uno = with one exception.
    * a expensas de = at the expense of, at + Nombre's + expense.
    * a expensas de otro = at someone else's expense.
    * a expensas de otros = at other people's expense.
    * a + Expresión Temporal = as of + Expresión Temporal.
    * a falta de = for want of, in the absence of, in default of, for lack of, short of.
    * a favor = in favour.
    * a favor de = in favour of.
    * a favor de la decisión personal sobre el aborto = pro-choice.
    * a favor de la esclavitud = pro-slavery.
    * a favor de la raza negra = pro-black [problack].
    * a favor de la vida humana = pro-life.
    * a favor y en contra = pro and con.
    * a + Fecha = as per + Fecha.
    * a finales de = by the end of, at the close of + Expresión Temporal.
    * a finales de + Expresión Temporal = as of late + Expresión Temporal, at the end of + Expresión Temporal, by the close of + Expresión Temporal.
    * a finales de + Fecha = in the late + Fecha, in late + Fecha.
    * a finales de los + Década = late + Década, the.
    * a finales del + Siglo = late + Siglo, late period of + Siglo.
    * a fin de cuentas = at the end of the day, in the end, in the final count, in the grand scheme of things, when all is said and done, after all is said and done.
    * a fondo = fully, thoroughly, full-scale.
    * a fondo perdido = non-refundable.
    * ¡a freír espárragos! = on your bike!.
    * a fuerza de = by dint of.
    * a fuerza de cometer errores = the hard way.
    * a fuerza de errores = the hard way.
    * a gas = gas-powered.
    * a gatas = on all fours.
    * a grandes rasgos = broadly, rough draft.
    * a granel = in bulk.
    * a gran escala = large scale [large-scale], massive, on a wide scale, high-volume, wide-scale, on a broad scale, in a big way, on a grand scale.
    * a gran velocidad = at great speed.
    * a grito limpio = at the top of + Posesivo + voice.
    * a grito pelado = at the top of + Posesivo + voice.
    * a gritos = vociferously.
    * a groso modo = crudely.
    * a grosso modo = roughly, rough draft.
    * a gusto = at ease, at leisure.
    * a gusto de = to the liking of, at the pleasure of.
    * a horcajadas = astride.
    * a hurtadillas = surreptitiously, by stealth, stealthily, furtively, on the sly.
    * a imitación de lo clásico = classicising [classicizing, -USA], classicised [classicized, -USA].
    * a iniciativa de = at the initiative of.
    * a iniciativas del gobierno = government-led.
    * a instancia de = at the urging of.
    * a instancias de = at the instigation of, at the behest of, under the auspices of.
    * a intervalos = at intervals.
    * a intervalos + Adjetivo = at + Adjetivo + intervals.
    * a intervalos semanales = at weekly intervals.
    * a invitación de = at the invitation of.
    * a jabón = soapy [soapier -comp., soapiest -sup.].
    * a juicio = on trial.
    * a juicio público = in the public eye.
    * a juzgar por = to judge by, judging by, judging from.
    * a la acuarela = water-coloured [water-colored, -USA].
    * a la alcaldía = mayoral.
    * a la altura de = of the stature of, equal to.
    * a la altura de la cintura = waist high, waist deep.
    * a la altura de la rodilla = knee-high.
    * a la altura de los hombros = shoulder-high.
    * a la anchura de los hombros = shoulder-width.
    * a la anochecida = at nightfall.
    * a la antigua = old-style.
    * a la antigua usanza = old-style.
    * a la atención de = c/o (care of).
    * a la baja = on the wane.
    * a la brasa = grilled.
    * a la buena de Dios = out in the cold.
    * a la cabeza de = in the forefront of/in.
    * a la caída de la noche = at nightfall, at twilight.
    * a la caída de la tarde = at twilight.
    * a la carta = a la carte.
    * a la defensiva = on the defensive.
    * a la derecha = at the right.
    * a la derecha de = on the right side of, on the right-hand side of.
    * a la deriva = rudderless.
    * a la discreción de = at the discretion of.
    * a la disposición de Alguien = at + Posesivo + disposal.
    * a la expectativa de = on the lookout for, on the alert for.
    * a la + Expresión Temporal = a + Expresión Temporal.
    * a la fuerza = forcefully, of necessity, forcibly, compulsorily.
    * a la fuga = on the run, on the lam.
    * a la hora de + Infinitivo = when it came to + Gerundio, when it comes to + Gerundio.
    * a la hora de la verdad = when push comes to shove, if it comes to the crunch, when it comes to the crunch, when the worst comes to the worst, if the worst comes to the worst, when the crunch comes to the crunch, if the crunch comes to the crunch.
    * a la hora del café = at coffee.
    * a la intemperie = in the open, exposed.
    * a la inversa = mirror-fashion, mirror image, in reverse.
    * a la izquierda = at the left.
    * a la larga = in the long term, over the long term, in the end, eventually, for the long pull, over a period of time, over the long haul, in the far term, ultimately, by and by.
    * a la ligera = lightly.
    * a la luz de = in light of, in the light of.
    * a la luz de la luna = by moonlight, in the moonlight, moonlit.
    * a la luz de las estrellas = by starlight.
    * a la luz de las velas = by candlelight, candlelight, candlelit.
    * a la luz del día = in the light of day.
    * a la luz de una lámpara de gas = by gaslight.
    * a la misma altura que = in the same league as.
    * a la moda = trendy [trendier -comp., trendiest -sup.].
    * a la onda = in the know.
    * a la opinión pública = in the public eye.
    * a la par = in concert, in tandem, neck and neck, in a tandem fashion, in parallel.
    * a la par que = in tandem with, hand in hand (with), as the same time as.
    * a la parrilla = grilled, on the grill.
    * a la perfección = superbly.
    * a la plancha = griddled, on the griddle, on the hotplate.
    * a largo plazo = in the long term, over the long term, long-range, in the long run, long-term, over the long run, over the long haul, long-run, in the far term, far-term.
    * a la salida = on the way out.
    * a la sazón = at that time.
    * a las doce del mediodía = at high noon.
    * a la semana = a week, per week.
    * a las mil maravillas = marvellously [marvelously, -USA], famously, like a house on fire.
    * a la sombra de = in the shadow of.
    * a las puertas de = on the threshold of.
    * a la última = hip [hipper -comp., hippest -sup.], on the fast track, hipped.
    * a la vanguardia = on the cutting edge, on the leading edge, in the fast lane, on the fast track, at the leading edge, on the bleeding edge.
    * a la vanguardia de = in the vanguard of, at the forefront of, in the forefront of/in, at the vanguard of.
    * a la velocidad de la luz = at the speed of light.
    * a la velocidad del rayo = at the speed of lightning.
    * a la velocidad del sonido = at the speed of sound.
    * a la venta = on release.
    * a la vez = at once, at one time, at similar times, at the same time, concurrently, side-by-side, simultaneously, at the same instant, in parallel, in tandem, at the one time, in a tandem fashion, at a time, in unison.
    * a la vez que = hand in hand (with), cum, in conjunction with, in unison with.
    * a la vista = in sight, within sight.
    * a la vista de = in light of, in the light of.
    * a la vuelta de = on the return leg of.
    * a la zaga = not far behind, in tow.
    * al azar = lucky draw, lucky dip.
    * al extremo norte = northernmost.
    * al extremo oeste = westernmost.
    * al hacer esto = in doing so.
    * al norte del estado = upstate.
    * a lo extremo = to the extreme.
    * a lo grande = in a big way, big time, grandly, on a grand scale.
    * a lo hecho, pecho = no use crying over spilt/spilled milk, you've made your bed, now you must lie in it!.
    * a lo largo de = along, down, throughout.
    * a lo largo de + Expresión Temporal = sometime + Expresión Temporal.
    * a lo largo de la historia = over time.
    * a lo largo de la ruta = along the way.
    * a lo largo del tiempo = longitudinal, longitudinally.
    * a lo largo de todo = the entire length of.
    * a lo largo y ancho del país = countrywide [country-wide].
    * a lo largo y ancho de + Lugar = up and down + Lugar.
    * a lo lejos = in the distance.
    * a lo loco = helter-skelter, like there's no tomorrow.
    * a lo máximo = at best, at most, at the most.
    * a lo mejor = perhaps.
    * a lo que salga = come what may.
    * a los ojos de = in the eyes of.
    * a lo sumo = at best, at most, at the most.
    * al otro lado del atlántico = across the pond.
    * al otro lado del charco = across the pond.
    * al otro lado del océano = across the pond.
    * a lo zombi = zombielike.
    * a mano = by hand, manually, nearby [near-by], handy, within reach, within easy reach.
    * a mano alzada = by a show of hands.
    * a mano derecha de = on the right side of, on the right-hand side of.
    * a manojos = by the handful.
    * a manos de = at the hands of.
    * a marchas forzadas = in a rush, against the clock.
    * a mares = cats and dogs.
    * a más largo plazo = longer-term.
    * a más..., más... = the + Comparativo..., the + Comparativo....
    * a más tardar = at the latest.
    * a mata caballo = in a hurry, hurried, hurriedly, helter-skelter.
    * a media asta = at half-mast, at half staff.
    * a mediados de = in the middle decades of.
    * a mediados de + Fecha = in the mid + Fecha.
    * a mediados de semana = midweek.
    * a media jornada = half-time [half time].
    * a media mañana = mid-morning.
    * a medianoche = at midnight.
    * a medias = half-hearted [halfhearted], qualified.
    * a medias entre... y... = betwixt and between.
    * a medida = custom, bespoke.
    * a medida que + avanzar + el año = as the year + wear on.
    * a medida que + avanzar + el día = as the day + wear on.
    * a medida que pasaba el tiempo = as time passed (by), as time went by.
    * a medida que pasa el tiempo = as time passes (by).
    * a medida que pasa + Expresión Temporal = as + Expresión Temporal + go by.
    * a medida que + pasar + el año = as the year + wear on.
    * a medida que + pasar + el día = as the day + wear on.
    * a medida que se necesite = on demand, on request, as required.
    * a medida que + transcurrir + el año = as the year + wear on.
    * a medida que + transcurrir + el día = as the day + wear on.
    * a medio abrir = half-opened.
    * a medio camino = halfway [half-way/half way].
    * a medio comprender = half-understood.
    * a medio formar = half-formed.
    * a medio fuego = medium heat.
    * a medio hacer = halfway done, half done.
    * a medio plazo = medium-term, near-term, in the medium term, in the mid-term, mid-term [midterm].
    * a medio rimar = half-rhymed.
    * a medio vestir = half dressed.
    * a menor escala = at a reduced rate.
    * a menos que = unless, short of.
    * a menudo = oftentimes [often times], ofttimes [oft-times].
    * a merced de = at the mercy of.
    * a mí = me.
    * a mi entender = to my mind.
    * a mi modo de ver = in my books.
    * a mi parecer = to my mind, methinks, in my books.
    * a mitad de = half way through, halfway through.
    * a mitad de camino = halfway [half-way/half way].
    * a mitad de camino entre... y... = midway between, half way between... and....
    * a mitad de camino entre... y... = astride... and....
    * a mitad de precio = at half price.
    * a mí también me gustaría tener la misma oportunidad = turnabout is fair play.
    * a modo de = by way of, in the vein of, as a kind of.
    * a modo de aclaración = in parenthesis, on a sidenote.
    * a modo de advertencia = cautionary.
    * a modo de ejemplo = by way of illustration.
    * a modo de explicación = parenthetically.
    * a modo de ilustración = by way of illustration.
    * a modo de inciso = in passing, by the way of (a) digression.
    * a modo de paréntesis = parenthetical.
    * a modo de prólogo = prefatory.
    * a modo de resumen = wrap-up.
    * a mogollón = aplenty [a-plenty].
    * a montón = aplenty [a-plenty].
    * a montones = in droves, by the sackful.
    * a muchos niveles = many-levelled [many-leveled, -USA].
    * a muerte = bitter, bitterly.
    * a nadie le importa nada = nobody + gives a damn.
    * a nivel de barrio = neighbourhood-based.
    * a nivel de calle = on the ground level.
    * a nivel de la calle = at ground level.
    * a nivel del suelo = at ground level.
    * a nivel estatal = statewide [state-wide].
    * a nivel federal = federally, federally.
    * a nivel individual = privately.
    * a nivel local = locally, domestically.
    * a nivel multicultural = multi-culturally [multiculturally].
    * a nivel mundial = worldwide [world-wide], globally.
    * a nivel nacional = nationally, domestically, countrywide [country-wide].
    * a nivel privado = privately.
    * a nivel regional = regionally.
    * a nombre de = payable to.
    * a no ser que = unless.
    * a nosotros = us.
    * a ojo = ocular.
    * a ojos vista = before + Posesivo + (own two) eyes.
    * a orillas del océano = oceanfront.
    * a orillas del río = riverfront.
    * a orillas de un lago = lakeside, lakefront, by the lakeside.
    * a otro sitio = somewhere else.
    * a pares = in pairs.
    * a partes iguales = share and share alike, in equal measure(s).
    * a partir de = on the basis of, based on, working from, from, on a diet of, in response to.
    * a partir de ahora = from now on, from this point on, henceforth, as of now.
    * a partir de ahora y durante + Cuantificador + años = for + Cuantificador + years to come.
    * a partir de aquí = hereupon.
    * a partir de ello = therefrom.
    * a partir de entonces = from this time on, hereafter, thereafter, whereafter, from then on, thenceforth, henceforth, from that moment on.
    * a partir de ese momento = from that moment on.
    * a partir de este momento = hereinafter.
    * a partir de esto = on this basis, on that basis.
    * a partir de + Fecha = from + Fecha, effective + Fecha.
    * a partir de hoy = as from today.
    * a partir de la medianoche = late night.
    * a partir de los títulos = title-based.
    * a paso de tortuga = at a snail's pace.
    * a paso ligero = on the double.
    * a pasos agigantados = at an exponential rate, at exponential rates, by leaps and bounds.
    * a pedir de boca = without a hitch.
    * a pequeña escala = in a small way, small scale [small-scale].
    * a perpetuidad = in perpetuity.
    * a pesar de (que) = albeit (that), despite, in spite of, notwithstanding, although, despite the fact that, in spite of the fact that.
    * a pesar de todo = all the same, in spite of everything, despite everything, despite it all, in spite of it all, all this said.
    * a pesar de todo + Posesivo + Nombre = for all + Posesivo + Nombre.
    * a petición de = at the request of, at the urging of, at the behest of.
    * a petición del usuario = on demand, on request.
    * a petición popular = by popular demand.
    * a pie = on foot, afoot, dismounted.
    * a pilas = battery-operated.
    * a pique = sinking.
    * a placer = at will.
    * a plena luz del día = in broad daylight.
    * a poca distancia = not far behind.
    * a poca distancia andando = within walking distance, within an easy walk.
    * a poca distancia a pie = within an easy walk, within walking distance.
    * a pocos minutos andando = within walking distance, within easy walking distance, within an easy walk.
    * a pocos minutos a pie = within walking distance, within easy walking distance, within an easy walk.
    * a porrillo = by the handful.
    * a + Posesivo + aire = to + Posesivo + heart's content.
    * a + Posesivo + alcance = in the ballpark for + Pronombre, in + Posesivo + ballpark range.
    * a + Posesivo + costa = at + Posesivo + expense.
    * a + Posesivo + cuidado = in + Posesivo + safekeeping.
    * a + Posesivo + discreción = at will, at + Posesivo + discretion.
    * a + Posesivo + disposición = at + Posesivo + disposal.
    * a + Posesivo + entender = to the best of + Posesivo + belief.
    * a + Posesivo + espaldas = behind + Posesivo + back.
    * a + Posesivo + expensas = at + Posesivo + expense.
    * a + Posesivo + favor = in + Posesivo + favour, to + Posesivo + credit.
    * a + Posesivo + juicio = in + Posesivo + estimation.
    * a + Posesivo + manera = in + Posesivo + own way.
    * a + Posesivo + saber = to the best of + Posesivo + knowledge.
    * a + Posesivo + saber y entender = to the best of + Posesivo + knowledge and belief.
    * a + Posesivo + servicio = at + Posesivo + service.
    * a + Posesivo + sorprender = much to + Posesivo + surprise.
    * a + Posesivo + vista = before + Posesivo + (own two) eyes.
    * a posteriori = reactive, in retrospect, after-the-fact, hindsight, with hindsight, a posteriori, in hindsight.
    * a precio de coste = at cost price, at cost.
    * a precio de costo = at cost price, at cost.
    * a precio de ganga = at a steal.
    * a precio especial = at reduced cost, discounted, cut-rate, cut-price.
    * a precio razonable = at reasonable cost(s).
    * a precio reducido = at a discount.
    * a precios competitivos = competitively priced.
    * a precios especiales = at reduced rates, at preferential rates.
    * a precios razonables = at affordable prices.
    * a presión = pressurised [pressurized, -USA].
    * a primera hora de la mañana = first thing in the morning.
    * a primera hora de + Período del Día = first thing + Período del Día.
    * a primeras horas de la tarde = late afternoon.
    * a primera vista = on first acquaintance, at first sight, on first inspection, on the face of it, at first blush, at first glance, on the surface, prima facie, first-blush.
    * a primeros de + Fecha = in the early + Fecha.
    * a principios de + Fecha = in the early + Fecha.
    * a principios de los + Década = early + Década, the.
    * a priori = proactive [pro-active], foresight, a priori, on the surface.
    * a prisa = quickly.
    * a propósito = deliberate, for the record, incidentally, intentionally, by the way, in passing, anecdotally, purposely, by design, on purpose, wilfully [willfully, -USA], on a sidenote, studiously, by the way of (a) digression, by the by(e), speaking of which, designedly.
    * a propósito de = apropos of.
    * a propósito de nada = for no specific reason, for no particular reason.
    * a prueba = on trial.
    * a prueba de bombas = ruggedised [ruggedized, -USA], bomb-proof.
    * a prueba de conejos = rabbit-proof.
    * a prueba de fallos = fail-safe.
    * a prueba de incendios = fireproof [fire-proof].
    * a prueba de niños = childproof.
    * a prueba de robos = theft proof.
    * a prueba de tornados = tornado proof.
    * a prueba de un tratamiento duro = ruggedised [ruggedized, -USA].
    * a prueba de viento = windproof.
    * a puerta cerrada = behind closed doors.
    * a punta de pistola = at gunpoint.
    * a punto de = on the verge of, a heartbeat away from.
    * a punto de + Infinitivo = about to + Infinitivo.
    * a punto de irse a pique = on the rocks.
    * a punto de morir = on + Posesivo + deathbed.
    * a puñados = by the sackful, by the handful.
    * a quemarropa = point blank.
    * a quien madruga, Dios le ayuda = the early bird catches the worm.
    * a quienquiera que = whomever.
    * a rachas = by fits and starts.
    * a ráfagas = in bursts.
    * a raíz de = in the wake of.
    * a rajatabla = to the letter.
    * a ras de = flush with.
    * a ras de la calle = ground-floor.
    * a ras del suelo = at ground level.
    * a rastras = in tow.
    * a ratos = intermittently.
    * a reacción = jet-assisted.
    * a rebosar (de) = jam-packed (with), filled to capacity.
    * a regañadientes = grudgingly, grudging, begrudgingly, unwillingly, reluctantly.
    * a régimen = on a diet.
    * a remolque = in tow.
    * a reventar (de) = jam-packed (with), filled to capacity.
    * a saber = namely, viz, to wit.
    * a sabiendas = knowing, knowingly, wilfully [willfully, -USA].
    * a sabiendas de que = on the understanding that.
    * a sacudidas = jerkily.
    * a saltitos = jerky [jerkier -comp., jerkiest -sup.].
    * a salvo = in a safe place, in safekeeping, out of harm's way.
    * a sangre fría = cold-blooded.
    * a ser posible = if possible.
    * a simple vista = by the naked eye, superficially, on first thought.
    * a solas = all by + Reflexivo, by + Reflexivo.
    * a su debido tiempo = in due course, timely, in due time.
    * a sueldo = paid.
    * a su precio normal = at full price.
    * a su propio ritmo = at an individual pace.
    * a su tiempo = in a timely fashion, in due course, in a timely manner.
    * a su vez = Verbo + further, in turn, in its/their turn.
    * a tal efecto = to this effect.
    * a tales efectos = hereto.
    * a tarifa reducida = at reduced cost.
    * a tarifas especiales = at reduced rates, at preferential rates.
    * a temperatura ambiente = at room temperature.
    * a tener en cuenta en el futuro = for future reference.
    * a tenor de = in light of, in the face of, in the light of, in view of.
    * a ti = you, thee.
    * a tiempo = in timely fashion, on time, promptly, timely, just in time, in time.
    * a tiempo completo = full-time.
    * a tiempo parcial = part-time.
    * a tientas = in the dark.
    * a tientas y a ciegas = blindly, in the dark.
    * a ti mismo = yourself, thyself.
    * a tiro = within gunshot, within range.
    * a tirones = jerky [jerkier -comp., jerkiest -sup.].
    * a título de = by way of, for the sake of.
    * a título gratuito = gratuitous.
    * a título personal = in a personal capacity, in a private capacity.
    * a toda costa = absolutely, at all costs, come what may, at any cost, at any price.
    * a toda máquina = in the fast lane, fast lane, full steam ahead, at full tilt, full-tilt, full-throttle, at full throttle, at top speed, at full blast, at full speed.
    * a toda marcha = at full throttle, at top speed, at full blast, at full speed, at full stretch.
    * a toda mecha = at a rate of knots, full steam ahead, at full blast, at full throttle, at top speed, at full speed, at full stretch.
    * a toda pasta = at a rate of knots.
    * a toda pastilla = in the fast lane, on the fast track, fast lane, overdrive, full steam ahead, full-tilt, at full tilt, full-throttle, at full throttle, at a rate of knots, at top speed, at full blast, at full speed.
    * a toda prueba = unswerving.
    * a todas horas = at all hours, around the clock.
    * a todas luces = patently.
    * a todas partes = far and wide.
    * a toda velocidad = full-tilt, at full tilt, full-throttle, at full throttle, at top speed, at full blast, at full speed.
    * a todo alrededor = all round.
    * a todo color = full-colour, in full colour.
    * a todo gas = full steam ahead, full-tilt, at full tilt, full-throttle, at full throttle, at top speed, at full blast, at full speed, at full stretch.
    * a todo lo largo de = the length of.
    * a todo meter = full steam ahead, at full stretch, at full speed, at full blast, at top speed, at full throttle.
    * a todo ritmo = in full swing, in full force, in full gear.
    * a todos lados = far and wide.
    * a todos los efectos = to all intents and purposes, to all intents, for all practical purposes, for all intents and purposes.
    * a todos los niveles = at all levels.
    * a todos nosotros = us all.
    * a todos por igual = one size fits all.
    * a todo vapor = full steam ahead, full-tilt, at full tilt, full-throttle, at full throttle, at top speed, at full blast, at full speed, at full stretch.
    * a todo volumen = at full blast.
    * a tontas y a ciegas = headlong, runaway.
    * a tontas y locas = like there's no tomorrow, without rhyme or reason.
    * a tope = packed to capacity, in the fast lane, fast lane, choc-a-block, chock-full, in full swing, in full gear, packed to the rafters.
    * a trancas y barrancas = with great difficulty, by fits and starts.
    * a través de = by way of, in the form of, through, via, out of, through the agency of.
    * a través de Internet = Internet-based, Web-based, Web-supported.
    * a través de la historia = over time.
    * a través de la TI = IT-enabled.
    * a través de la web = Web-based, Web-supported.
    * a través de los años = over the years, down the years.
    * a través de los ojos de = through the eyes of.
    * a través de los siglos = over the centuries.
    * a través del teléfono = call-in.
    * a través del tiempo = over time.
    * a través de operador = operator-assisted.
    * a tres bandas = three pronged.
    * a tres niveles = three-tiered.
    * a troche y moche = like there's no tomorrow.
    * a trompicones = by fits and starts.
    * a tropezones = falteringly, hesitantly, haltingly, jerkily.
    * a trozos = piecewise.
    * ¡A tu salud! = Here's to you!.
    * a última hora = at the last minute, at the eleventh hour, last minute [last-minute], at the very last minute, at the very last moment, at the very last.
    * a últimas horas de la tarde = late evening.
    [b]* a últ
    * * *
    a femenino (pl aes) ( read as [a]) the letter A, a
    * * *
    = for, per, to.

    Ex: The fine policy matrix corresponds to the loan policy matrix, cell for cell.

    Ex: Indexing can thus be achieved at a detailed level, with often many terms per document, with almost no indexing effort.
    Ex: Accessibility to the documents stored in files is an important factor, so the physical storage is important.
    * a + Adjetivo + escala = on a + Adjetivo + scale.
    * a alguna parte = someplace.
    * a alta presión = high-pressured, high-pressure.
    * a altas horas de la noche = late at night.
    * a ambas orillas del Atlántico = on both sides of the ocean, on both sides of the Atlantic.
    * a ambos lados de = on either side of.
    * a ambos lados del Altántico = on both sides of the ocean, on both sides of the Atlantic.
    * a ambos lados de + Lugar = on both sides of + Lugar.
    * a años luz de = light years away from.
    * a bajas temperaturas = at low temperature.
    * a bajo coste = low-cost.
    * a bajo costo = low-cost.
    * a bajo nivel = low-level.
    * a bajo precio = lower-cost, at a low price, on the cheap.
    * a base de = in the form of, on a diet of.
    * a base de carne = meaty [meatier -comp., meatiest -sup.].
    * a base de cometer errores = the hard way.
    * a base de errores = the hard way.
    * a boca de jarro = at close range.
    * a bocajarro = point blank.
    * a bombo y platillo = fanfare, with a bang.
    * a bordo = aboard, on board ship.
    * a bordo de = aboard, onboard.
    * a bordo de un barco = shipboard, on board ship.
    * a buen recaudo = in a safe place, in safekeeping.
    * a caballo = on horseback, astride.
    * a caballo entre = astride... and..., midway between.
    * a caballo entre... y... = half way between... and....
    * a caballo regalado no se le mira el diente = never look a gift horse in the mouth.
    * a cada rato = every so often, every now and then, every now and again, every once in a while.
    * a cambio = in return.
    * a cambio de = in exchange for, in return for.
    * a cambio de nada = for nothing.
    * a cántaros = cats and dogs.
    * a cargo = in the saddle.
    * a cargo (de) = charged with, in charge (of), at the helm (of).
    * a cargo de Alguien = under supervision.
    * a cargo de las riendas = in the saddle.
    * a cargo del ayuntamiento = local authority-run.
    * a cargo del gobierno = government-operated, government-run.
    * a cargo de una sola persona = one-man band.
    * a cargo de voluntarios = volunteer-run.
    * a chorros = profusely.
    * a ciegas = blindfold, blindly, blindfolded, in the dark.
    * a ciencia cierta = for sure, for certain.
    * a cierta distancia = some distance away.
    * a cierta distancia de = off.
    * a cierta distancia de la costa = offshore.
    * a cierta distancia del litoral = offshore.
    * a cobro revertido = reverse charges.
    * a color = multi-colour [multi-color -USA].
    * a comienzos de + Expresión Temporal = early + Expresión Temporal, the.
    * a comienzos de + Fecha = in the early + Fecha, in the early part of + Fecha.
    * a comienzos de + Período de Tiempo = by the turn of + Período de Tiempo, at the turn of + Período de Tiempo.
    * a conciencia = deliberately, wilfully [willfully, -USA], by design, on purpose.
    * a condición de que + Subjuntivo = provided (that), providing (that), as long as.
    * a contenido enriquecido = content-enriched.
    * a continuación = next, then, in the following, herewith.
    * a continuación se enumeran = given below.
    * a contracorriente = against the grain.
    * a contraluz = against the light.
    * a contrapelo = against the grain, against the nap.
    * a coro = with one voice, in unison.
    * a corto plazo = before very long, short term [short-term], in the short run, short-range, at short notice, in the short term, short-run.
    * a costa de = at the cost of, at the expense of, at + Nombre's + expense, at cost of.
    * a costa de mucho = at (a) great expense.
    * a costa de otro = at someone else's expense.
    * a costa de otros = at other people's expense.
    * a criterio de = at the discretion of.
    * a cualquier hora = anytime, around the clock.
    * a cualquier hora del día o de la noche = at any hour of the day or night, at any time of the day or night.
    * a cualquier precio = at any cost, at all costs, at any price.
    * a cuatro aguas = hipped.
    * a cuatro patas = on all fours, on four legs.
    * a cuenta de = at the expense of.
    * a cuenta de la empresa = at company expense.
    * a cuenta de otro = at someone else's expense.
    * a cuenta de otros = at other people's expense.
    * a cuenta propia = at + Posesivo + expense, at + Posesivo + own expense.
    * a cuerpo de rey = the lap of luxury.
    * a cuestas = in tow.
    * a decir de todos = by all accounts.
    * a decir verdad = to tell the truth, if the truth be known, if the truth be told, in all truth, in truth, fact is, the fact is (that), to be fair.
    * a decir verdad... = the fact of the matter is that....
    * a demanda = pro re nata.
    * a deshora(s) = at odd times, out of hours.
    * a día de hoy = as of today.
    * a diario = every day.
    * a diestro y siniestro = like there's no tomorrow.
    * a dieta = on a diet.
    * a diferencia de = apart from, as opposed to, in contradistinction to, as contrasted with, in contrast (to/with), quite apart from, in sharp contrast (with).
    * a diferencia de + Nombre = unlike + Nombre.
    * a diferentes niveles = multi-tiered [multitiered], multi-tier [multitier].
    * a discreción = at will, no holds barred.
    * a disgusto = unwillingly, reluctantly.
    * a disposición de = at the disposal of.
    * a distancia = remote, remotely, distantly.
    * a doble espacio = double-spaced.
    * a domicilio = domiciliary.
    * ¿a dónde se dirige(n)...? = whither?.
    * ¿a dónde va(n)...? = whither?.
    * ¿a dónde vas? = quo vadis, whither thou goest.
    * a dos niveles = two-tier.
    * a dos velas = skint, penniless, broke.
    * a duras penas = with great difficulty.
    * a efectos de = in terms of, for the purpose of + Nombre.
    * a efectos prácticos = to all intents and purposes, for all practical purposes, for all intents and purposes, to all intents.
    * a él = him.
    * a ellos = them.
    * a escala = drawn-to-scale.
    * a escala industrial = on an industrial scale, industrial-scale.
    * a escala mundial = globally, on a global scale.
    * a escala natural = full-scale.
    * a escondidas = by stealth, stealthily, furtively, on the quiet, on the sly.
    * a eso = thereto.
    * a espaldas de = out of sight of.
    * a estas alturas = by now.
    * a este fin = to this end.
    * a este paso = at this rate.
    * a este respecto = in this respect.
    * a este ritmo = at this rate.
    * a estrenar = brand new.
    * a examen = under the microscope.
    * a excepción de = barring, except for, excepting, other than, with the exception of, short of.
    * a excepción de que = except that.
    * a excepción de uno = with one exception.
    * a expensas de = at the expense of, at + Nombre's + expense.
    * a expensas de otro = at someone else's expense.
    * a expensas de otros = at other people's expense.
    * a + Expresión Temporal = as of + Expresión Temporal.
    * a falta de = for want of, in the absence of, in default of, for lack of, short of.
    * a favor = in favour.
    * a favor de = in favour of.
    * a favor de la decisión personal sobre el aborto = pro-choice.
    * a favor de la esclavitud = pro-slavery.
    * a favor de la raza negra = pro-black [problack].
    * a favor de la vida humana = pro-life.
    * a favor y en contra = pro and con.
    * a + Fecha = as per + Fecha.
    * a finales de = by the end of, at the close of + Expresión Temporal.
    * a finales de + Expresión Temporal = as of late + Expresión Temporal, at the end of + Expresión Temporal, by the close of + Expresión Temporal.
    * a finales de + Fecha = in the late + Fecha, in late + Fecha.
    * a finales de los + Década = late + Década, the.
    * a finales del + Siglo = late + Siglo, late period of + Siglo.
    * a fin de cuentas = at the end of the day, in the end, in the final count, in the grand scheme of things, when all is said and done, after all is said and done.
    * a fondo = fully, thoroughly, full-scale.
    * a fondo perdido = non-refundable.
    * ¡a freír espárragos! = on your bike!.
    * a fuerza de = by dint of.
    * a fuerza de cometer errores = the hard way.
    * a fuerza de errores = the hard way.
    * a gas = gas-powered.
    * a gatas = on all fours.
    * a grandes rasgos = broadly, rough draft.
    * a granel = in bulk.
    * a gran escala = large scale [large-scale], massive, on a wide scale, high-volume, wide-scale, on a broad scale, in a big way, on a grand scale.
    * a gran velocidad = at great speed.
    * a grito limpio = at the top of + Posesivo + voice.
    * a grito pelado = at the top of + Posesivo + voice.
    * a gritos = vociferously.
    * a groso modo = crudely.
    * a grosso modo = roughly, rough draft.
    * a gusto = at ease, at leisure.
    * a gusto de = to the liking of, at the pleasure of.
    * a horcajadas = astride.
    * a hurtadillas = surreptitiously, by stealth, stealthily, furtively, on the sly.
    * a imitación de lo clásico = classicising [classicizing, -USA], classicised [classicized, -USA].
    * a iniciativa de = at the initiative of.
    * a iniciativas del gobierno = government-led.
    * a instancia de = at the urging of.
    * a instancias de = at the instigation of, at the behest of, under the auspices of.
    * a intervalos = at intervals.
    * a intervalos + Adjetivo = at + Adjetivo + intervals.
    * a intervalos semanales = at weekly intervals.
    * a invitación de = at the invitation of.
    * a jabón = soapy [soapier -comp., soapiest -sup.].
    * a juicio = on trial.
    * a juicio público = in the public eye.
    * a juzgar por = to judge by, judging by, judging from.
    * a la acuarela = water-coloured [water-colored, -USA].
    * a la alcaldía = mayoral.
    * a la altura de = of the stature of, equal to.
    * a la altura de la cintura = waist high, waist deep.
    * a la altura de la rodilla = knee-high.
    * a la altura de los hombros = shoulder-high.
    * a la anchura de los hombros = shoulder-width.
    * a la anochecida = at nightfall.
    * a la antigua = old-style.
    * a la antigua usanza = old-style.
    * a la atención de = c/o (care of).
    * a la baja = on the wane.
    * a la brasa = grilled.
    * a la buena de Dios = out in the cold.
    * a la cabeza de = in the forefront of/in.
    * a la caída de la noche = at nightfall, at twilight.
    * a la caída de la tarde = at twilight.
    * a la carta = a la carte.
    * a la defensiva = on the defensive.
    * a la derecha = at the right.
    * a la derecha de = on the right side of, on the right-hand side of.
    * a la deriva = rudderless.
    * a la discreción de = at the discretion of.
    * a la disposición de Alguien = at + Posesivo + disposal.
    * a la expectativa de = on the lookout for, on the alert for.
    * a la + Expresión Temporal = a + Expresión Temporal.
    * a la fuerza = forcefully, of necessity, forcibly, compulsorily.
    * a la fuga = on the run, on the lam.
    * a la hora de + Infinitivo = when it came to + Gerundio, when it comes to + Gerundio.
    * a la hora de la verdad = when push comes to shove, if it comes to the crunch, when it comes to the crunch, when the worst comes to the worst, if the worst comes to the worst, when the crunch comes to the crunch, if the crunch comes to the crunch.
    * a la hora del café = at coffee.
    * a la intemperie = in the open, exposed.
    * a la inversa = mirror-fashion, mirror image, in reverse.
    * a la izquierda = at the left.
    * a la larga = in the long term, over the long term, in the end, eventually, for the long pull, over a period of time, over the long haul, in the far term, ultimately, by and by.
    * a la ligera = lightly.
    * a la luz de = in light of, in the light of.
    * a la luz de la luna = by moonlight, in the moonlight, moonlit.
    * a la luz de las estrellas = by starlight.
    * a la luz de las velas = by candlelight, candlelight, candlelit.
    * a la luz del día = in the light of day.
    * a la luz de una lámpara de gas = by gaslight.
    * a la mano de = available at the fingertips of.
    * a la misma altura que = in the same league as.
    * a la moda = trendy [trendier -comp., trendiest -sup.].
    * a la onda = in the know.
    * a la opinión pública = in the public eye.
    * a la par = in concert, in tandem, neck and neck, in a tandem fashion, in parallel.
    * a la par que = in tandem with, hand in hand (with), as the same time as.
    * a la parrilla = grilled, on the grill.
    * a la perfección = superbly.
    * a la plancha = griddled, on the griddle, on the hotplate.
    * a largo plazo = in the long term, over the long term, long-range, in the long run, long-term, over the long run, over the long haul, long-run, in the far term, far-term.
    * a la salida = on the way out.
    * a la sazón = at that time.
    * a las doce del mediodía = at high noon.
    * a la semana = a week, per week.
    * a las mil maravillas = marvellously [marvelously, -USA], famously, like a house on fire.
    * a la sombra de = in the shadow of.
    * a las puertas de = on the threshold of.
    * a la última = hip [hipper -comp., hippest -sup.], on the fast track, hipped.
    * a la vanguardia = on the cutting edge, on the leading edge, in the fast lane, on the fast track, at the leading edge, on the bleeding edge.
    * a la vanguardia de = in the vanguard of, at the forefront of, in the forefront of/in, at the vanguard of.
    * a la velocidad de la luz = at the speed of light.
    * a la velocidad del rayo = at the speed of lightning.
    * a la velocidad del sonido = at the speed of sound.
    * a la venta = on release.
    * a la vez = at once, at one time, at similar times, at the same time, concurrently, side-by-side, simultaneously, at the same instant, in parallel, in tandem, at the one time, in a tandem fashion, at a time, in unison.
    * a la vez que = hand in hand (with), cum, in conjunction with, in unison with.
    * a la vista = in sight, within sight.
    * a la vista de = in light of, in the light of.
    * a la vuelta de = on the return leg of.
    * a la zaga = not far behind, in tow.
    * al azar = lucky draw, lucky dip.
    * al extremo norte = northernmost.
    * al extremo oeste = westernmost.
    * al hacer esto = in doing so.
    * al norte del estado = upstate.
    * a lo extremo = to the extreme.
    * a lo grande = in a big way, big time, grandly, on a grand scale.
    * a lo hecho, pecho = no use crying over spilt/spilled milk, you've made your bed, now you must lie in it!.
    * a lo largo de = along, down, throughout.
    * a lo largo de + Expresión Temporal = sometime + Expresión Temporal.
    * a lo largo de la historia = over time.
    * a lo largo de la ruta = along the way.
    * a lo largo del tiempo = longitudinal, longitudinally.
    * a lo largo de todo = the entire length of.
    * a lo largo y ancho del país = countrywide [country-wide].
    * a lo largo y ancho de + Lugar = up and down + Lugar.
    * a lo lejos = in the distance.
    * a lo loco = helter-skelter, like there's no tomorrow.
    * a lo máximo = at best, at most, at the most.
    * a lo mejor = perhaps.
    * a lo que salga = come what may.
    * a los ojos de = in the eyes of.
    * a lo sumo = at best, at most, at the most.
    * al otro lado del atlántico = across the pond.
    * al otro lado del charco = across the pond.
    * al otro lado del océano = across the pond.
    * a lo zombi = zombielike.
    * a mano = by hand, manually, nearby [near-by], handy, within reach, within easy reach.
    * a mano alzada = by a show of hands.
    * a mano derecha de = on the right side of, on the right-hand side of.
    * a manojos = by the handful.
    * a manos de = at the hands of.
    * a marchas forzadas = in a rush, against the clock.
    * a mares = cats and dogs.
    * a más largo plazo = longer-term.
    * a más..., más... = the + Comparativo..., the + Comparativo....
    * a más tardar = at the latest.
    * a mata caballo = in a hurry, hurried, hurriedly, helter-skelter.
    * a media asta = at half-mast, at half staff.
    * a mediados de = in the middle decades of.
    * a mediados de + Fecha = in the mid + Fecha.
    * a mediados de semana = midweek.
    * a media jornada = half-time [half time].
    * a media mañana = mid-morning.
    * a medianoche = at midnight.
    * a medias = half-hearted [halfhearted], qualified.
    * a medias entre... y... = betwixt and between.
    * a medida = custom, bespoke.
    * a medida que + avanzar + el año = as the year + wear on.
    * a medida que + avanzar + el día = as the day + wear on.
    * a medida que pasaba el tiempo = as time passed (by), as time went by.
    * a medida que pasa el tiempo = as time passes (by).
    * a medida que pasa + Expresión Temporal = as + Expresión Temporal + go by.
    * a medida que + pasar + el año = as the year + wear on.
    * a medida que + pasar + el día = as the day + wear on.
    * a medida que se necesite = on demand, on request, as required.
    * a medida que + transcurrir + el año = as the year + wear on.
    * a medida que + transcurrir + el día = as the day + wear on.
    * a medio abrir = half-opened.
    * a medio camino = halfway [half-way/half way].
    * a medio comprender = half-understood.
    * a medio formar = half-formed.
    * a medio fuego = medium heat.
    * a medio hacer = halfway done, half done.
    * a medio plazo = medium-term, near-term, in the medium term, in the mid-term, mid-term [midterm].
    * a medio rimar = half-rhymed.
    * a medio vestir = half dressed.
    * a menor escala = at a reduced rate.
    * a menos que = unless, short of.
    * a menudo = oftentimes [often times], ofttimes [oft-times].
    * a merced de = at the mercy of.
    * a mí = me.
    * a mi entender = to my mind.
    * a mi modo de ver = in my books.
    * a mi parecer = to my mind, methinks, in my books.
    * a mitad de = half way through, halfway through.
    * a mitad de camino = halfway [half-way/half way].
    * a mitad de camino entre... y... = midway between, half way between... and....
    * a mitad de camino entre... y... = astride... and....
    * a mitad de precio = at half price.
    * a mí también me gustaría tener la misma oportunidad = turnabout is fair play.
    * a modo de = by way of, in the vein of, as a kind of.
    * a modo de aclaración = in parenthesis, on a sidenote.
    * a modo de advertencia = cautionary.
    * a modo de ejemplo = by way of illustration.
    * a modo de explicación = parenthetically.
    * a modo de ilustración = by way of illustration.
    * a modo de inciso = in passing, by the way of (a) digression.
    * a modo de paréntesis = parenthetical.
    * a modo de prólogo = prefatory.
    * a modo de resumen = wrap-up.
    * a mogollón = aplenty [a-plenty].
    * a montón = aplenty [a-plenty].
    * a montones = in droves, by the sackful.
    * a muchos niveles = many-levelled [many-leveled, -USA].
    * a muerte = bitter, bitterly.
    * a nadie le importa nada = nobody + gives a damn.
    * a nivel de barrio = neighbourhood-based.
    * a nivel de calle = on the ground level.
    * a nivel de la calle = at ground level.
    * a nivel del suelo = at ground level.
    * a nivel estatal = statewide [state-wide].
    * a nivel federal = federally, federally.
    * a nivel individual = privately.
    * a nivel local = locally, domestically.
    * a nivel multicultural = multi-culturally [multiculturally].
    * a nivel mundial = worldwide [world-wide], globally.
    * a nivel nacional = nationally, domestically, countrywide [country-wide].
    * a nivel privado = privately.
    * a nivel regional = regionally.
    * a nombre de = payable to.
    * a no ser que = unless.
    * a nosotros = us.
    * a ojo = ocular.
    * a ojos vista = before + Posesivo + (own two) eyes.
    * a orillas del océano = oceanfront.
    * a orillas del río = riverfront.
    * a orillas de un lago = lakeside, lakefront, by the lakeside.
    * a otro sitio = somewhere else.
    * a pares = in pairs.
    * a partes iguales = share and share alike, in equal measure(s).
    * a partir de = on the basis of, based on, working from, from, on a diet of, in response to.
    * a partir de ahora = from now on, from this point on, henceforth, as of now.
    * a partir de ahora y durante + Cuantificador + años = for + Cuantificador + years to come.
    * a partir de aquí = hereupon.
    * a partir de ello = therefrom.
    * a partir de entonces = from this time on, hereafter, thereafter, whereafter, from then on, thenceforth, henceforth, from that moment on.
    * a partir de ese momento = from that moment on.
    * a partir de este momento = hereinafter.
    * a partir de esto = on this basis, on that basis.
    * a partir de + Fecha = from + Fecha, effective + Fecha.
    * a partir de hoy = as from today.
    * a partir de la medianoche = late night.
    * a partir de los títulos = title-based.
    * a paso de tortuga = at a snail's pace.
    * a paso ligero = on the double.
    * a pasos agigantados = at an exponential rate, at exponential rates, by leaps and bounds.
    * a pedir de boca = without a hitch.
    * a pequeña escala = in a small way, small scale [small-scale].
    * a perpetuidad = in perpetuity.
    * a pesar de (que) = albeit (that), despite, in spite of, notwithstanding, although, despite the fact that, in spite of the fact that.
    * a pesar de todo = all the same, in spite of everything, despite everything, despite it all, in spite of it all, all this said.
    * a pesar de todo + Posesivo + Nombre = for all + Posesivo + Nombre.
    * a petición de = at the request of, at the urging of, at the behest of.
    * a petición del usuario = on demand, on request.
    * a petición popular = by popular demand.
    * a pie = on foot, afoot, dismounted.
    * a pilas = battery-operated.
    * a pique = sinking.
    * a placer = at will.
    * a plena luz del día = in broad daylight.
    * a poca distancia = not far behind.
    * a poca distancia andando = within walking distance, within an easy walk.
    * a poca distancia a pie = within an easy walk, within walking distance.
    * a pocos minutos andando = within walking distance, within easy walking distance, within an easy walk.
    * a pocos minutos a pie = within walking distance, within easy walking distance, within an easy walk.
    * a porrillo = by the handful.
    * a + Posesivo + aire = to + Posesivo + heart's content.
    * a + Posesivo + alcance = in the ballpark for + Pronombre, in + Posesivo + ballpark range.
    * a + Posesivo + costa = at + Posesivo + expense.
    * a + Posesivo + cuidado = in + Posesivo + safekeeping.
    * a + Posesivo + discreción = at will, at + Posesivo + discretion.
    * a + Posesivo + disposición = at + Posesivo + disposal.
    * a + Posesivo + entender = to the best of + Posesivo + belief.
    * a + Posesivo + espaldas = behind + Posesivo + back.
    * a + Posesivo + expensas = at + Posesivo + expense.
    * a + Posesivo + favor = in + Posesivo + favour, to + Posesivo + credit.
    * a + Posesivo + juicio = in + Posesivo + estimation.
    * a + Posesivo + manera = in + Posesivo + own way.
    * a + Posesivo + saber = to the best of + Posesivo + knowledge.
    * a + Posesivo + saber y entender = to the best of + Posesivo + knowledge and belief.
    * a + Posesivo + servicio = at + Posesivo + service.
    * a + Posesivo + sorprender = much to + Posesivo + surprise.
    * a + Posesivo + vista = before + Posesivo + (own two) eyes.
    * a posteriori = reactive, in retrospect, after-the-fact, hindsight, with hindsight, a posteriori, in hindsight.
    * a precio de coste = at cost price, at cost.
    * a precio de costo = at cost price, at cost.
    * a precio de ganga = at a steal.
    * a precio especial = at reduced cost, discounted, cut-rate, cut-price.
    * a precio razonable = at reasonable cost(s).
    * a precio reducido = at a discount.
    * a precios competitivos = competitively priced.
    * a precios especiales = at reduced rates, at preferential rates.
    * a precios razonables = at affordable prices.
    * a presión = pressurised [pressurized, -USA].
    * a primera hora de la mañana = first thing in the morning.
    * a primera hora de + Período del Día = first thing + Período del Día.
    * a primeras horas de la tarde = late afternoon.
    * a primera vista = on first acquaintance, at first sight, on first inspection, on the face of it, at first blush, at first glance, on the surface, prima facie, first-blush.
    * a primeros de + Fecha = in the early + Fecha.
    * a principios de + Fecha = in the early + Fecha.
    * a principios de los + Década = early + Década, the.
    * a priori = proactive [pro-active], foresight, a priori, on the surface.
    * a prisa = quickly.
    * a propósito = deliberate, for the record, incidentally, intentionally, by the way, in passing, anecdotally, purposely, by design, on purpose, wilfully [willfully, -USA], on a sidenote, studiously, by the way of (a) digression, by the by(e), speaking of which, designedly.
    * a propósito de = apropos of.
    * a propósito de nada = for no specific reason, for no particular reason.
    * a prueba = on trial.
    * a prueba de bombas = ruggedised [ruggedized, -USA], bomb-proof.
    * a prueba de conejos = rabbit-proof.
    * a prueba de fallos = fail-safe.
    * a prueba de incendios = fireproof [fire-proof].
    * a prueba de niños = childproof.
    * a prueba de robos = theft proof.
    * a prueba de tornados = tornado proof.
    * a prueba de un tratamiento duro = ruggedised [ruggedized, -USA].
    * a prueba de viento = windproof.
    * a puerta cerrada = behind closed doors.
    * a punta de pistola = at gunpoint.
    * a punto de = on the verge of, a heartbeat away from.
    * a punto de + Infinitivo = about to + Infinitivo.
    * a punto de irse a pique = on the rocks.
    * a punto de morir = on + Posesivo + deathbed.
    * a puñados = by the sackful, by the handful.
    * a quemarropa = point blank.
    * a quien madruga, Dios le ayuda = the early bird catches the worm.
    * a quienquiera que = whomever.
    * a rachas = by fits and starts.
    * a ráfagas = in bursts.
    * a raíz de = in the wake of.
    * a rajatabla = to the letter.
    * a ras de = flush with.
    * a ras de la calle = ground-floor.
    * a ras del suelo = at ground level.
    * a rastras = in tow.
    * a ratos = intermittently.
    * a reacción = jet-assisted.
    * a rebosar (de) = jam-packed (with), filled to capacity.
    * a regañadientes = grudgingly, grudging, begrudgingly, unwillingly, reluctantly.
    * a régimen = on a diet.
    * a remolque = in tow.
    * a reventar (de) = jam-packed (with), filled to capacity.
    * a saber = namely, viz, to wit.
    * a sabiendas = knowing, knowingly, wilfully [willfully, -USA].
    * a sabiendas de que = on the understanding that.
    * a sacudidas = jerkily.
    * a saltitos = jerky [jerkier -comp., jerkiest -sup.].
    * a salvo = in a safe place, in safekeeping, out of harm's way.
    * a sangre fría = cold-blooded.
    * a ser posible = if possible.
    * a simple vista = by the naked eye, superficially, on first thought.
    * a solas = all by + Reflexivo, by + Reflexivo.
    * a su debido tiempo = in due course, timely, in due time.
    * a sueldo = paid.
    * a su precio normal = at full price.
    * a su propio ritmo = at an individual pace.
    * a su tiempo = in a timely fashion, in due course, in a timely manner.
    * a su vez = Verbo + further, in turn, in its/their turn.
    * a tal efecto = to this effect.
    * a tales efectos = hereto.
    * a tarifa reducida = at reduced cost.
    * a tarifas especiales = at reduced rates, at preferential rates.
    * a temperatura ambiente = at room temperature.
    * a tener en cuenta en el futuro = for future reference.
    * a tenor de = in light of, in the face of, in the light of, in view of.
    * a ti = you, thee.
    * a tiempo = in timely fashion, on time, promptly, timely, just in time, in time.
    * a tiempo completo = full-time.
    * a tiempo parcial = part-time.
    * a tientas = in the dark.
    * a tientas y a ciegas = blindly, in the dark.
    * a ti mismo = yourself, thyself.
    * a tiro = within gunshot, within range.
    * a tirones = jerky [jerkier -comp., jerkiest -sup.].
    * a título de = by way of, for the sake of.
    * a título gratuito = gratuitous.
    * a título personal = in a personal capacity, in a private capacity.
    * a toda costa = absolutely, at all costs, come what may, at any cost, at any price.
    * a toda máquina = in the fast lane, fast lane, full steam ahead, at full tilt, full-tilt, full-throttle, at full throttle, at top speed, at full blast, at full speed.
    * a toda marcha = at full throttle, at top speed, at full blast, at full speed, at full stretch.
    * a toda mecha = at a rate of knots, full steam ahead, at full blast, at full throttle, at top speed, at full speed, at full stretch.
    * a toda pasta = at a rate of knots.
    * a toda pastilla = in the fast lane, on the fast track, fast lane, overdrive, full steam ahead, full-tilt, at full tilt, full-throttle, at full throttle, at a rate of knots, at top speed, at full blast, at full speed.
    * a toda prueba = unswerving.
    * a todas horas = at all hours, around the clock.
    * a todas luces = patently.
    * a todas partes = far and wide.
    * a toda velocidad = full-tilt, at full tilt, full-throttle, at full throttle, at top speed, at full blast, at full speed.
    * a todo alrededor = all round.
    * a todo color = full-colour, in full colour.
    * a todo gas = full steam ahead, full-tilt, at full tilt, full-throttle, at full throttle, at top speed, at full blast, at full speed, at full stretch.
    * a todo lo largo de = the length of.
    * a todo meter = full steam ahead, at full stretch, at full speed, at full blast, at top speed, at full throttle.
    * a todo ritmo = in full swing, in full force, in full gear.
    * a todos lados = far and wide.
    * a todos los efectos = to all intents and purposes, to all intents, for all practical purposes, for all intents and purposes.
    * a todos los niveles = at all levels.
    * a todos nosotros = us all.
    * a todos por igual = one size fits all.
    * a todo vapor = full steam ahead, full-tilt, at full tilt, full-throttle, at full throttle, at top speed, at full blast, at full speed, at full stretch.
    * a todo volumen = at full blast.
    * a tontas y a ciegas = headlong, runaway.
    * a tontas y locas = like there's no tomorrow, without rhyme or reason.
    * a tope = packed to capacity, in the fast lane, fast lane, choc-a-block, chock-full, in full swing, in full gear, packed to the rafters.
    * a trancas y barrancas = with great difficulty, by fits and starts.
    * a través de = by way of, in the form of, through, via, out of, through the agency of.
    * a través de Internet = Internet-based, Web-based, Web-supported.
    * a través de la historia = over time.
    * a través de la TI = IT-enabled.
    * a través de la web = Web-based, Web-supported.
    * a través de los años = over the years, down the years.
    * a través de los ojos de = through the eyes of.
    * a través de los siglos = over the centuries.
    * a través del teléfono = call-in.
    * a través del tiempo = over time.
    * a través de operador = operator-assisted.
    * a tres bandas = three pronged.
    * a tres niveles = three-tiered.
    * a troche y moche = like there's no tomorrow.
    * a trompicones = by fits and starts.
    * a tropezones = falteringly, hesitantly, haltingly, jerkily.
    * a trozos = piecewise.
    * ¡A tu salud! = Here's to you!.
    * a última hora = at the last minute, at the eleventh hour, last minute [last-minute], at the very last minute, at the very last moment, at the very last.
    * a últimas horas de la tarde = late evening.
    * a últ

    * * *
    a
    La preposición a suele emplearse precedida de ciertos verbos como empezar, ir, oler, sonar etc, en cuyo caso ver bajo el respectivo verbo.
    No se traduce cuando introduce el complemento directo de persona (ser humano, pronombres personales que lo representan como quien, alguien, etc) o un nombre con un objeto o animal personalizado: amo a mi patria = I love my country, pasear al perro = to walk the dog.
    En los casos en que precede al artículo definido el para formar la contracción al, ver bajo la siguiente entrada, donde también se encontrarán otros ejemplos y usos de a.
    A (en relaciones de espacio, lugar)
    voy a México/a la fiesta I'm going to Mexico/to the party
    voy a casa I'm going home
    dobla a la derecha turn right
    se cayó al río she fell into the river
    estaban sentados a la mesa they were sitting at the table
    a orillas del Ebro on the banks of the Ebro
    se sentó al sol he sat in the sun
    se sentó a mi derecha he sat down to the right of me o on my right
    a la vuelta de la esquina around the corner
    queda al norte de Toledo it's (to the) north of Toledo
    3
    (indicando distancia): está a diez kilómetros de aquí it's ten kilometers from here, it's ten kilometers away
    está a unos 20 minutos de aquí it takes o it's about 20 minutes from here, it's a 20 minute drive ( o walk etc) from here
    1 (señalando hora, momento, fecha) at
    abren a las ocho they open at eight o'clock
    ¿a qué hora vengo? what time shall I come?
    a eso de las dos at around o about two o'clock
    a mediados de abril in mid-April
    hoy estamos a 20 it's the 20th today
    al día siguiente the next o following day
    empezó a hablar a los diez meses he started talking when he was ten months old o at ten months
    llegó a la mañana/noche ( RPl); he arrived in the morning/at night
    2 al + INF:
    se cayó al bajar del autobús she fell as she was getting off the bus
    al verlo me di cuenta de que ya no lo quería when I saw him o on seeing him, I realized that I no longer loved him
    al salir de la estación torcí a la izquierda I turned left out of the station
    3
    (indicando distancia en el tiempo): a escasos minutos de su llegada (después) just a few minutes after she arrived; (antes) just a few minutes before she arrived
    trabajan de lunes a viernes/de una a cinco they work (from) Monday to Friday/from one to five
    a los diez minutos del primer tiempo ten minutes into the first half o after ten minutes of the first half
    estaré en París de martes a jueves I'll be in Paris from Tuesday until Thursday, I'll be in Paris Tuesday through Thursday ( AmE)
    C
    (en relaciones de proporción, equivalencia): tres veces al día/a la semana three times a day/a week
    sale a 2.000 euros por cabeza it works out at 2,000 euros per person
    iban a 100 kilómetros por hora they were going (at) 100 kilometers per hour
    nos ganaron cinco a tres they beat us by five points to three, they beat us five three o ( AmE) five to three
    D
    (indicando modo, estilo): fuimos a pie/a caballo we walked/rode, we went on foot/on horseback
    pollo al horno/a la brasa roast/barbecued chicken
    un peinado a lo Rodolfo Valentino a Rudolph Valentino hairstyle
    a crédito on credit
    ilustraciones a todo color full-color illustrations
    una tela a rayas a piece of striped material
    1
    (introduciendo el complemento directo de persona): ¿viste a José? did you see José?
    la policía está buscando al asesino the police are looking for the murderer
    no he leído a Freud I haven't read (any) Freud
    busca una secretaria bilingüe he's looking for a bilingual secretary
    ]
    2
    (introduciendo el complemento indirecto): le escribió una carta a su padre he wrote a letter to his father, he wrote his father a letter
    dáselo/dáselos a ella give it/them to her
    les enseña inglés a mis hijos she teaches my children English
    suave al tacto soft to the touch
    agradable al oído pleasing to the ear
    3
    (indicando procedencia): se lo compré a una gitana I bought it from o ( colloq) off a gipsy
    F
    enséñale a nadar teach him to swim
    fue a preguntar he went to ask
    a que + SUBJ:
    los instó a que participaran he urged them to take part
    voy a ir a que me hagan un chequeo I'm going to go and have a checkup
    2 ( fam)
    (para): ¿a qué tanta ceremonia? what's all the fuss for?
    ¿a qué le fuiste a decir eso? what did you go and tell him that for?
    3
    a por ( Esp fam): bajo a por pan I'm going down to get some bread o for some bread ( colloq)
    ¿quién va a ir a por los niños? who's going to fetch o get the children?
    ¡a por ello! go for it!
    los puntos a tratar en la reunión de mañana the points to be discussed at tomorrow's meeting
    es una idea a tener en cuenta it's an idea to bear in mind o that should be borne in mind
    total a pagar total payable
    horario a convenir hours to be arranged
    H
    1
    (en órdenes): ¡a la cama, niños! off to bed, children!
    ¡a callar! shut up! ( colloq)
    vamos ¡a trabajar! come on, let's get some work done!
    a decir verdad to tell you the truth
    a juzgar por lo que tú dices judging from what you say
    3 ( fam)
    (en cuanto a): a tozudo no hay quien le gane when it comes to being stubborn there's nobody like him
    4
    (indicando causa): a petición del interesado ( frml); at the request of the interested party
    al + INF:
    al no saber idiomas está en desventaja as he doesn't speak any languages he is at a disadvantage, he's at a disadvantage not speaking any languages
    5
    (expresando desafío): ¿a que no sabes qué nota me puso? you'll never guess what mark she gave me!
    tú no te atreverías — ¿a que sí? you wouldn't dare — do you want to o a bet? ( colloq)
    ¡a que no puedes! bet you can't! ( colloq)
    * * *

    Multiple Entries:
    A    
    a
    A,
    a sustantivo femenino (pl aes) (read as /a/) the letter A, a

    a preposición Nota:
    La preposición a suele emplearse precedida de ciertos verbos como empezar, ir, oler, sonar etc, en cuyo caso ver bajo el respectivo verbo.No se traduce cuando introduce el complemento directo de persona (ser humano, pronombres personales que lo representan, como quien, alguien, algún etc) o un nombre con un objeto o animal personalizado: amo a mi patria = I love my country, paseo a mi perro = I walk my dog.En los casos en que precede al artículo definido el para formar la contracción al, ver bajo la siguiente entrada, donde también se encontrarán otros ejemplos y usos de a.
    1

    voy a México/la tienda I'm going to Mexico/to the shop;

    voy a casa I'm going home;
    se cayó al río she fell into the river


    a orillas del Ebro on the banks of the Ebro;
    se sentó al sol he sat in the sun;
    se sentó a mi derecha he sat down on my right


    2
    a) (señalando hora, momento) at;


    a la hora de comer at lunch time;
    ¿a qué hora vengo? what time shall I come?;
    a mediados de abril in mid-April;
    al día siguiente the next o following day

    hoy estamos a lunes/a 20 today is Monday/it's the 20th today

    c) al + inf:


    al enterarse de la noticia when he learnt o on learning the news



    ( antes) a few minutes before she arrived;

    3 (en relaciones de proporción, equivalencia):

    sale a 100 euros cada uno it works out at 100 euros each;
    a 100 kilómetros por hora (at) 100 kilometers per hour;
    nos ganaron cinco a tres they beat us five three o (AmE) five to three
    4 (indicando modo, medio, estilo):
    a pie/a caballo on foot/on horseback;

    a crédito on credit;
    funciona a pilas it runs on batteries;
    a mano by hand;
    a rayas striped;
    vestirse a lo punk to wear punk clothes
    5

    ¿viste a José? did you see José?;

    no he leído a Freud I haven't read (any) Freud


    dáselo a ella give it to her;
    les enseña inglés a mis hijos she teaches my children English;
    le echó (la) llave a la puerta she locked the door

    se lo compré a una gitana I bought it from o (colloq) off a gipsy

    A, a f (letra) A
    'A' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    a. C.
    - a.m.
    - abajeña
    - abajeño
    - abanderada
    - abanderado
    - abandonar
    - abandonada
    - abandonado
    - abanico
    - abarquillada
    - abarquillado
    - abarrotada
    - abarrotado
    - abasto
    - abatida
    - abatido
    - abatirse
    - abdicar
    - aberración
    - abertura
    - abierta
    - abierto
    - abigarrada
    - abigarrado
    - abigarrar
    - ablandar
    - ablusada
    - ablusado
    - abnegada
    - abnegado
    - abobada
    - abobado
    - abocada
    - abocado
    - abogacía
    - abogada
    - abogado
    - abombada
    - abombado
    - abonar
    - abonada
    - abonado
    - abonarse
    - abono
    - abordar
    - abordaje
    - aborregar
    - abortar
    - abortiva
    English:
    A
    - A-level
    - a.m.
    - abandon
    - abandoned
    - abide by
    - ability
    - abject
    - abnormal
    - aboard
    - aborigine
    - abortion
    - abortive
    - about
    - above
    - above-board
    - above-mentioned
    - abrasive
    - abreast
    - abridged
    - abrupt
    - absent
    - absent-minded
    - absolute
    - absolutely
    - absorbed
    - abstemious
    - abstract
    - absurd
    - abundant
    - abuse
    - abusive
    - abysmal
    - academic
    - academy
    - accede
    - accent
    - acceptable
    - access
    - accident-prone
    - accidental
    - accidentally
    - acclimatized
    - accommodate
    - accommodation
    - accomplish
    - accomplished
    - account
    - account for
    - accountable
    * * *
    A
    1. (abrev de autopista) Br M, US freeway
    2. (abrev de alfil) [en notación de ajedrez] B
    A, a [a] nf
    [letra] A, a;
    si por a o por be… if for any reason…
    * * *
    a
    prp
    al este de to the east of;
    a casa home;
    ir a la cama/al cine go to bed/to the movies;
    ¡a trabajar! get to work!;
    vamos a Buenos Aires we’re going to Buenos Aires;
    voy a casa de Marta I’m going to Marta’s (house)
    a la mesa at the table;
    al lado de next to;
    a la derecha on the right;
    al sol in the sun;
    a treinta kilómetros de Cuzco thirty kilometers from Cuzco;
    está a cinco kilómetros it’s five kilometers away
    :
    ¿a qué hora llegas? what time do you arrive?;
    a las tres at three o’clock;
    de once a doce from eleven (o’clock) to twelve;
    estamos a quince de febrero it’s February fifteenth;
    a los treinta años at the age of thirty;
    a la llegada del tren when the train arrives
    :
    a la española the Spanish way;
    a mano by hand;
    a pie on foot;
    a 50 kilómetros por hora at fifty kilometers an hour
    :
    ¿a cómo o
    cuánto está? how much is it?;
    están a dos pesos el kilo they are two pesos a kilo
    :
    dáselo a tu hermano give it to your brother
    :
    vi a mi padre I saw my father
    :
    empezar a begin to;
    jugar a las cartas play cards;
    decidirse a hacer algo decide to do sth;
    voy a comprarlo I’m going to buy it;
    a decir verdad to tell the truth
    :
    ¿a que no lo sabes? I bet you don’t know;
    a ver OK, right;
    a ver lo que pasa ahora let’s see what happens now
    abr (= alias) aka (= also known as)
    * * *
    a nf
    : first letter of the Spanish alphabet
    a prep
    1) : to
    nos vamos a México: we're going to Mexico
    ¿llamaste a tu papá?: did you call your dad?
    como a usted le guste: as you wish
    3) : in the manner of
    papas a la francesa: french fries
    4) : on, by means of
    a pie: on foot
    5) : per, each
    tres pastillas al día: three pills per day
    enséñales a leer: teach them to read
    problemas a resolver: problems to be solved
    * * *
    a prep
    3. (distancia) away
    está a un kilómetro de aquí it's one kilometre from here / it's one kilometre away
    4. (tiempo) at
    5. (distribución, cantidad, medida, precio) a / at
    tocamos a 1.000 cada uno it works out at 1,000 each
    fui a pie I walked / I went on foot
    hecho a mano handmade / made by hand
    ¿has visto a Iván? have you seen Iván?
    9. (para) for
    10. (de) from

    Spanish-English dictionary > a

  • 13 abandono1

    1 = abandonment, betrayal, desertion, surrender, shift away from, drop-off, move away from, defection, pullout, disuse.
    Ex. Practical considerations led to the abandonment of this idea.
    Ex. The author explores the major themes of the novel: self-identity; love; and betrayal.
    Ex. The author also covers the electronic book and the desertion of libraries by researchers in favour of other information sources = El autor también habla del libro electrónico y del abandono de las bibliotecas por parte de los investigadores en favor de otras fuentes de información.
    Ex. This would require central funding, an appropriate communications infrastructure and the surrender by universities of their autonomy over their local libraries.
    Ex. This article discusses the effects of changes in the economy on the distribution of work in libraries which indicate a shift away from its female origins.
    Ex. There is a subsidy mechanism that lowers rates in order to avoid drop-offs from the network.
    Ex. This is a radical move away from the accepted principle of using the actual item as the primary source of cataloguing data.
    Ex. The longer the project is likely to last, the more important it is to be sure that it is designed to cope with factors such as defection of one of the partners.
    Ex. NATO is 'disappointed' at Russian pullout from arms treaty.
    Ex. After a period of disuse at the beginning of the nineteenth century, Caslon roman was revived, and has been available ever since from Caslon's successors.
    ----
    * abandono de = flight from.
    * índice de abandono escolar = dropout rate.
    * tasa de abandono escolar = dropout rate.

    Spanish-English dictionary > abandono1

  • 14 aumento acusado

    Ex. A sharp increase in the number of practical applications of expert systems was observed during the period 1980-84.
    * * *

    Ex: A sharp increase in the number of practical applications of expert systems was observed during the period 1980-84.

    Spanish-English dictionary > aumento acusado

  • 15 carta de recomendación

    reference, letter of recommendation
    * * *
    (n.) = testimonial, letter of recommendation, letter of reference, reference letter
    Ex. 4 subjects were discussed at a seminar held on 3 successive weekends in Dec 86 on the training of librarians in job application: Curricula vitae; written applications; aspects of labour legislation (particularly testimonials); and interviews.
    Ex. Researchers planning to work in UK libraries and archives, whether they are professors, freelance writers, or genealogists, will need to consider practical matters such as photocopying policies and letters of recommendation.
    Ex. She had just received a letter from a former student who wanted a letter of reference.
    Ex. Around this time of year, professors are up to their eyeballs in work and. are likely handling lots of requests for reference letters.
    * * *
    reference, letter of recommendation
    * * *
    (n.) = testimonial, letter of recommendation, letter of reference, reference letter

    Ex: 4 subjects were discussed at a seminar held on 3 successive weekends in Dec 86 on the training of librarians in job application: Curricula vitae; written applications; aspects of labour legislation (particularly testimonials); and interviews.

    Ex: Researchers planning to work in UK libraries and archives, whether they are professors, freelance writers, or genealogists, will need to consider practical matters such as photocopying policies and letters of recommendation.
    Ex: She had just received a letter from a former student who wanted a letter of reference.
    Ex: Around this time of year, professors are up to their eyeballs in work and. are likely handling lots of requests for reference letters.

    * * *
    letter of recommendation

    Spanish-English dictionary > carta de recomendación

  • 16 clase3

    3 = lesson, session, course unit, teaching session, lecture.
    Ex. There were lessons in this story which appear to have been ignored but remain valid for the future.
    Ex. But more mature readers can be expected to go on reading for full sessions without flagging, a point that most children should reach by ten years old.
    Ex. This paper discusses the library education programme in the 1st library school in Nigeria to offer the course unit system as operated in the USA.
    Ex. In teaching session after teaching session, day after day, school tasks are administered through textbooks, instruction manuals, reference works, etc -- tomes teeming with problems for the pupils to solve.
    Ex. The staff undertake searches and enquiries for the user and educate the user by various ways, from informal discussion to fully prepared lectures.
    ----
    * anterior a la clase = preclass.
    * apuntes de clase = lecture notes, class notes.
    * asistir a una clase = attend + class.
    * aula de clase = teaching room.
    * clase de educación de adultos = adult learning class, adult learner class.
    * clase de educación especial = special education class.
    * clase de educación física = physical education class.
    * clase de gimnasia = gym class.
    * clase de historia = history lesson.
    * clase de prácticas = practical.
    * clase de primaria = infant class.
    * clase de redacción = composition class.
    * clase didáctica = didactic lecture.
    * clase magistral = lecture class.
    * clase nocturna = evening class.
    * clases de apoyo = remedial teaching.
    * clases de guitarra = guitar tuition.
    * clase virtual = e-lesson.
    * compañero de clase = classmate.
    * curso de clases magistrales = lecture course.
    * curso mixto de clases y práctica en la empresa = sandwich course.
    * dar clase = give + a lesson, teach + class, teach + lesson, hold + class.
    * ejercicios de clase = school tasks.
    * en el aula de clase = classroom-based.
    * faltar a clase = play + hooky, skip + class, play + truant, bunk off, bunk + classes, skive, bunk + school.
    * faltar a una clase = miss + class, cut + class.
    * fugarse una clase = skip + class.
    * hora de clase = class period.
    * horario de clase = class time, class schedule.
    * horas de clase = class time, school hours.
    * impartir clases = lecture.
    * lectura en clase = class reading.
    * lectura recomendada de clase = classroom reading.
    * material didáctico entregado en clase = class handout.
    * perderse una clase = miss + class.
    * preparar un trabajo de clase = research + paper.
    * programa mixto de clases y práctica en la empresa = sandwich programme.
    * saltarse una clase = skip + class, miss + class, cut + class.
    * trabajo de clase = term paper, coursework [course work], term project, essay assignment, class assignment, course assignment, homework, student assignment, written assignment.
    * trabajos de clase = classroom asignment.

    Spanish-English dictionary > clase3

  • 17 comienzo

    m.
    start, beginning, kickoff.
    a comienzos del siglo XX at the beginning of the twentieth century
    dar comienzo (a algo) to start (something), to begin (something)
    pres.indicat.
    1st person singular (yo) present indicative of spanish verb: comenzar.
    * * *
    1 start, beginning
    \
    a comienzos de at the beginning of
    dar comienzo to begin, start
    estar en sus comienzos to be in its early stages
    * * *
    noun m.
    start, beginning
    * * *
    SM
    1) (=principio) [de película, historia, partido] beginning, start; [de proyecto, plan] beginning; [de enfermedad] onset

    al comienzo: al comienzo no entendía nada — at first I didn't understand anything

    al comienzo de la primavera — in early Spring, at the start of Spring

    los comienzos: en los comienzos de este siglo — at the beginning of this century

    en los comienzos del proceso democráticoin the early o initial stages of the democratic process

    una etapa muy difícil en sus comienzos — a very difficult stage, initially

    2)

    dar comienzo[acto, curso] to start, begin, commence frm

    la ceremonia dio comienzo a las cinco de la tardethe ceremony started o began o frm commenced at five o'clock

    3)

    dar comienzo a[+ acto, ceremonia] to begin, start; [+ carrera] to start; [+ etapa] to mark the beginning of

    * * *
    masculino beginning

    al comienzo — at first, in the beginning

    el proceso fue muy lento en sus comienzos — initially, the process was very slow

    dar comienzo a algo persona to begin something; ceremonia/acto to mark the beginning of something

    * * *
    = beginning, inception, starting, commencement, onset, start, initiation, dawning, input stage, kick-off, eruption, startup [start-up], start time, opening.
    Ex. In addition, synthesis often requires the use of a facet indicator, which marks the beginning of a new facet for example.
    Ex. Automated cataloging support systems, with any pretense to sophistication, did not begin to appear until the inception of the LC/MARC II (Library of Congress/Machine-Readable Cataloging) project in late 1967.
    Ex. The information seeking patterns of a variety of academic social scientists were broken down into 6 characteristics: starting; chaining; browsing; differentiating; monitoring; and extracting.
    Ex. The development of the course since its commencement is reviewed, and the reasons for changes in the course structure are discussed.
    Ex. In the 1980s came the onset of the 'new' immigration from Eastern and Southern Europe.
    Ex. Olle is right, however, in implying that after a slow start interest in, and writing about, official publishing in Britain has increased dramatically in recent years.
    Ex. The increase in emphasis on regional cooperation has resulted in the initiation of many regional projects.
    Ex. The Internet heralds the dawning of a new information age = Internet premoniza el amanecer de una nueva era de la información.
    Ex. To rephrase this in terms already used, they involve effort at the input stage in order to reduce effort at the output stage = Expresando esto con términos ya usados, suponen un esfuerzo en la etapa inicial con objeto de reducir el esfuerzo en la etapa final.
    Ex. The cooperative venture 'StoryLines America' joins libraries and public radio in smash kick-off.
    Ex. Information on the news items relevant to 'mad cow disease' was collected for a period of 100 days starting very close to the eruption of the crisis.
    Ex. This article presents some practical tips to help users of DIALOG's DIALOGLINK including buffer size, screen speed-up, startup short cuts, type-ahead buffer and use of DIALOGLING with other services.
    Ex. Reservations are held for 20 minutes after the slated event start time.
    Ex. Some of the common auxiliaries are allocated notations in which the facet indicators possess both an opening and a closure sign.
    ----
    * abocado al fracaso desde el comienzo = doomed from + the beginning, doomed from + the outset, doomed from + the start.
    * a comienzos de + Expresión Temporal = early + Expresión Temporal, the.
    * a comienzos de + Fecha = in the early + Fecha, in the early part of + Fecha.
    * a comienzos de + Período de Tiempo = by the turn of + Período de Tiempo, at the turn of + Período de Tiempo.
    * al comienzo = early on, at the outset, to start with, at startup.
    * al comienzo de = at the start (of), in the early days (of), at the outbreak of, at the onset of, early in.
    * comienzo de la guerra = outbreak of the war, breakout of + the war.
    * comienzo de la menstruación = menarche.
    * comienzo difícil = bumpy start.
    * comienzo fallido = false start.
    * comienzos = early days.
    * comienzo tardío = late start.
    * condenado al fracaso desde el comienzo = doomed from + the beginning, doomed from + the outset, doomed from + the start.
    * dar comienzo a = give + a start to.
    * dar un comienzo a = give + a start to.
    * de comienzos de + Expresión Temporal = earliest + Expresión Temporal.
    * desde el comienzo = from the outset, from the start, from the beginning, ab initio, from the word go, from the word get-go.
    * desde el comienzo de los tiempos = since the beginning of time, from the beginning of time, since time began.
    * desde los comienzos = from an early stage.
    * desde sus comienzos = from + its/their + inception, from + its/their + beginnings, since + its/their + beginnings, since + its/their + inception.
    * en los comienzos de = at the birth of.
    * en + Posesivo + comienzos = in + Posesivo + early days, in + Posesivo + early years.
    * en sus comienzos = budding.
    * fecha de comienzo = starting date, beginning date, date of commencement.
    * hora de comienzo = starting time, start time.
    * indicador de comienzo de subcampo = delimiter sign.
    * los comienzos de = the dawn of.
    * marcar el comienzo = usher in.
    * nuevo comienzo = new beginning, clean slate, new leaf.
    * posición de comienzo = offset value.
    * predestinado al fracaso desde el comienzo = doomed to + failure from its inception, doomed to + failure.
    * tener programado su comienzo = be scheduled to start.
    * tener un comienzo tardío
    * un nuevo comienzo = a fresh start.
    * * *
    masculino beginning

    al comienzo — at first, in the beginning

    el proceso fue muy lento en sus comienzos — initially, the process was very slow

    dar comienzo a algo persona to begin something; ceremonia/acto to mark the beginning of something

    * * *
    = beginning, inception, starting, commencement, onset, start, initiation, dawning, input stage, kick-off, eruption, startup [start-up], start time, opening.

    Ex: In addition, synthesis often requires the use of a facet indicator, which marks the beginning of a new facet for example.

    Ex: Automated cataloging support systems, with any pretense to sophistication, did not begin to appear until the inception of the LC/MARC II (Library of Congress/Machine-Readable Cataloging) project in late 1967.
    Ex: The information seeking patterns of a variety of academic social scientists were broken down into 6 characteristics: starting; chaining; browsing; differentiating; monitoring; and extracting.
    Ex: The development of the course since its commencement is reviewed, and the reasons for changes in the course structure are discussed.
    Ex: In the 1980s came the onset of the 'new' immigration from Eastern and Southern Europe.
    Ex: Olle is right, however, in implying that after a slow start interest in, and writing about, official publishing in Britain has increased dramatically in recent years.
    Ex: The increase in emphasis on regional cooperation has resulted in the initiation of many regional projects.
    Ex: The Internet heralds the dawning of a new information age = Internet premoniza el amanecer de una nueva era de la información.
    Ex: To rephrase this in terms already used, they involve effort at the input stage in order to reduce effort at the output stage = Expresando esto con términos ya usados, suponen un esfuerzo en la etapa inicial con objeto de reducir el esfuerzo en la etapa final.
    Ex: The cooperative venture 'StoryLines America' joins libraries and public radio in smash kick-off.
    Ex: Information on the news items relevant to 'mad cow disease' was collected for a period of 100 days starting very close to the eruption of the crisis.
    Ex: This article presents some practical tips to help users of DIALOG's DIALOGLINK including buffer size, screen speed-up, startup short cuts, type-ahead buffer and use of DIALOGLING with other services.
    Ex: Reservations are held for 20 minutes after the slated event start time.
    Ex: Some of the common auxiliaries are allocated notations in which the facet indicators possess both an opening and a closure sign.
    * abocado al fracaso desde el comienzo = doomed from + the beginning, doomed from + the outset, doomed from + the start.
    * a comienzos de + Expresión Temporal = early + Expresión Temporal, the.
    * a comienzos de + Fecha = in the early + Fecha, in the early part of + Fecha.
    * a comienzos de + Período de Tiempo = by the turn of + Período de Tiempo, at the turn of + Período de Tiempo.
    * al comienzo = early on, at the outset, to start with, at startup.
    * al comienzo de = at the start (of), in the early days (of), at the outbreak of, at the onset of, early in.
    * comienzo de la guerra = outbreak of the war, breakout of + the war.
    * comienzo de la menstruación = menarche.
    * comienzo difícil = bumpy start.
    * comienzo fallido = false start.
    * comienzos = early days.
    * comienzo tardío = late start.
    * condenado al fracaso desde el comienzo = doomed from + the beginning, doomed from + the outset, doomed from + the start.
    * dar comienzo a = give + a start to.
    * dar un comienzo a = give + a start to.
    * de comienzos de + Expresión Temporal = earliest + Expresión Temporal.
    * desde el comienzo = from the outset, from the start, from the beginning, ab initio, from the word go, from the word get-go.
    * desde el comienzo de los tiempos = since the beginning of time, from the beginning of time, since time began.
    * desde los comienzos = from an early stage.
    * desde sus comienzos = from + its/their + inception, from + its/their + beginnings, since + its/their + beginnings, since + its/their + inception.
    * en los comienzos de = at the birth of.
    * en + Posesivo + comienzos = in + Posesivo + early days, in + Posesivo + early years.
    * en sus comienzos = budding.
    * fecha de comienzo = starting date, beginning date, date of commencement.
    * hora de comienzo = starting time, start time.
    * indicador de comienzo de subcampo = delimiter sign.
    * los comienzos de = the dawn of.
    * marcar el comienzo = usher in.
    * nuevo comienzo = new beginning, clean slate, new leaf.
    * posición de comienzo = offset value.
    * predestinado al fracaso desde el comienzo = doomed to + failure from its inception, doomed to + failure.
    * tener programado su comienzo = be scheduled to start.
    * tener un comienzo tardío
    * un nuevo comienzo = a fresh start.

    * * *
    beginning
    al comienzo at first, in the beginning
    el proceso fue muy lento en sus comienzos initially, the process was very slow
    dio comienzo al año lectivo it marked the beginning of the academic year
    dieron comienzo a la función con la tocata they began the performance with the toccata
    el concierto dará comienzo a las nueve the concert will begin at 9 o'clock
    los comienzos son siempre difíciles the first months ( o steps etc) are always difficult
    * * *

     

    Del verbo comenzar: ( conjugate comenzar)

    comienzo es:

    1ª persona singular (yo) presente indicativo

    Multiple Entries:
    comenzar    
    comienzo
    comenzar ( conjugate comenzar) verbo transitivo
    to begin, commence (frml)
    verbo intransitivo
    to begin;

    comienzo haciendo algo/por hacer algo to begin by doing sth;
    comienzo a hacer algo to start doing o to do sth;
    comienzoon a disparar they started firing o to fire;
    comienzo por algo to begin with sth
    comienzo sustantivo masculino
    beginning;
    al comienzo at first, in the beginning;
    dar comienzo to begin;
    dar comienzo a algo [ persona] to begin sth;

    [ceremonia/acto] to mark the beginning of sth;

    comenzar verbo transitivo & verbo intransitivo to begin, start
    (a realizar una acción) comenzó a decir barbaridades, he started talking nonsense
    (una serie de acciones) comenzamos por mostrar nuestro desacuerdo, we started by showing our disagreement ➣ Ver nota en begin y start
    comienzo sustantivo masculino beginning, start
    ♦ Locuciones: a comienzos de, at the beginning of
    dar comienzo, to begin o start

    ' comienzo' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    apertura
    - iniciar
    - origen
    - principio
    - iniciación
    English:
    beginning
    - conception
    - off
    - onset
    - opening
    - outbreak
    - outset
    - start
    - turn
    - commence
    - home
    - out
    - usher
    * * *
    nm
    start, beginning;
    lo sabían desde el comienzo they knew from the start o beginning;
    y esto es sólo el comienzo and this is just the start;
    tuvo unos comienzos poco prometedores it got off to an inauspicious start;
    a comienzos del siglo XX at the beginning of the 20th century;
    al comienzo in the beginning, at first;
    dar comienzo (a algo) to start (sth), to begin (sth);
    la función dio comienzo a las siete y media the performance started at half past seven;
    el secretario dio comienzo a la reunión the secretary began o opened the meeting
    * * *
    m beginning;
    al comienzo, en un comienzo at first, in the beginning;
    un comienzo from the start;
    a comienzos de junio at the beginning of June
    * * *
    1) : start, beginning
    2)
    al comienzo : at first
    3)
    dar comienzo : to begin
    * * *
    comienzo n beginning

    Spanish-English dictionary > comienzo

  • 18 con titulación previa

    Ex. Already-qualified staff study additional subjects, such as 'service to readers' or 'reference and information work', while those without higher education have training at their workplace in practical procedures.
    * * *

    Ex: Already-qualified staff study additional subjects, such as 'service to readers' or 'reference and information work', while those without higher education have training at their workplace in practical procedures.

    Spanish-English dictionary > con titulación previa

  • 19 contexto

    m.
    context.
    * * *
    1 context
    2 figurado environment
    * * *
    noun m.
    * * *
    SM
    1) (=marco) context
    2) (Téc) web, tangle
    * * *
    masculino context
    * * *
    = context, Display, environment, scenario, setting, situation, milieu, sphere, set and setting, landscape, climate, environ.
    Ex. In this chapter a review of the development of cataloguing codes is given in order to explain and place in context the nature of modern cataloguing codes.
    Ex. This layout gives the lead term in the context of wider terms on the same line (the Qualifier) and narrower terms (the Display) on the second line.
    Ex. This document specifies methods of extending the 7-bit code, remaining in a 7-bit environment or increasing to an 8-bit environment.
    Ex. This article describes a scenario in which the training of junior staff on-the-job is discussed emphasising that the reality in New Zealand libraries falls far short of the ideal.
    Ex. Over 700 CRT terminals are online to Columbus and are used in a variety of ways to improve service in the local library settings.
    Ex. Even in this apparently straightforward situation, complications can arise.
    Ex. These are the kinds of problems that characteristically arise in the complex and continually changing milieu of libraries and media and information centers.
    Ex. I am not convinced that people become connoisseurs -- experts: educated and discriminating people in any sphere -- from limited knowledge and experience, no matter how rich in quality.
    Ex. For me a picture of myself in a dentist's waiting room is a perfect metaphor for set and setting very much in play against the easily obtained pleasures I usually get from reading.
    Ex. During the post-war period international organizations have become a prominent feature of the international landscape.
    Ex. The article 'Keeping your ear to the ground' discusses the skills and knowledge information professionals need to have in today's IT-rich climate.
    Ex. For example, the games themselves can act as a tool to educate social science students how to access and interact with unknown cultures within a safe environ.
    ----
    * ayuda sensible al contexto = context-sensitive help.
    * contexto actual, el = scheme of things, the.
    * contexto cultural = cultural context.
    * contexto económico = economic context.
    * contexto físico = atmospherics.
    * contexto histórico = historical context.
    * contexto político = political context.
    * contextos = sphere of activity, sphere of life.
    * contexto social = social context.
    * contexto sociocultural = sociocultural context.
    * contexto temático = subject context.
    * dependencia del contexto = situatedness.
    * dependiente del contexto = context-dependent.
    * desde el punto de vista del contexto = contextually.
    * encuadrar en un contexto = set in + context.
    * en el contexto de = in the realm of.
    * en este contexto = against this background.
    * en otros contextos = in other connections.
    * establecer el contexto = set + context.
    * índice KWIC (Palabra Clave en su Contexto) = KWIC (Keyword-in-Context).
    * índice KWOC (Palabra Clave fuera de su Contexto) = KWOC (Keyword-Out-of-Context).
    * limitado por el contexto = context-bound.
    * según el contexto = contextually.
    * ser una novedad en el contexto del que se está hablando = be a newcomer to the scene.
    * situar en contexto = place + in context.
    * situar en un contexto = bring into + context.
    * usar fuera de contexto = use + out of context.
    * * *
    masculino context
    * * *
    = context, Display, environment, scenario, setting, situation, milieu, sphere, set and setting, landscape, climate, environ.

    Ex: In this chapter a review of the development of cataloguing codes is given in order to explain and place in context the nature of modern cataloguing codes.

    Ex: This layout gives the lead term in the context of wider terms on the same line (the Qualifier) and narrower terms (the Display) on the second line.
    Ex: This document specifies methods of extending the 7-bit code, remaining in a 7-bit environment or increasing to an 8-bit environment.
    Ex: This article describes a scenario in which the training of junior staff on-the-job is discussed emphasising that the reality in New Zealand libraries falls far short of the ideal.
    Ex: Over 700 CRT terminals are online to Columbus and are used in a variety of ways to improve service in the local library settings.
    Ex: Even in this apparently straightforward situation, complications can arise.
    Ex: These are the kinds of problems that characteristically arise in the complex and continually changing milieu of libraries and media and information centers.
    Ex: I am not convinced that people become connoisseurs -- experts: educated and discriminating people in any sphere -- from limited knowledge and experience, no matter how rich in quality.
    Ex: For me a picture of myself in a dentist's waiting room is a perfect metaphor for set and setting very much in play against the easily obtained pleasures I usually get from reading.
    Ex: During the post-war period international organizations have become a prominent feature of the international landscape.
    Ex: The article 'Keeping your ear to the ground' discusses the skills and knowledge information professionals need to have in today's IT-rich climate.
    Ex: For example, the games themselves can act as a tool to educate social science students how to access and interact with unknown cultures within a safe environ.
    * ayuda sensible al contexto = context-sensitive help.
    * contexto actual, el = scheme of things, the.
    * contexto cultural = cultural context.
    * contexto económico = economic context.
    * contexto físico = atmospherics.
    * contexto histórico = historical context.
    * contexto político = political context.
    * contextos = sphere of activity, sphere of life.
    * contexto social = social context.
    * contexto sociocultural = sociocultural context.
    * contexto temático = subject context.
    * dependencia del contexto = situatedness.
    * dependiente del contexto = context-dependent.
    * desde el punto de vista del contexto = contextually.
    * encuadrar en un contexto = set in + context.
    * en el contexto de = in the realm of.
    * en este contexto = against this background.
    * en otros contextos = in other connections.
    * establecer el contexto = set + context.
    * índice KWIC (Palabra Clave en su Contexto) = KWIC (Keyword-in-Context).
    * índice KWOC (Palabra Clave fuera de su Contexto) = KWOC (Keyword-Out-of-Context).
    * limitado por el contexto = context-bound.
    * según el contexto = contextually.
    * ser una novedad en el contexto del que se está hablando = be a newcomer to the scene.
    * situar en contexto = place + in context.
    * situar en un contexto = bring into + context.
    * usar fuera de contexto = use + out of context.

    * * *
    1 (en un texto) context
    fuera de contexto out of context
    poner algo en contexto to put sth into context
    2 (marco, coyuntura) context
    * * *

    contexto sustantivo masculino
    context
    contexto sustantivo masculino context
    contexto sustantivo masculino context
    ' contexto' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    marco
    - mayoría
    - empezar
    English:
    context
    - must
    - set-up
    * * *
    1. [de texto] context
    2. [circunstancias] context;
    en/fuera de contexto in/out of context
    * * *
    m context;
    fuera de contexto out of context;
    sacar de contexto take out of context
    * * *
    : context
    * * *
    contexto n context

    Spanish-English dictionary > contexto

  • 20 continuo

    adj.
    1 continuous, around-the-clock, constant, round-the-clock.
    Una función continua (no discreta) A continuous function (not discrete)...
    2 nonstop.
    3 continuous, one-piece, non broken.
    4 continuous, not discrete, indiscrete.
    Una función continua (no discreta) A continuous function (not discrete)...
    m.
    1 continuum, whole, undivided whole.
    2 continuo, bass accompaniment in a musical score.
    * * *
    1 (seguido) continuous
    2 (continuado) continual, constant
    1 (todo) continuum
    2 (de gente) flow
    \
    corriente continua direct current
    movimiento continuo perpetual motion
    ————————
    1 (todo) continuum
    2 (de gente) flow
    * * *
    (f. - continua)
    adj.
    continuous, constant
    * * *
    1. ADJ
    1) (=ininterrumpido) [línea, fila] continuous; [dolor, movimiento, crecimiento] constant, continuous; [pesadilla, molestia] constant

    la presencia continua de los militares lo hacía todo más difícilthe constant o continuous presence of the soldiers made everything more difficult

    evaluación 2), sesión 3)
    2) (=frecuente, repetido) [llamadas, amenazas, críticas, cambios] constant, continual
    3) (Fís) [movimiento] perpetual
    4) (Elec) [corriente] direct
    5) (Ling) continuous
    6)
    2.
    SM (Fís) continuum
    * * *
    I
    - nua adjetivo
    a) ( sin interrupción) < dolor> constant; <movimiento/sonido> continuous, constant; < lucha> continual
    b) ( frecuente) <llamadas/viajes> continual, constant
    c)
    II
    continuum masculino (frml) continuum
    * * *
    = continual, continued, continuing, continuous, ongoing [on-going], persistent, running, sustained, steady [steadier -comp., steadiest -sup.], continuum, uninterrupted, long-term, everlasting, unrelieved, back-to-back, unceasing, incessant, ceaseless.
    Ex. The second point concerns the continual reference to Haykin's book, a sort of code of subject authority practice and its drawbacks.
    Ex. Instructional development is a goal-oriented, problem-solving process involving techniques such as development of specific objectives, analysis of learners and tasks, preliminary trials, formative and summative evaluation, and continued revision.
    Ex. They are likely to influence the future function of DC, and the way in which the scheme will evolve, but since there will be a continuing need for shelf arrangement, DC will remain necessary.
    Ex. However, in 1983, Forest Press decided to opt for the concept of continuous revision.
    Ex. This study has many implications for an ongoing COMARC effort beyond the present pilot project because it is evident that a very small number of libraries can furnish machine-readable records with full LC/MARC encoding.
    Ex. Cases keep discussion grounded on certain persistent facts that must be faced, and keep a realistic rein on airy flights of academic speculation.
    Ex. Tom Hernandez knew that there had been a ' running feud' between Lespran and Balzac during the last year or so.
    Ex. Research has shown that strong centralized control of employees is not the best way to achieve operational efficiency or sustained productivity.
    Ex. Susan Blanch is a fairly steady customer, taking only fiction books.
    Ex. At the other end of the continuum is the form of hack writing typified by the poorest quality of adventure stories (often mildly pornographic).
    Ex. For this purpose it is assumed that the usual 23-letter latin alphabet, or an uninterrupted series of numerals, is used for signing the gatherings.
    Ex. Many long-term residents feel that Junctionville should be governed the way it was before Groome appeared -- by 'good old boys' who had worked their way up, who eschewed issues, and who faithfully rewarded their cronies.
    Ex. Appraisal is the single most important function performed by an archivist because it has wide-reaching and everlasting social implications.
    Ex. Although the slave narratives were usually intended to serve in the cause of abolition, not all of them were bitter, unrelieved tirades against the institution of slavery, but rather there were frequently moments of relieving laughter.
    Ex. The conference program includes back-to-back papers on techniques for sorting Unicode data.
    Ex. But just as she pulled over the road in the pitch blackness of night she heard the unceasing sound of the night like she had never heard it.
    Ex. The great practical education of the Englishman is derived from incessant intercourse between man and man, in trade.
    Ex. Children in modern society are faced with a ceaseless stream of new ideas, and responsibility for their upbringing has generally moved from parents to childminders and teachers.
    ----
    * en continuo aumento = ever-increasing.
    * en continuo cambio = constantly shifting.
    * flujo continuo = continuum.
    * formación continua = continuing training.
    * formación continua en el trabajo = workplace learning.
    * máquina continua de papel = paper-making machine.
    * miedo continuo = nagging fear.
    * paginación continua = continuous pagination.
    * papel continuo de periódico = newsprint.
    * papel perforado continuo = continuous computer stationery.
    * temor continuo = nagging fear.
    * texto continuo = stream of text.
    * * *
    I
    - nua adjetivo
    a) ( sin interrupción) < dolor> constant; <movimiento/sonido> continuous, constant; < lucha> continual
    b) ( frecuente) <llamadas/viajes> continual, constant
    c)
    II
    continuum masculino (frml) continuum
    * * *
    = continual, continued, continuing, continuous, ongoing [on-going], persistent, running, sustained, steady [steadier -comp., steadiest -sup.], continuum, uninterrupted, long-term, everlasting, unrelieved, back-to-back, unceasing, incessant, ceaseless.

    Ex: The second point concerns the continual reference to Haykin's book, a sort of code of subject authority practice and its drawbacks.

    Ex: Instructional development is a goal-oriented, problem-solving process involving techniques such as development of specific objectives, analysis of learners and tasks, preliminary trials, formative and summative evaluation, and continued revision.
    Ex: They are likely to influence the future function of DC, and the way in which the scheme will evolve, but since there will be a continuing need for shelf arrangement, DC will remain necessary.
    Ex: However, in 1983, Forest Press decided to opt for the concept of continuous revision.
    Ex: This study has many implications for an ongoing COMARC effort beyond the present pilot project because it is evident that a very small number of libraries can furnish machine-readable records with full LC/MARC encoding.
    Ex: Cases keep discussion grounded on certain persistent facts that must be faced, and keep a realistic rein on airy flights of academic speculation.
    Ex: Tom Hernandez knew that there had been a ' running feud' between Lespran and Balzac during the last year or so.
    Ex: Research has shown that strong centralized control of employees is not the best way to achieve operational efficiency or sustained productivity.
    Ex: Susan Blanch is a fairly steady customer, taking only fiction books.
    Ex: At the other end of the continuum is the form of hack writing typified by the poorest quality of adventure stories (often mildly pornographic).
    Ex: For this purpose it is assumed that the usual 23-letter latin alphabet, or an uninterrupted series of numerals, is used for signing the gatherings.
    Ex: Many long-term residents feel that Junctionville should be governed the way it was before Groome appeared -- by 'good old boys' who had worked their way up, who eschewed issues, and who faithfully rewarded their cronies.
    Ex: Appraisal is the single most important function performed by an archivist because it has wide-reaching and everlasting social implications.
    Ex: Although the slave narratives were usually intended to serve in the cause of abolition, not all of them were bitter, unrelieved tirades against the institution of slavery, but rather there were frequently moments of relieving laughter.
    Ex: The conference program includes back-to-back papers on techniques for sorting Unicode data.
    Ex: But just as she pulled over the road in the pitch blackness of night she heard the unceasing sound of the night like she had never heard it.
    Ex: The great practical education of the Englishman is derived from incessant intercourse between man and man, in trade.
    Ex: Children in modern society are faced with a ceaseless stream of new ideas, and responsibility for their upbringing has generally moved from parents to childminders and teachers.
    * en continuo aumento = ever-increasing.
    * en continuo cambio = constantly shifting.
    * flujo continuo = continuum.
    * formación continua = continuing training.
    * formación continua en el trabajo = workplace learning.
    * máquina continua de papel = paper-making machine.
    * miedo continuo = nagging fear.
    * paginación continua = continuous pagination.
    * papel continuo de periódico = newsprint.
    * papel perforado continuo = continuous computer stationery.
    * temor continuo = nagging fear.
    * texto continuo = stream of text.

    * * *
    1 ‹dolor› (sin interrupción) constant; ‹movimiento/sonido› continuous, constant; ‹lucha› continual
    2 (frecuente) ‹llamadas/viajes› continual, constant
    estoy harto de sus continuas protestas I'm fed up of his continual o constant complaining
    3
    ( frml)
    continuum
    * * *

     

    Del verbo continuar: ( conjugate continuar)

    continúo es:

    1ª persona singular (yo) presente indicativo

    continuó es:

    3ª persona singular (él/ella/usted) pretérito indicativo

    Multiple Entries:
    continuar    
    continuo
    continuar ( conjugate continuar) verbo transitivo
    to continue
    verbo intransitivo [guerra/espectáculo/vida] to continue;
    si las cosas continúan así if things go on o continue like this;


    ( on signs) continuará to be continued;

    continuo con algo to continue with sth;
    continuó diciendo que … she went on to say that …
    continuo -nua adjetivo

    movimiento/sonido continuous, constant;
    lucha continual
    b) ( frecuente) ‹llamadas/viajes continual, constant

    continuar verbo transitivo & verbo intransitivo
    1 to continue, carry on (with)
    2 (seguir en un lugar) continúa viviendo en Brasil, he's still living in Brazil
    3 (seguir sucediendo) continúa lloviendo, it is still raining
    (una película) continuará, to be continued ➣ Ver nota en continue
    continuo,-a adjetivo
    1 (incesante) continuous
    corriente continua, direct current
    Auto línea continua, solid white line
    sesión continua, continuous showing
    2 (repetido) continual, constant
    sus continuos reproches, his endless reproaches
    ' continuo' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    continua
    - continuamente
    - intranquila
    - intranquilo
    - constante
    - continuar
    - horario
    English:
    ago
    - begin
    - continual
    - continuous
    - now
    - pause
    - perpetual
    - perpetual motion
    - persistent
    - rattle on
    - solid
    - teethe
    - unbroken
    - ache
    - endless
    - running
    - steady
    * * *
    continuo, -a
    adj
    1. [ininterrumpido] continuous;
    las continuas lluvias obligaron a suspender el partido the continuous rain forced them to call off the game
    2. [perseverante] continual;
    me irritan sus continuas preguntas her continual questioning irritates me
    3. [unido] continuous;
    papel continuo continuous stationery
    nm
    1. [sucesión] succession, series
    2. Fís continuum
    3. Ling continuum
    de continuo loc adv
    continually
    * * *
    adj
    1 ( sin parar) continuous;
    de continuo constantly
    2 ( frecuente) continual
    * * *
    continuo, - nua adj
    : continuous, steady, constant
    * * *
    1. (ininterrumpido) continuous
    2. (repetido) continual

    Spanish-English dictionary > continuo

См. также в других словарях:

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